Markörgis Khan

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Markörgis
Khagan of the Mongols
Reign 1455–65
Predecessor Esen
Successor Molon Khan
Full name
Markörgis Ükegtü Khan
House Borjigin (Post-Imperial Mongolia)
Father Tayisung Khan Toghtoa Bukha
Mother Samar taifu
Born 1448(?)
Mongolia
Died 1465
Mongolia

Markörgis (or Markos, Marku) (1448–1465) was a Mongol Khan of the Post-Imperial Mongolia. Some scholars believe his name is a Christian name.

Markörgis was the youngest son of Tayisung Khan Toghtoa Bukha and his youngest khatun, Samar. Soon after Esen was killed, his mother, Samar, attacked the Four Oirads at Khangai Zavkhan. During the campaign, 8 year-old Markörgis was taken in a box on horseback, thus to be later called Ükegtü Khagan. They defeated the Oirads and returned with plundered goods.

After that Samar taifu and Dogholon taishi of the seven Tümeds crowned the boy Khagan. Bulay of the Kharchin and Dogholon held the real power, and constantly fought each other for dominance. Markörgis was given the title Ükegtü because he sat inside a cart during the battles.

Bulay tried to open trade relations with Ming China but was declined. Bulay repeatedly invaded China in 1460 and 1461. He also attacked the Uriyangkhai Doyin guard (tributary of the Ming) in the next year. The Ming court finally agreed to establish peace with the Mongols.

In 1465, the Mongol nobles openly went to war against each other in their power struggle and Markörgis Ükegtü Khan was killed as a result. The young khan was succeeded by his eldest half-brother Molon Khan Tögüs Mengke.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Societas Uralo-Altaica - Ural-Altaische Jahrbücher, Volumes 7-8, p.193
Markörgis Khan
Died: 1465
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Esen of the Oirad
Khagan of the Post-Imperial Mongolia
1455–1465
Succeeded by
Molon Khan