Mark Municipality

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mark Municipality
Marks kommun
Municipality
Coat of arms of Mark Municipality
Coat of arms
Mark Municipality in Västra Götaland County.png
Country Sweden
County Västra Götaland County
Seat Kinna
Area[1]
 • Total 1,013.2 km2 (391.2 sq mi)
 • Land 929.25 km2 (358.79 sq mi)
 • Water 83.95 km2 (32.41 sq mi)
  Area as of January 1, 2014.
Population (December 31, 2013)[2]
 • Total 33,753
 • Density 33/km2 (86/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43499 -to- 51997
Area code(s) 0320
ISO 3166 code SE
Province Västergötland
Municipal code 1463
Website www.mark.se

Mark Municipality (Marks kommun) is a municipality in Västra Götaland County in western Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Kinna.

The municipality was created with the municipal reform of 1971 by the amalgamation of eight previous entities. Most of them had themselves been formed by the 1952 municipal reform. The number of original (as of 1863) entities is 19. The name of the municipality stems from an old hundred which had approximately the same area.

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was created and granted with the municipality in the 1970s.

The colours of Gold and Black symbolises power and solidity.

The grain symbolises the history of farming and agriculture in the region.

The circles signifies four canon balls, representing the wars fought between Denmark and Sweden in the Mark region.

The weaver shuttle tool represents the historical tradition of textile workmanship in the region, for which it is famours for nationwide.

History[edit]

Medieval times[edit]

The word Mark comes from an old documented district called Mark Härad that existed in the southern parts of the region sometime during the 13th century.

The word Mark is believed too be an old swedish name for "border" or "edge". During the medieval times the district of Mark Härad (now Mark municipality) was situated right at the border region between the Kingdom of Denmark and Kingdom of Sweden.

Several wars were fought in the region which during medieval times and it is no uncommon that farmers accidentialy unearthen old remains and weapons when plowing the fields.

The fields close to Öresten Fortress have been the place for most of the relic findings. Öresten Fortress was originaly built by the danes and the first documented nobleman to rule and inhabit the fortress was

Tyge Puder (1364-1384/86). The fortress was conquered by the swedish army during the battle of Öresten in 1470 when the danish king Kristian the First lost the battle against Sten Sture the Oldest.

The fortress was later destroyed in early 1500 and is now a protected historical sight open to the public year-round.

The Industrial revolution[edit]

The Mark region has since the late 18th century been known as the Fabric Kingdom due to the heavy and wide spread textile workmanship in the region. It was from Mark that several of the nationwide travelling salesmen during those times where based and the region later evolved into an industrial center during the industrial revolution.

During the early parts of the 20th century the industrial revolution sparked the mass-building of textile factories in the region, the biggest being Kungsfors Textilfabrik in central Skene and Fritsla Textilfabrik in Fritsla.

Modern Era[edit]

During the late 1960s Mark Municipality was created out of a consolidation of eight smaller municipalities. The common name given to the municipality was Mark, sigifying the historical events taken place which is also manifested in it's shield.

During the early 80s most of the textile factories had dissapeared and only a few remained. Today there are only three major textile and dyeing factries left: Almedahls (central Kinna), Ekelund (central Horred), Ludvig Svensson (outside Kinna).

Throughout Mark municipality the textile heritage has been preserved and the region is famous for its textile "know-how" and specialist production. The region is home to swedens largest manufacturer of fire hoses, bulletproof materials and filtering equipment.

Towns & Villages[edit]

Major Towns[edit]

Kinna

Skene

Örby

Villages[edit]

Fritsla

Horred

Sätila

Hyssna

Sister cities[edit]

Mark Municipality has three sister cities. They have been focusing on towns or municipalities that also has a significant textile industry.

  • Szamotuły in Poland (since 1988). Sparked because of the awakened awareness of nuclear power in Szamotuły, who wanted contacts with Swedish cities because of Sweden's ongoing nuclear debates.
  • Apolda in eastern Germany (circa 1994/1995)
  • Ontinyent in Spain (since 2003)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°31′N 12°41′E / 57.517°N 12.683°E / 57.517; 12.683