|Born||David Mark Rylance Waters
18 January 1960
Ashford, Kent, England, UK
|Occupation||Actor, theatre director, playwright|
|Spouse(s)||Claire van Kampen|
Mark Rylance (born 18 January 1960) is an English actor, theatre director and playwright.
As an actor, Rylance found success on stage and screen. For his work in theatre he has won Olivier and Tony Awards among others, and a BAFTA TV Award. His film roles include Ferdinand in Prospero's Books (based on Shakespeare's The Tempest), Jay in Intimacy (after a novel by Hanif Kureishi) and Jakob von Gunten in Institute Benjamenta (after a novel by Robert Walser).
He was the first Artistic Director of Shakespeare's Globe in London, from 1995 to 2005.
Life and career 
Early years 
Rylance was born David Mark Rylance Waters in Ashford, Kent, the son of David and Anne (née Skinner) Waters, both English teachers (as an adult, he took the stage name of Mark Rylance because the name Mark Waters was already taken by someone else registered with Equity). In 1962, when he was two, his parents moved to Connecticut in the United States and in 1969, to Wisconsin, where his father taught English at a private school, the University School of Milwaukee. Rylance later attended the school, where he began acting. His first notable role was Hamlet in a 1976 production (with his own father as the First Gravedigger), and the next year he played Romeo in the school's production of Romeo and Juliet. In addition to acting, Rylance designed lighting and helped compose music for the school's productions. He often soloed in the school choir.
With considerable juvenile experience already in hand, Rylance won a scholarship by audition to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts (RADA) in London. There he trained from 1978–1980 under Hugh Cruttwell, and with Barbara Bridgmont at the Chrysalis Theatre School, Balham, London. In 1980 he got his first professional work at the Glasgow Citizens' Theatre.
In 1988, Rylance played Hamlet with the RSC in Ron Daniels' acclaimed production that toured Ireland and Britain for a year. The play then ran in Stratford-upon-Avon, where Mark alternated Hamlet with Romeo in the production of Romeo and Juliet that inaugurated the rebuilt Swan Theatre in Stratford. Hamlet toured to the United States for two years.
In 1990, Rylance and Claire van Kampen (later his wife) founded "Phoebus' Cart", their own theatre company. The following year, the company staged The Tempest on the road in unique, unusual sites.
Also in 1991, Rylance played the lead in Gillies Mackinnon's film The Grass Arena (1991), and won the BBC Radio Times Award for Best Newcomer. In 1993, he starred in Matthew Warchus' production of Much Ado About Nothing at the Queen's Theatre, produced by Thelma Holt. His Benedick won him an Olivier Award for Best Actor.
In 2005, he took the leading role as British weapons expert David Kelly in Peter Kosminsky's The Government Inspector, an award-winning Channel 4 production for which he himself won the British Academy Television Award for Best Actor in 2005.
In 2007, Rylance performed in Boeing Boeing in London. In 2008, he reprised the role on Broadway and subsequently won Drama Desk and Tony Awards for his performance. (For his acceptance speech for the Tony, Rylance recited a work by poet Louis Jenkins).
In 2010 he starred in a revival of David Hirson's verse play La Bête, with David Hyde Pierce and Joanna Lumley. The play ran first at London's Comedy Theatre before transferring to the Music Box Theatre on Broadway, on 23 September 2010.
Also in 2010, Rylance won another Olivier award for best actor in the role of Johnny Byron in Jerusalem at the Apollo Theatre, London. In 2011 he won his second Tony Award for playing the same role in the Broadway production (for his acceptance speech, he again recited a Louis Jenkins poem).
Globe Theatre 
In 1995, Rylance became the first Artistic Director of Shakespeare's Globe Theatre, a post he filled until 2005. Rylance directed and acted in every season, in works by Shakespeare and others, notably in all-male productions of Twelfth Night where he starred as Olivia, and Richard II where he took the title role. Under his directorate, new plays were performed at the Globe, the first being Augustine's Oak (referring to Augustine of Canterbury and Christianisation of Anglo-Saxon England) by Peter Oswald, the writer-in-residence, which was performed in 1999. A second play by Oswald followed in 2002: The Golden Ass or the Curious Man. In 2005, Oswald's third play written for the Globe was performed for the first time: The Storm, an adaptation of Plautus' comedy Rudens (The Rope) – one of the sources of Shakespeare's The Tempest. Other historical first nights were organised by Rylance while director of the Globe including Twelfth Night performed in 2002 at Middle Temple, to commemorate its first performance there exactly 400 years before, and Measure for Measure at Hampton Court in summer 2004.
