Mariquita Sánchez

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson
María Sánchez de Mendeville.jpg
María Sánchez de Mendeville (1845), portrait by Mauricio Rugendas (National Historical Museum).
Born María Josepha Petrona de Todos los Santos Sánchez de Velazco y Trillo
(1786-11-01)November 1, 1786
Buenos Aires, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata
Died October 23, 1868(1868-10-23) (aged 81)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Nationality Argentine
Occupation Socialite, politician, chronicler[1]
Known for Political activism before and after the May Revolution
Spouse(s) Martín Thompson
Washington de Mendeville

Catalina Thompson
Clementina Thompson
Albina Thompson
Magdalena Thompson
Juan Thompson
Julio Mendeville
Carlos Mendeville

Enrique Mendeville
Parents Cecilio Sánchez
Magdalena Trillo

María Josepha Petrona de Todos los Santos Sánchez de Velazco y Trillo de Thompson y Mendeville, better known as Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson (1 November 1786 – Buenos Aires, 23 October 1868), was a patriot from Buenos Aires and its leading salonnière, whose tertulia gathered all the leading personalities of her time. She is widely remembered in the Argentine historical tradition because the Argentine National Anthem was sung for the first time in her house, on 14 May 1813.

One of the first politically active Argentine women,[1] Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson has been considered the most active female figure in the revolutionary process. She was also a pioneering advocate of the need for education for women.[1]

She was born in Buenos Aires, and married her cousin, Martín Thompson, in 1805. She authored a description of the failed British invasions of Buenos Aires in 1806 and 1807. Her writings are most valued for their illustration of the ambivalence felt by the locals regarding the invasions.

She became a widow in 1817, and re-married in 1820, this time to the French expatriate Washington de Mendeville. During the rule of Juan Manuel de Rosas, she went voluntarily to exile in Montevideo, since her son Juan was among the opposition to the government. She returned to Buenos Aires after the Battle of Caseros.


  1. ^ a b c Soledad Vallejos (July 16, 2004). "Recuperando a Mariquita". Perfil. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 

External links[edit]