Marion County Courthouse (Ohio)

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Marion County Courthouse
Marion County Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Western front of the courthouse
Marion County Courthouse (Ohio) is located in Ohio
Marion County Courthouse (Ohio)
Location Courthouse Sq., Marion, Ohio
Coordinates 40°35′20″N 83°7′42″W / 40.58889°N 83.12833°W / 40.58889; -83.12833Coordinates: 40°35′20″N 83°7′42″W / 40.58889°N 83.12833°W / 40.58889; -83.12833
Built 1884
Architect David W. Gibbs
Governing body Local[1]
NRHP Reference # 74001572[1]
Added to NRHP July 25, 1974[1]

The Marion County Courthouse is the seat of government for Marion County, Ohio, United States. Located at the heart of the city of Marion, it is a sister of the courthouses that stand in Washington Court House in Fayette County, Ohio, and Charlotte, Eaton County, Michigan. All three were designed by architect David W. Gibbs,; however, the Fayette County Courthouse was built from 1882–1885, the Eaton County Michigan courthouse was also built from 1882-1885 and uses brick and stone for its exterior rather than stone for the Ohio built structures. The Marion County Courthouse was built during 1884-1886. The blueprints are a modification from even older designs for the Henry and Union County Courthouses.[citation needed]

Ten portholes are decorated with sandstone heads of various figures. Four of them are meant to depict various races — a white woman, an African man, an Asian man, and an American Indian man. Other heads include two settler girls and a settler woman, plus a head similar to depictions of William Shakespeare.[2]

In the 1970s, county officials announced a plan to perform extensive changes the building's interior, which had previously experienced few modifications since construction. The Marion County Historical Society protested the plans and aroused substantial public displeasure; plans were laid for a referendum to repeal the plans, and enough local residents signed a ballot petition that it would have qualified for a vote, but no vote was held because Ohio law does not permit referenda of the sort. Numerous original wood carvings and paintings were destroyed, ceilings were dropped, and aluminum doors installed. County officials sought to mollify local ire by retaining the building's exterior, including restoring the statue of Justice atop the tower.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ a b Thrane, Susan W., County Courthouses of Ohio. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana UP, 2000, 103.