Shakespeare controversy 
On 8 September 2007 Derek Jacobi and Mark Rylance unveiled a Declaration of Reasonable Doubt on the authorship of Shakespeare's work, after the final matinée of I am Shakespeare, a play in Chichester, Sussex.
The actual author was proposed to be Christopher Marlowe, Francis Bacon, the Earl of Oxford, Edward de Vere or Mary Sidney (Mary Sidney Herbert, Countess of Pembroke). The declaration named 20 prominent doubters of the past, including Mark Twain, Orson Welles, John Gielgud and Charlie Chaplin and was made by Shakespeare Authorship Coalition duly signed online by 300 people to begin new research. Jacobi and Rylance presented a copy of the document to William Leahy, head of English at Brunel University, London.
Rylance wrote (co-conceived by John Dove) and starred in The BIG Secret Live—I am Shakespeare—Webcam Daytime Chatroom Show (A comedy of Shakespearean identity crisis) which toured England in 2007.
Personal life 
In 1992 he married Claire van Kampen whom he met while working at the National Theatre. His stepdaughter is actress Juliet Rylance, who is married to actor Christian Camargo. His younger stepdaughter, filmmaker Nataasha Van Kampen, died in July 2012 at the age of twenty-eight, as a result of which Rylance withdrew from his planned participation in the 2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony.
Mark Rylance has been a supporter of the indigenous rights organisation Survival International for many years. He is the creator and director of "We Are One, a celebration of tribal peoples", a fundraising to take place at the Apollo Theatre, Shaftesbury Avenue on Sunday 18 April 2010. The evening was a performance of tribal prose and poetry from some of the UK and Hollywood’s leading actors and musicians. About the event he has said: ”As a child, I was enriched and inspired by the lives and stories of the world's tribal peoples. As an adult, I have also been inspired by the ceaseless work of the organisation Survival International, and their movement to protect these tribes – from the rainforest of the Amazon to the icy reaches of the Arctic...To celebrate 40 years of Survival's work and enjoy the beauty of the spoken word from such rich oral cultures, I am gathering my friends from the theatre on the set of Jerusalem for a wonderful spring afternoon of eloquent recitals and stunning images from 'We are One’."
He is also patron of The Outside Edge Theatre Company. Edge works from the perspective of creating theatre and drama with people affected by substance misuse. It provides theatre interventions in drug and alcohol treatment and general community facilities throughout London and the UK as well as producing professional public theatre productions that take place in theatres, studio theatres and art centres. Mark is "a great admirer of the company's work" believing it to be "proper initiatory old style theatre".
|Year||Period||Theatrical Performance||Theatrical Character||Theatre of Performance||Accolades|
|1981||Desperado Corner||Citizens' Theatre, Glasgow|
|1982||The Tempest||Ariel||(Performing with the RSC)|
|Romeo and Juliet||Romeo|
|1993||Henry V||Henry V||TFANA, New York|
|Much Ado About Nothing||Benedick||Queens Theatre||Won the Olivier Award for Best Actor|
|1994||As You Like It||Touchstone||TFANA, New York|
|True West||Lee/Austin||Donmar Warehouse|
|2000||Live x 3||Henry||Royal National Theatre|
|2007||Boeing Boeing||Robert||Comedy Theatre||Nominated for the Olivier Award in 2008 for Best Actor|
|I am Shakespeare||Frank||UK tour|
|2008||Peer Gynt||Peer Gynt||Guthrie Theater, Minneapolis|
|Boeing Boeing||Robert||Longacre Theatre, NYC||Won 2008 Tony Award, Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play|
|2009||Jul-Aug||Jerusalem by Jez Butterworth||Johnny Byron||Royal Court Theatre||Won 2009 Critics' Circle Theatre Award for Best Actor|
|Oct-Dec||Endgame by Samuel Beckett||Hamm||Duchess Theatre|
|2010||Jan-Apr||Jerusalem by Jez Butterworth||Johnny Byron||Apollo Theatre||Won the Olivier Award for Best Actor|
|Jun-Aug||La Bete by David Hirson||Valere||Comedy Theatre||Nominated for the Olivier Award in 2011 for Best Actor|
|Sept-Feb||Music Box Theatre, Broadway||-|
|Apr-Aug||Jerusalem by Jez Butterworth||Johnny Byron||Music Box Theatre, Broadway||Won 2011 Tony Award, Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play|
|2012||Nov-||alternating in||Richard III / Olivia||Apollo Theatre|
Nice Fish by Mark Rylance and Louis Jenkins
Shakespeare's Globe Theatre 
Along with Rylance's stage performances, he has had many appearances at the recently recreated Shakespeare's Globe Theatre in Southwark, London on the South Bank of the River Thames. Noted for being one of the finest Shakespearean actors of recent times; his performances at Shakespeare's Globe are noted for being amongst his finest works.
