Marion Mainwaring (born 1922) is an American writer, translator, and critic.
Mainwaring is best known as the author who completed Edith Wharton's novel The Buccaneers, published in 1993. She earlier assisted R. W. B. Lewis in researching his Pulitzer- and Bancroft-prize-winning 1976 biography of Wharton. A novelist in her own right, she wrote the novel Murder in Pastiche: or Nine Detectives All at Sea (1954), parodying nine famous fictional detectives, and Murder at Midyears (1953). She translated Youth and Age: Three Novellas by Ivan Turgenev and edited The Portrait Game, records of a parlor game played by Turgenev and his friends. Her most recent work is Mysteries of Paris: The Quest for Morton Fullerton (2001), a biography of Wharton's lover.