Lake Street Elevated (CTA)

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Lake Street Elevated
CTA Ashland 050716.jpg
Looking east over the Ashland/Lake station and a perspective view of the Lake Street Elevated
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Chicago 'L'
Status Operational
Locale Chicago, Illinois, USA
Oak Park, Illinois
Forest Park, Illinois
Termini Harlem/Lake
Clinton
Stations 14
Services      Green Line
     Pink Line
Daily ridership 27,217
(average weekday Feb. 2013)
Operation
Opening November 6, 1893 (Current operation)
Operator(s) Chicago Transit Authority (1947-present)
Chicago Rapid Transit Company (1924-1947)
Chicago and Oak Park Elevated Railroad (1904–1924)
Lake Street Elevated Railroad Company (1893–1904)
Character Elevated
Rolling stock 5000-series
Technical
Line length 8.75 mi (14.08 km)
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification Third rail, 600 V DC
Route map

The Lake Street Elevated, also known as the Lake Branch, is a 8.75 mi (14.08 km) long branch of the Chicago 'L' which is located west of the Chicago Loop and serves the Green and Pink Line trains. As of February 2013, the branch serves an average of 27,217 passengers each weekday.[1] It serves the Near West Side, East Garfield Park, West Garfield Park, and Austin neighborhoods of Chicago, as well as the suburbs Oak Park and Forest Park. It owes its name to Lake Street, the street that the branch overlooks for 6.25 mi (10.06 km) before continuing its route straight west, adjacent to South Boulevard, towards the terminus at Harlem/Lake. The branch runs from 4am to 1am on regular weekdays, 5:15am to 1am on Saturdays and 5:50am to 1am on Sundays/Holidays.

History[edit]

The Lake Street Elevated began regular passenger service on November 6, 1893, from its eastern terminal at Madison Street and Market Street to California Avenue. On November 24, 1893 service on the line was extended to Homan Avenue. In March 1894, service on the line was extended to 48th Avenue (now known as Cicero Avenue) and on April 29, 1894, service was extended to 52nd Avenue (now known as Laramie Avenue), which at the time was the city limits of Chicago. When the completed Loop opened October 3, 1897, the Lake Street Elevated became the first line to utilize the entire quadrangle.[2] In 1898, an agreement was reached with Cicero Township to extend the Lake Street Elevated beyond the Chicago city limits into what at the time was Cicero Township. This agreement allowed for the extension of the Lake Street Elevated along South Boulevard, as well as the creation of the Randolph Street and Cuyler Avenue branches. On January 25, 1901, service was extended to Wisconsin Avenue (later called Marion), and on May 20, 1910, service was extended to its west-most terminal approximately two blocks west of Harlem Avenue in Forest Park.

In April 1948, the Lake Street Elevated was the first line of the 'L' system to use the Skip-Stop A/B service. Upon the implementation of Skip-Stop A/B service ten stations on the Lake Street Elevated were closed, as was the Market Street Stub, and all trains were routed through the Loop. This new system decreased the travel time of 24-35 minutes, which was considered by the CTA and its users to be a great success.

In 1962, 2.5 mi (4.0 km) of surface level track in Chicago's Austin neighborhood and Oak Park, Illinois were replaced by elevated tracks which run on Chicago & North Western Railroad's track embankment. Central, Austin, Ridgeland, Oak Park had new stations built and a new terminus opened at Harlem/Lake, replacing the station at Marion and the old Forest Park terminus.

Market Street stub[edit]

Prior to the opening of the Loop elevated in 1897, the Lake Street Elevated's eastern terminus was the Market Terminal at Madison Street and Market Street.[3] After the opening of the Loop in 1897, service continued to the Market Street stub, which had a stop at Randolph & Market in addition to the terminal at Madison & Market. Service to the Market Street stub ended on April 4, 1948, as the CTA implemented its new A/B skip-stop service. The Market Street stub was demolished soon after to make way for construction of Wacker Drive.[4]

New Morgan station[edit]

Main article: Morgan (CTA station)

Construction of the new Morgan station began in Summer 2010.[5] TranSystems led the design team, in conjunction with Ross Barney Architects.[6] Like most currently active Green Line and Pink Line stations, Morgan is ADA-accessible, with an elevator on either side of the tracks. The station will also have bike storage.

