Marion Wallace Dunlop

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Article about Dunlop's hunger strike in the July 10, 1909 edition of the Daily Arizona silver belt.

Marion Wallace Dunlop (1864–1942) was the first and one of the most well known British suffragette to go on hunger strike, on 5 July 1909, after being arrested in July 1909 for militancy.[1]

Born in Inverness, Scotland and moved later to England. She was an artist who displayed her work at the Royal Academy in 1905 and 1906 and also worked as an illustrator. [2] She became an active member of the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) and was first arrested in 1908 for "obstruction" and again in 1908 for leading a group of women in a march. In 1909 she was arrested a third time, in this case for stenciling a passage from the Bill of Rights on a wall of the House of Commons which read, "It is the right of the subject to petition the King, and all commitments and prosecutions for such petitioning are illegal." [3][4] There was never any suggestion that anyone advised or recommended that she go on a hunger strike. All indications are that it was her idea. However, shortly after word got out, hunger-striking became standard suffragette practice. Christabel Pankhurst later reported: "Miss Wallace Dunlop, taking counsel with no one and acting entirely on her own initiative, sent to the Home Secretary, Mr. Gladstone, as soon as she entered Holloway Prison, an application to be placed in the first division as befitted one charged with a political offense. She announced that she would eat no food until this right was conceded."[5] Mrs. Pethick-Lawrence noted that Wallace-Dunlop had found a "new way of insisting upon the proper status of political prisoners, and had the resourcefulness and energy in the face of difficulties that marked the true suffragette." She was later helped design many of the WSPU processions to call for women's right to vote.

She endured 91 hours of fasting before she was released on the grounds of ill health. In September 1909, the British Government introduced force feeding in prisons. [6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Militant Suffrage Movement : Citizenship and Resistance in Britain, By Laura E. Nym Mayhall Assistant Professor of History Catholic University of America
  2. ^ Women's Suffrage Movement By Elizabeth Crawford
  3. ^ The Militant Suffrage Movement : Citizenship and Resistance in Britain, By Laura E. Nym Mayhall Assistant Professor of History Catholic University of America
  4. ^ Women's Suffrage Movement By Elizabeth Crawford
  5. ^ Spartacus article on Marion Dunlop Wallace
  6. ^ Hunger: A Modern History By James Vernon

External links[edit]

  • Lennon, Joseph (22 July 2009). "The hunger artist". The Times. Times Newspapers Ltd. Archived from the original on 9 January 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2014.  Detailed bio of Marion Wallace Dunlop's life.
  • Leneman, Leah. "Marion Wallace Dunlop". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 18 August 2014.