Marino Faliero (opera)
Marino Faliero (or Marin Faliero) is a tragedia lirica, or tragic opera, in three acts by Gaetano Donizetti. Giovanni Emanuele Bidéra wrote the Italian libretto, with revisions by Agostino Ruffini, after Casimir Delavigne's play. It is inspired by Lord Byron's drama Marino Faliero (1820) and based on the life of Marino Faliero (c.1285-1355), the Venetian Doge.
Rossini had influenced the management of the Théâtre-Italien to commission works by the outstanding Italian composers of the day—Donizetti and Vincenzo Bellini. Both wrote operas for that house in Paris, Bellini's contribution being the hugely-successful I puritani. Donizetti's opera, which premiered on 12 March 1835 (a few months after I puritani) was not nearly as much of a success. However, it marked Donizetti's first opera to have its premiere in Paris.
Marino Faliero was presented in London at Covent Garden on 14 May 1835 and at the Teatro Alfieri in Florence in 1836. Its first appearance in the US took place at the St Charles Theater in New Orleans on 22 February 1842. However, after several prohibitions from September 1839 onward, the opera was not presented until 3 September 1848, the day to which Black notes was the one on which the composer died in Bergamo. After three complete performances, it disappeared from the repertory.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere Cast, 12 March 1835
(Conductor: - )
|Marin Faliero, the Doge of Venice||bass||Luigi Lablache|
|Israele Bertucci, chief of the Venetian Arsenal||baritone||Antonio Tamburini|
|Fernando, Faliero's friend and in love with Elena||tenor||Giovanni Battista Rubini|
|Steno, member of the Council of Forty||bass|
|Leoni, Member of the Council of Ten||tenor|
|Elena, The Doge's wife||soprano||Giulia Grisi|
|Irene, Elena's servant||soprano|
|Vincenzo, the Doge's servant||tenor|
|Beltrame, a sculptor||bass|
|Pietro, a gondolier||bass||Nicolay Ivanov|
|Guido, a fisherman||bass|
|Gentlemen, knights, craftsmen, fishermen, servants, soldiers|
- Place: Venice
- Time: 1355
Elena, the wife of Marin Faliero, Doge of Venice, is continually subjected to attacks on her reputation by the patrician Steno whose advances she has rejected. Steno then insults Israele Bertucci, the chief of the Venetian Arsenal in front of his workers. Steno is punished for these offenses, but Faliero is infuriated by the leniency of the punishment. Israele convinces Faliero to join a conspiracy against the Council of Forty, of which Steno is a member.
Meanwhile, Elena is in love with Faliero's friend Fernando, who wants to leave the city to save her from dishonour. During a masked ball, Fernando challenges Steno to a duel for having insulted Elena once again. When Fernando is found dying in the place where the conspirators were to meet, Faliero vows to avenge his death.
The conspiracy collapses following a betrayal by one of its members and the Doge is condemned to death. Before his execution, Elena confesses her love affair with Fernando to him. Faliero begins to curse her, but sensing that his death is imminent, pardons her instead. Faliero is led off. Alone on the stage, Elena hears the sound of the executioner's axe, screams and faints.
Israele Bertucci, Fernando, Elena
Opera House and Orchestra
RAI Milan Symphony Orchestra
|Audio CD: Bongiovanni
Cat: MCD 054.314
Orchestra and Chorus of Teatro Regio Parma
(Recording of a performance in Parma, 2 January)
|Audio CD: House of Opera
Cat: CD 820
Orchestra and Chorus of Bergamo Musica Festival Gaetano Donizetti,
(Filmed at the Teatro Donizetti, Bergamo, 31 October and 2 November)
Cat: VD 2.110616-17.
- *Casaglia, Gherardo, "12 Marzo 1835", Almanacco Amadeus, 2005. Accessed 2 October 2009 (in Italian).
- Ashbrook and Hibberd 2001, p. 237
- Black 1982, pp. 33—34.
- Part of this synopsis is a translation from Marin Faliero (opera) on the Italian Wikipedia.
- Recordings of Marino Faliero on operadis-opera-discography.org.uk
- Tom Kaufman, "Marino Faliero", Opera Today online, 31 May 2006
- Ashbrook, William; Sarah Hibberd (2001), in Holden, Amanda (Ed.), The New Penguin Opera Guide, New York: Penguin Putnam. ISBN 0-14-029312-4.
- Black, John (1982), Donizetti’s Operas in Naples, 1822—1848. London: The Donizetti Society.
- Allitt, John Stewart (1991), Donizetti: in the light of Romanticism and the teaching of Johann Simon Mayr, Shaftesbury: Element Books, Ltd (UK); Rockport, MA: Element, Inc.(USA)
- Ashbrook, William (1982), Donizetti and His Operas, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23526-X
- Ashbrook, William (1998), "Marino Falliero" in Stanley Sadie (Ed.), The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, Vol. Three, p. 218. London: MacMillan Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-333-73432-7 ISBN 1-56159-228-5
- Loewenberg, Alfred (1970). Annals of Opera, 1597-1940, 2nd edition. Rowman and Littlefield
- Osborne, Charles, (1994), The Bel Canto Operas of Rossini, Donizetti, and Bellini, Portland, Oregon: Amadeus Press. ISBN 0-931340-71-3
- Sadie, Stanley, (Ed.); John Tyrell (Exec. Ed.) (2004), The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. 2nd edition. London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-19-517067-2 (hardcover). ISBN 0-19-517067-9 OCLC 419285866 (eBook).
- Weinstock, Herbert (1963), Donizetti and the World of Opera in Italy, Paris, and Vienna in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century, New York: Pantheon Books. LCCN 63-13703