Mark Bonham Carter, Baron Bonham-Carter

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Mark Bonham Carter

Mark Raymond Bonham Carter, Baron Bonham-Carter (11 February 1922 – 4 September 1994), was an English publisher and politician. He was created a life peer in 1986.

Early life[edit]

He was the son of the Liberal activists Sir Maurice Bonham Carter and his wife, the former Lady Violet Asquith, daughter of the Liberal Prime Minister H. H. Asquith. He was the second youngest of four children; Helen, Laura and Raymond.

Educated at Winchester College and Balliol College, Oxford, where he read PPE, his studies were interrupted by the Second World War, and was commissioned in the Grenadier Guards in November 1941.[1] Captured in Tunisia in 1943 and imprisoned in Italy, he escaped and walked four hundred miles to return to British lines, being mentioned in dispatches. Bonham Carter concluded the war by standing as the unsuccessful Liberal candidate for Barnstaple in the 1945 general election,[2] before returning to finish the last year of his course at Oxford. He then spent a year at the University of Chicago before going into publishing, working for the Collins publishing firm but left as his directors did not agree with his political activities.[3]

In 1955, he married Leslie, Lady St. Just, the former wife of Peter George Grenfell, 2nd Baron St. Just and the younger daughter of American magazine publisher Conde Nast. By her, Bonham Carter had three daughters, Jane, Virginia and Eliza Bonham Carter; he also had a stepdaughter from his wife's former marriage.

Torrington[edit]

Bonham Carter's family continued its heavy involvement in Liberal politics, especially when his sister Laura married the Liberal leader Jo Grimond. It was in 1958 that the Torrington by-election was called in a safe Conservative seat, and Bonham Carter became the Liberal candidate. Much to everyone's surprise, he won, overturning a 9,000 majority, and giving the Liberals their first by-election gain since 1929. Bonham Carter's margin of victory was extremely slim — just 219 votes. Nonetheless, it was a major boost to the success-deprived Liberals, and was the first in a string of by-election victories that would make up the post-war Liberal Revival. Grimond was personally hopeful that the articulate Bonham Carter would be his designated successor, but it was not to be - at the 1959 general election, just 18 months after his victory, he narrowly lost the seat to the Conservatives. He continued to be a close advisor to Grimond throughout the latter's leadership, but would never again be an MP, despite a third, unsuccessful, and equally close candidature for Torrington in the 1964 general election.

Later life[edit]

Bonham Carter found other outlets for his political and publishing interests. He continued to work as a prominent member of the Collins firm, becoming close friends with Roy Jenkins as his literary agent. He became the first Chairman of the Race Relations Board 1966–1971, and its successor, the Community Relations Commission 1971–1977. He was also prominent in the Arts world, as one of the Directors of the Royal Opera House 1958–1982, a Governor of the Royal Ballet 1960–1994 (Chairman of the Board after 1985), and Vice-chairman of the BBC 1975–1980, being vetoed as Chairman by Margaret Thatcher. In 1986 he was given a life peerage as Baron Bonham-Carter, of Yarnbury in the County of Wiltshire. He became Foreign Affairs spokesman for the Liberal Democrats. His last campaign focussed on granting British citizenship to ethnic minorities in Hong Kong, a measure that was only passed after his death. He was also an uncle of the actress Helena Bonham Carter.

He died from a heart attack in Italy on 4 September 1994.

Arms[edit]

Arms of Mark Bonham Carter, Baron Bonham-Carter
Coronet
A Coronet of a Baron
Crest
1st, A Lion's Head erased Or between two Estoiles each within the horns of a Crescent Azure (Carter); 2nd, A Dragon's Head erased Argent guttée de sang between two Fountains (Bonham)
Escutcheon
Quarterly: 1st and 4th, Azure two Lions combatant Or collared and lined Gules supporting with their interior paws a Mural Crown Gold (Carter); 2nd and 3rd, Gules a Sword erect between in chief two Cross Crosslets fitchée Argent over all a Chevron of the last (Bonham)
Motto
Trusty to the end

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35385. p. 7169. 16 December 1941. Retrieved 2008-04-28.
  2. ^ Baker, pp.62-3
  3. ^ Baker, p.64

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hon. George Lambert
Member of Parliament for Torrington
1958–1959
Succeeded by
Percy Browne