Mark Municipality

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Mark Municipality
Marks kommun
Municipality
Coat of arms of Mark Municipality
Coat of arms

Nickname(s): Tygriket

"The Fabric Kingdom"
Mark Municipality in Västra Götaland County.png
Country  Sweden
County Västra Götaland County
Established in 1971
Seat Kinna
Area[1]
 • Total 1,013.2 km2 (391.2 sq mi)
 • Land 929.25 km2 (358.79 sq mi)
 • Water 83.95 km2 (32.41 sq mi)
  Area as of January 1, 2014.
Population (December 31, 2013)[2]
 • Total 33,753
 • Density 33/km2 (86/sq mi)
Demonym Marbo
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43499 -to- 51997
Area code(s) 0320
ISO 3166 code SE
Province Västergötland
Municipal code 1463
Website www.mark.se

Mark Municipality (Marks kommun) is a municipality in Västra Götaland County in southwest Sweden.

The municipal seat is located in the center of Kinna town.

The municipality was created through the Municipal Reform Act of 1971 by the amalgamation of eight smaller municipal entities.

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was created and granted with the municipality in 1974. The colours of Gold and Black on the shield represents power and solidity.

The grain represents the history of agriculture in the region.

The circles symbolises four canon balls, representing the wars fought between Denmark and Sweden in the greater Mark region.

The weavers shuttle-tool represents the historical tradition of textile workmanship in the region, which the region is famours for nationwide.

History[edit]

Medieval times[edit]

The word Mark comes from an old documented district called Mark Härad that existed in the southern parts of the region sometime during the 13th century.

The word Mark is believed too be an old swedish name for "border" or "edge". During the medieval times the district of Mark Härad (now Mark municipality) was situated right at the border region between the Kingdom of Denmark and Kingdom of Sweden.

Several wars were fought in the region which during medieval times and it is no uncommon that farmers accidentialy unearthen old remains and weapons when plowing the fields.

The fields close to Öresten Fortress have been the place for most of the relic findings. Öresten Fortress was originally built by the danes and the first documented nobleman to rule and inhabit the fortress was

Tyge Puder (1364-1384/86). The fortress was conquered by the swedish army during the battle of Öresten in 1470 when the danish king Kristian the First lost the battle against Sten Sture the Oldest.

The fortress was later destroyed in early 1500 and is now a protected historical sight open to the public year-round.

In 1682, as a sign of the times, the local governance established a place of execution outside Skene village called Galgbacken (eng: The hill of hanging). Thieves where executed there as well as those judged as witches where burned on the stake. In 1934 archeologists found the buried remains of those that where executed.

The Industrial revolution[edit]

The Mark region was the cradle of Swedens textile industry and has since the late 18th century been known as the Fabric Kingdom due to the widespread textile workmanship that comes from the region. It was from Mark that several of the nationwide travelling salesmen where based, spreading high-quality fabric manufacturing thoughout the county. The region later evolved into a national industrial center for sewing, dyeing and textile manufacturing after the industrial revolution.

The biggest textile factories of the time was Kungsfors Textilfabrik in central Skene, Fritsla Textilfabrik in Fritsla, Rydal Textilfabrik in Rydal. As of 2014 none of those factories remain in use but the old factory in Rydal has been converted into a museum for the regions textile and entrepreneur heritage.

Modern Era[edit]

In 1971 Mark Municipality was created out of a consolidation of eight smaller municipalities. The common name given to the municipality was Mark, sigifying the historical events taken place which is also manifested in it's shield.

During the early 80s most of the textile factories had dissapeared and only a few remained.

Today there are only three major textile and dyeing factories remaining: Almedahls (central Kinna), Ekelund (central Horred), Ludvig Svensson (outskirts of Kinna).

Throughout Mark municipality the textile heritage has been preserved and the region is famous for its textile "know-how" and specialist production. The region is home to swedens largest manufacturer of fire hoses, bulletproof materials and filtering equipment.

Roads & Communications[edit]

Mark Municipality have excellent road, rail and public transport links to the major cities in the county.

Within 1 hour it is possible to travel to Gothenburg (swe: Göteborg - Swedens 2nd largest city) by car or bus from the stations in Kinna and Skene.

The major roads in and out of Mark Municiplaity[edit]

Road R156 - west to Göteborg (eng:Gothenburg) / east to Svenljunga.

Road R41 - north to Borås / south to Varberg.

Public transport (bus & train)[edit]

All public transport options are trafficked by the regional Västtrafik (eng: West traffic) company.

Bus 300 & 330 on the West-East route Gothenburg-Sätila-Skene-Kinna.

Bus 450 on the Northern route Skene-Borås.

Train on the North-South route Borås-Kinna-Skene-Varberg

Towns & Villages[edit]

Major Towns[edit]

  • Kinna (municipal seat)
  • Skene

Minor Towns[edit]

  • Örby
  • Fritsla

Villages[edit]

  • Horred
  • Haby
  • Sätila
  • Björketorp
  • Hyssna
  • Hajom
  • Tostared
  • Istorp
  • Berghem
  • Rydal
  • Kinnaström
  • Öxabäck

International sister cities[edit]

Mark Municipality has three sister cities. The Municipality has been focusing on finding sister cities that shares a tradition in textile manufacturing.

  • Apolda (Germany) - since 1994.
  • Szamotuły (Poland) - since 1988. Friendly ties where created because of the awakened awareness of nuclear power in Szamotuły, who wanted contacts with Swedish cities because of Sweden's ongoing nuclear debates.
  • Ontinyent (Spain) - since 2003.

Bordering municipalities[edit]

To the east: Svenljunga Municipality

To the north: Bollebyggd Municipality, Borås Municipality, Härryda Municipality

To the south: Varberg Municipality (Halland County)

To the west: Kungsbacka Municipality (Halland County)

Sports & Pastimes[edit]

There are over 60 major sporting and pastime clubs throughout Mark Municipality. The major ones are:

Clubs[edit]

Name (Hometown / Year - Field)

Fotskäl Hockey Club (Fotskäl / 1972 - Icehockey)

Skene IF (Skene / XXXX - Soccer)

Skene SoIS (Skene / XXXX - Swimming & Orientation & General athletics)

Kinna IF (Kinna / 1922 - Soccer & Orientation)

Skene Motorsällskap (Skene / 1955 - Rallycross & Motocross)

Marks Amatörradio Klubb "SK6BA" (Skene / 1991 - Ham radio)

Marks GK (Kinna / 1962 - Golf)

Marbo BK (Kinna / 1969 - Basketball)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°31′N 12°41′E / 57.517°N 12.683°E / 57.517; 12.683