19 May 1960|
Portrush, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland
|Died||11 February 1987
|Occupation||Gay rights activist|
|Communist Party of Great Britain|
|Movement||Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners 1984-1985 (co-founder), Young Communist League 1982-1987 (General Secretary 1985-1987)|
Ashton was born in Portrush, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland. He studied at the former Northern Ireland Hotel and Catering College in Portrush, before moving to London in the late 1970s and be employed as barman (and drag queen) in the Conservative Club.
In 1982 he spent three months in Bangladesh to visit his parents, his father was working there in the textile machinery industry. The experience of his sojourn had a profound effect on him. At his return, he volunteered to the London Lesbian and Gay Switchboard, supported the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and joined the Young Communist League. In 1983 he featured in the Lesbian and Gay Youth Video Project film Framed Youth: Revenge of the Teenage Perverts(pl), an early documentary which won the Grierson Award for Best Documentary.
He formed, with his friend Mike Jackson, the Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners (LGSM) support group, after the two men collected donations for the miners on strike at the 1984 Lesbian and Gay Pride march in London. The group's activities were dramatised in Pride, a film released in September 2014, in which Mark is played by Ben Schnetzer (nominee for BIFA Award for Best Supporting Actor for this role). Mark's role in the Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners group was recalled in a series of interviews with some of its other members prior to the film's release.
Diagnosed with HIV/AIDS, Mark was admitted to Guy's Hospital on 30 January 1987 and died 12 days later of Pneumocystis pneumonia. His death prompted significant response from the gay community, particularly in publication and attendance at his funeral at Lambeth Cemetery.
In his memory, the Mark Ashton Trust was created to raise money for individuals suffering from HIV, and as of 2007[update] it had raised £20,000. Since 2008, the Terrence Higgins Trust has included the Mark Ashton Red Ribbon Fund, which had collected more than £14,000 as of 2014[update]. Mark Asthon is also remembered on a panel on the UK AIDS Memorial Quilt.
The ballad "For a Friend" in the album Red from the British pop duo The Communards was written in his memory. Mark Ashton was a friend of Jimmy Somerville and Richard Coles. Mark Hooper of The Rough Guide to Rock writes that this cut may be Somerville's "most impassioned moment". For a Friend reached number 28 on the British charts.
- Doward 2014.
- Skeates 2007.
- Birch 2007.
- Coles 2014.
- Birch 1994.
- Kelliher 2014.
- Framed Youth: Revenge of the Teenage Perverts at the Internet Movie Database
- Framed Youth Revenge of the Teenage Perverts (1983) at the British Film Institute's Film and TV Database
- Kellaway 2014.
- Robinson 2007, p. 170.
- Taylor & Keay 2006.
- Birch, Chris. "The Mark Ashton Red Ribbon Fund".
- "HIV Quilt Comes Out in May". George House Trust. 21 February 2007. Archived from the original on 21 June 2008.
- Hooper 2003, p. 221–222.
- Kellman, Andy. "Review: Red". Allmusic.
- Warwick, Kutner & Brown 2004, p. 256.
- Jean Genet Is Dead at the Internet Movie Database
- Murray 1998, p. 56.
- Birch, Chris (April 1994). "Mark Ashton - Panel No: 69". AIDSquilt.org.uk. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012.
- Birch, Chris (28 January 2007). "Mark Ashton". Gone Too Soon. All Points North.
- Coles, Richard (2014). Fathomless Riches: Or How I Went From Pop to Pulpit. Hachette UK. ISBN 978-0-297-87031-9.
- Doward, Jamie (21 September 2014). "The real-life triumphs of the gay communist behind hit movie Pride". The Guardian.
- Fischer, Mark (25 September 2014). "Moving and inspiring. Matthew Warchus (director) Pride general release". Weekly Worker (1027).
- Frost, Peter (11 September 2014). "‘Pits and Perverts:’ The Legacy of Communist Mark Ashton". Morning Star.
- Hall–Carpenter Archives (1989). "Mark Ashton: Five Friends Remember". Walking After Midnight: Gay Men's Life Stories. Routledge. pp. 205–223. ISBN 978-0-415-02957-5. OL 15164674W.
- Hooper, Mark (2003). Buckley, Peter, ed. The Rough Guide to Rock (3rd ed.). Rough Guides. ISBN 978-1-84353-105-0. OL 9016361W.
- Kellaway, Kate (31 August 2014). "When miners and gay activists united: the real story of the film Pride". The Guardian.
- Kelliher, Diarmaid (2014). "Solidarity and Sexuality: Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners 1984–5". History Workshop Journal (Oxford Journals) 77 (1): 240–262. doi:10.1093/hwj/dbt012.
- Kutner, Jon (28 October 2012). "For A Friend (Communards)".
- Murray, Raymond (1998). Images in the Dark: An Encyclopedia of Gay and Lesbian Film and Video. Titan Books. ISBN 978-1-84023-033-8. OL 647635W.
- Robinson, Lucy (2007). Gay men and the left in post-war Britain: how the personal got political. Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-7434-9. OL 21837097M.
- Skeates, Les (1 March 2007). "Remembering Mark Ashton and Some 'Lost' Time". Outside The Gates. Archived from the original on 13 August 2007.
- Taylor, David G; Keay, Jon (June 2006). "Mark Ashton remembered". Positive Nation (123). Archived from the original on 11 January 2009.
- Warwick, Neil; Kutner, Jon; Brown, Tony (2004). The Complete Book of the British charts: Singles & Albums. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-1-84449-058-5. OL 8955386M.
- Wilson, Colin (21 September 2014). "Dear Love of Comrades: The politics of Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners". rs21.
- "‘Mark was a very popular guy - he knew everyone’, says close friend". Coleraine Times. 10 September 2014.
|Party political offices|
|General Secretary of the Young Communist League