|Year||Performance||Theatrical Role||Accolades / Notes|
|1996||The Two Gentlemen of Verona||Proteus|
|1997||A Chaste Maid in Cheapside||Mr Allwit|
|Henry V||Henry V|
|1998||The Merchant of Venice||Bassanio|
|The Honest Whore||Hippolito|
|1999||Antony and Cleopatra||Cleopatra|
|2001||Cymbeline||Cloten||(toured to New York in March 2002)|
|2002||The Golden Ass (Apuleius' ancient novel adapted by Peter Oswald)||Lucius|
|Twelfth Night||Olivia||Won the Olivier critics award, (toured to US cities in autumn of 2003: LA, Chicago etc.)|
|2003||Richard II||Richard II||(also broadcast on BBC Four)|
|2004||Measure for Measure||Duke Vincentio||(also TV broadcast on BBC Four and toured to US cities in autumn 2005)|
|2005||The Tempest||Prospero / Stephano / Sebastian / Alonso|
|The Storm||Daemones / Labrax / The Weather ("you can call me Clement")|
|2012||Richard III||Richard III|
Film & television 
|Wallenberg: A Hero's Story||Nikki Fodor||Television role|
|1987||Hearts of Fire||Fizz|
|1991||The Grass Arena (1991)||John Healy||Won the BBC Radio Times Award for Best Newcomer|
|1993||Love Lies Bleeding||Conn||Television role|
|1995||Loving||Charlie Raunce||Television role|
|Institute Benjamenta, or This Dream People Call Human Life||Jakob von Gunten|
|Angels & Insects||William Adamson|
|1997||Henry V||King Henry V||Television role|
|2000||William Shakespeare||Artistic Director, Shakespeare's Globe|
|Changing Stages||Himself||Television series|
|2003||Leonardo||Leonardo da Vinci||Television role|
|Richard II||Richard II||Television role|
|Celebrity Naked Ambition||Himself||Television role|
|2004||Breakfast||Himself||Television role (19th April)|
|2005||The Government Inspector||Dr. David Kelly||Television role; for which he won a BAFTA|
|2008||The Other Boleyn Girl||Thomas Boleyn|
|Anonymous||Condell (Shakespearean actor)|
- Mark Rylance: Play – A Recollection in Pictures and Words of the First Five Years of Play at Shakespeares's Globe Theatre. Photogr.: Sheila Burnett, Donald Cooper, Richard Kolina, John Tramper. Shakespeare's Globe Publ., London, UK. 2003. ISBN 0-9536480-4-4.
- The Wisdom of Shakespeare Series by Peter Dawkins (Foreword by Mark Rylance):
- The Wisdom of Shakespeare in As You Like It. I.C. Media Productions, 1998. Paperback. ISBN 0-9532890-1-X.
- The Wisdom of Shakespeare in The Merchant of Venice. I.C. Media Productions, 1998. Paperback. ISBN 0-9532890-0-1.
- The Wisdom of Shakespeare in Julius Caesar. I.C. Media Productions, 1999. Paperback. ISBN 0-9532890-2-8.
- The Wisdom of Shakespeare in The Tempest. I.C. Media Productions, 2000. Paperback. ISBN 0-9532890-3-6.
- The Wisdom of Shakespeare in Twelfth Night. I.C. Media Productions, 2002. Paperback. ISBN 0-9532890-4-4.
- Peter Dawkins. The Shakespeare Enigma (Foreword by Mark Rylance). Polair, UK. 2004. Illustrated paperback, 476pp. ISBN 0-9545389-4-3.
- John Abbott. Improvisation In Rehearsal (Foreword by Mark Rylance). Nick Hern Books, UK. 2009. Paperback, 256pp. ISBN 978-1-85459-523-2.
- Dave Patrick. The View Beyond: Sir Francis Bacon: Alchemy, Science, Mystery (The View Series) (Foreword by Mark Rylance, Ervin Lazslo, Rose Elliot). Deep Books, UK. 2011. Paperback, 288pp. ISBN 978-1-905398-22-5.
- "Coalition aims to expose Shakespeare". yahoo! News. 8 September 2007. Retrieved 27 January 2009.[dead link]
- General Register Office. England & Wales, Marriage Index: 1984–2005 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2007.
- Richard Anthony Baker (August 1, 2012). "Nataasha van Kampen". The Stage / Features / Obituaries /.
- Mark Rylance at the Internet Movie Database
- Official homepage
- Interview with Mark Rylance
- The Mark Rylance Fanpage (Unofficial)\
- doollee.com listing of Rylance's works written for the stage