Maritime Alps

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Maritime Alps
French: Alpes maritimes
Maritime Alps.jpg
Maritime Alps
Highest point
Peak Monte Argentera
Elevation 3,297 m (10,817 ft)
Coordinates 44°10′45″N 7°18′18″E / 44.17917°N 7.30500°E / 44.17917; 7.30500
Geography
Countries France, Italy and Monaco
Region, Région Piedmont, Liguria
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Range coordinates 44°14′N 7°11′E / 44.23°N 7.18°E / 44.23; 7.18Coordinates: 44°14′N 7°11′E / 44.23°N 7.18°E / 44.23; 7.18
Parent range Alps
Borders on Ligurian Alps, Cottian Alps, Provence Alps and Prealps and Mediterranean sea
Geology
Orogeny Alpine orogeny

The Maritime Alps are a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps. They form the border between the French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur and the Italian regions of Piedmont and Liguria. They are the southernmost part of the Alps.

Geography[edit]

Administratively the range is divided between the Italian provinces of Cuneo and Imperia (eastern slopes) and the French department of Alpes-Maritimes (western slopes).

The Maritime Alps are drained by the rivers Roya, Var and Verdon and their tributaries on the French side; by the Stura di Demonte and other tributaries of the Tanaro and Po on the Italian side. There are many attractive perched villages, such as Belvédère at the entrance to the spectacular Gordolasque valley, some concealing unexpected architectural riches (for example in the south there are numerous churches decorated with murals and altar pieces by primitive Niçois painters).

Borders[edit]

The borders of the Maritime Alps are (anticlockwise):

Peaks[edit]

The main peaks of the Maritime Alps are:

Name Elevation
Monte Argentera 3,297 m
Monte Stella 3,262 m
Cime du Gélas 3,135 m
Cima di Masta 3,108 m
Monte Matto 3,097 m
Mont Pelat 3,053 m
Mont Clapier 3,046 m
Mont Ténibre 3,032 m
Enciastraia 2,955 m
Mont Bégo 2,872 m
Mont Mounier 2,818 m
Roche de l'Abisse 2,755 m

Passes[edit]

Col d'allos (2,250 m)

The chief passes of the Maritime Alps are:

Name Location Type Elevation
Col de la Bonette Tinée Valley to Barcelonnette Road (minor loop climbs to 2,802 m) 2715
Col de Restefond Col de la Bonette to Barcelonnette Road 2680
Bassa di Druos Tinée Valley to Terme di Valdieri Bridle path 2630
Colle di Ciriegia Saint-Martin-Vésubie to Terme di Valdieri Bridle path 2551
Col des Granges Communes Saint-Étienne-de-Tinée to Barcelonnette Bridle path 2512
Col de Pourriac Tinee Valley to Argentera Foot path 2506
Colle di Guercia Tinee Valley to Vinadio Foot path 2451
Col de la Lombarde Isola to Vinadio Road 2350
Col de la Cayolle Var River valley to Barcelonnette Road 2327
Col du Sabion Tende to Valdieri Bridle path 2264
Col d'Allos Verdon River valley to Barcelonnette Road 2250
Maddalena Pass Barcelonnette to Cuneo Road 1995
Col de Tende Tende to Cuneo Road, road tunnel
Railway tunnel
1873
Col de Turini Vésubie river valley to Sospel Road 1607

Nature conservation[edit]

The French Mercantour National Park (central area:68,500 ha + peripheral area:140,000 ha [1]) is part of the Maritime Alps as well as the Parco naturale delle Alpi Marittime, an Italian regional nature park of 28,455 ha.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Le Parc national du Mercantour, www.vesubian.com (accessed on April 2012)
  2. ^ Parco delle Alpi Marittime, web-site of the park on www.parks.it (accessed on April 2012)

Maps[edit]