Marjorie Jackson-Nelson

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Marjorie Jackson-Nelson
AC CVO MBE DStJ
Marjorie Jackson.jpg
33rd Governor of South Australia
In office
3 November 2001 – 8 August 2007
Monarch Queen Elizabeth II
Premier Rob Kerin 2001–02
Mike Rann 2002–07
Preceded by Sir Eric Neal
Succeeded by Kevin Scarce
Personal details
Born (1931-09-13) 13 September 1931 (age 82)
Coffs Harbour, New South Wales
Nationality Australian
Spouse(s) Peter Nelson 1953-1977
his death
Residence Marion, South Australia
Medal record
Representing  Australia
Women's athletics
Olympic Games
Gold 1952 Helsinki 100 m
Gold 1952 Helsinki 200 m
British Empire and
Commonwealth Games
Gold 1950 Auckland 100 yards
Gold 1950 Auckland 220 yards
Gold 1950 Auckland 3×110/220 yd
Gold 1950 Auckland 4×110/220 yd
Gold 1954 Vancouver 100 yards
Gold 1954 Vancouver 220 yards
Gold 1954 Vancouver 4×110 yards

Marjorie Jackson-Nelson AC CVO MBE DStJ (born 13 September 1931) is a former Governor of South Australia and a former Australian athlete. She finished her sporting career with two Olympic and seven Commonwealth Games Gold Medals, ten world records and every Australian State and National title she contested from 1950–1954.[1]

Biography[edit]

Marjorie Jackson was born in Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, and first gained fame when she defeated reigning Olympic 100 and 200 metres champion Fanny Blankers-Koen a number of times in 1949, thus earning the nickname "the Lithgow Flash", after the New South Wales town of Lithgow where she lived and had grown up.[2]

Having won four titles at the 1950 British Empire Games, Jackson came as a favourite to the Helsinki 1952 Summer Olympics. She won both the 100 m, in a then-World-Record-equalling time of 11.5, and the 200 m, winning the first Olympic athletics titles for Australia since Edwin Flack in 1896. Having more strong runners in the team, the Australian 4 x 100 m relay team was also a favourite for the gold, but a faulty exchange meant Jackson's chances for third gold medal were gone. The Americans, anchored by Catherine Hardy (later Lavender), won in an upset, setting a new world record time of 45.9 seconds. Later in 1952, Jackson lowered the 100m World Record time to 11.4, running this new record in a meet at Gifu, Japan on 4 October 1952.

In 1953 Jackson married Olympic cyclist Peter Nelson. After his death from leukaemia in 1977, she launched the Peter Nelson Leukaemia Research Fellowship.

Marjorie Jackson-Nelson was one of the eight flag-bearers of the Olympic Flag at the opening ceremony of the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney.

In late 2001, Marjorie Jackson-Nelson was appointed Governor of South Australia. She relinquished the office on 31 July 2007.

On 15 March 2006, Marjorie Jackson-Nelson was one of the final four runners who carried the Queen's Baton around the MCG stadium during the 2006 Commonwealth Games Opening Ceremony in Melbourne.

On 6 June 2007, it was announced that a new medical facility to be built in Adelaide will be named the "Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Hospital". On 18 February 2009, Premier Mike Rann agreed to remove her name from the planned hospital.

She also has a road named in honour of her at the Sydney Olympic Park, beside the Sydney Superdome (now Allphones Arena).

Honours[edit]

She is also a Dame of the Order of St John of Jerusalem and a Freeman of the City of London.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Olympic Order for Lithgow Flash". The Canberra Times. 16 July 2007. p. 4. 
  2. ^ Jackson Nelson, Marjorie (31 May 2004). GNT History (transcript). Interview with George Negus. George Negus Tonight. ABC1. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  3. ^ It's an Honour – Member of the Order of the British Empire
  4. ^ "Marjorie Jackson Nelson AC CVO MBE". Sport Australia Hall of Fame. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  5. ^ It's an Honour – Companion of the Order of Australia
  6. ^ It's an Honour – Commander of the Royal Victorian Order

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Eric Neal
Governor of South Australia
2001–2007
Succeeded by
Kevin Scarce