Marion County, Mississippi

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Not to be confused with Marion, Mississippi.
Marion County, Mississippi
Marion County Mississippi Courthouse.jpg
Marion County courthouse in Columbia, Mississippi
Map of Mississippi highlighting Marion County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded 1811
Named for Francis Marion
Seat Columbia
Largest city Columbia
Area
 • Total 548.58 sq mi (1,421 km2)
 • Land 542.34 sq mi (1,405 km2)
 • Water 6.24 sq mi (16 km2), 1.14%
Population
 • (2010) 27,088
 • Density 47/sq mi (18/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.marioncounty-ms.us

Marion County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,088.[1] Its county seat is Columbia.[2] Marion County is named for American Revolutionary War guerrilla leader Francis Marion.

Geography[edit]

Marion County is located in southwest Mississippi. According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 548.58 square miles (1,420.8 km2), of which 542.34 square miles (1,404.7 km2) (or 98.86%) is land and 6.24 square miles (16.2 km2) (or 1.14%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,116
1830 3,691 18.5%
1840 3,830 3.8%
1850 4,410 15.1%
1860 4,686 6.3%
1870 4,211 −10.1%
1880 6,901 63.9%
1890 9,532 38.1%
1900 13,501 41.6%
1910 15,599 15.5%
1920 17,144 9.9%
1930 19,923 16.2%
1940 24,085 20.9%
1950 23,967 −0.5%
1960 23,293 −2.8%
1970 22,871 −1.8%
1980 25,708 12.4%
1990 25,544 −0.6%
2000 25,595 0.2%
2010 27,088 5.8%
Est. 2012 26,442 −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 25,595 people, 9,336 households, and 6,880 families residing in the county. The population density was 47 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 10,395 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 66.96% White, 31.87% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,336 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.30% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.80% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,555, and the median income for a family was $29,894. Males had a median income of $26,909 versus $17,192 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,301. About 20.70% of families and 24.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.60% of those under age 18 and 23.00% of those aged 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Mississippi Department of Human Services's Division of Youth Services operated the Columbia Training School in unincorporated Marion County.[6][7]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

  • Earl W. Bascom (1916–1995), "Father of Modern Rodeo" and Hall of Fame cowboy; produced Marion County's first rodeo in 1935
  • Charles C. Bass (1875-1975), "Father of Preventive Dentistry"; researcher in tropical medicine
  • Gil Carmichael (born 1927), businessman, transportation specialist, Republican politician; native of Marion County[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ U.S. Census Bureau profile of Columbia, MS. Retrieved on July 21, 2010.
  7. ^ "Public Appearance Calendar Governor Ronnie Musgrove For the Week of December 31, 2001". Mississippi Department of Archives and History. Retrieved on July 21, 2010. "Columbia Training School 1730 Highway 44 Columbia, MS."
  8. ^ "Gilbert E. Carmichael papers". librarymsstate.edu. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 

Coordinates: 31°14′N 89°49′W / 31.23°N 89.82°W / 31.23; -89.82