The new Morgan station officially opened on May 18, 2012, and grand opening ceremonies were held on May 24.[7][8][9]

Service[edit]

Until 1969, the Lake Branch was an independent radial branch line providing service in one direction only, like the Ravenswood and Evanston Express Lines: from the Loop to the West Side, Oak Park, and Forest Park. On September 28, 1969 it was combined with the newly opened Dan Ryan branch to form the West-South Route, providing for the first time through rail service between Harlem Avenue, Forest Park and 95th/Dan Ryan via the north and east legs of the Loop, the old South Side Main Line and the 18th Street-Wentworth Avenue Aerial Connection between 17th Street and Archer Avenue before entering the Dan Ryan Expressway median. This operation lasted for 24 years. On February 21, 1993, when the CTA began to differentiate network lines by colors, the present day Green Line was assigned to the Lake Branch and service was "switched" south of Roosevelt Road and now continue on the South Side Main Line towards Cottage Grove and Ashland/63rd, the route formerly married to the Howard branch of the North-South system. On January 9, 1994, the Lake Branch and the entire Green Line were closed for more than two years to undergo a rehabilitation program. When the line reopened on May 12, 1996, most stations were equipped with elevators in order to make them ADA compliant, and several stations were permanently closed.[10][11]

On April 26, 1998, the Green, Purple, Brown and the Cermak Branch of the Blue Line (now the Pink Line) lost their 24 hour service. In 2006, the Chicago Transit Authority created the Pink Line, which serves Clinton, Morgan, and Ashland stations on the Lake Street Elevated, before connecting to the Douglas Branch via the rebuilt Paulina Connector.

Station listing[edit]

Lake Street Elevated
Station Location Points of interest and notes
Forest Park Marengo Avenue and Circle Avenue, Forest Park Closed 1962
Harlem/Lake Handicapped/disabled access Metra or South Shore connection 1 S. Harlem Avenue, Forest Park Downtown Oak Park, transfer to Oak Park (Metra), Forest Preserve District of Cook County Headquarters
Marion Marion Avenue and South Boulevard, Oak Park Closed October 28, 1962
Oak Park 100 S. Oak Park Avenue, Oak Park Oak Park, Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio, Unity Temple, Ernest Hemingway Museum & Brithplace
Ridgeland 100 N. Ridgeland Avenue, Oak Park Oak Park and River Forest High School, Oak Park,
Lombard Lombard Avenue and South Boulevard, Oak Park Closed 1948
Austin 351 N. Austin Boulevard
Menard Menard Avenue and Lake Street Closed 1948
Central Handicapped/disabled access 350 N. Central Avenue Columbus Park, Walser House, Austin Town Hall
Laramie Handicapped/disabled access 5148 W. Lake Street
Cicero Handicapped/disabled access 4800 W. Lake Street Former Brach's Candy Factory
Kostner Kostner Avenue and Lake Street Closed 1948
Pulaski Handicapped/disabled access 4000 W. Lake Street Chicago Public Library Legler Branch
Hamlin 3800 W. Lake St. Closed March 18, 1956
Conservatory-Central Park Drive Handicapped/disabled access 3630 W. Lake Street Garfield Park Conservatory, Garfield Park Field house
Homan 3400 W. Lake Street Closed January 9, 1994; replaced by Conservatory-Central Park Drive
Kedzie Handicapped/disabled access Metra or South Shore connection 3200 W. Lake Street Transfer to Kedzie (Metra)
Sacramento Sacramento Boulevard and Lake Street Closed 1948
California Handicapped/disabled access 2800 W. Lake Street Chicago Center for Green Technology
Campbell Campbell Avenue and Lake Street Closed 1948
Oakley Oakley Boulevard and Lake Street Closed 1948
Damen Damen Avenue and Lake Street Closed 1948
Wood Wood Street and Lake Street Closed 1913
Lake Street Transfer Lake Street and Paulina Street Closed February 25, 1951
Ashland Handicapped/disabled access 1601 W. Lake Street Transfer to Pink Line trains. United Center- Home of the Chicago Bulls and the Chicago Blackhawks
Loomis Loomis Street and Lake Street Closed April 4, 1954
Racine Racine Street and Lake Street Closed 1948
Morgan Handicapped/disabled access 958 W. Lake Street UIC, Harpo Studios, Greektown, Coyne College, Fulton Market District
Halsted 800 W. Lake Street Closed January 9, 1994
Clinton Handicapped/disabled access Metra or South Shore connection 540 W. Lake Street Ogilvie Transportation Center and Chicago Transit Authority Headquarters
Canal 500 W. Lake Street Closed 1909

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ridership Report: February 2013". Chicago Transit Authority. transitchicago.com. Retrieved April 8, 2013. 
  2. ^ Loop Elevated Chicago 'L'.org. Accessed August 19, 2013
  3. ^ Market Terminal Chicago "L".org. Accessed August 16, 2013
  4. ^ Randolph & Market Chicago "L".org. Accessed August 16, 2013
  5. ^ Morgan CTA Green/Pink Line Station, City of Chicago web site.
  6. ^ CTA Morgan Street Station on the Ross Barney Architects website
  7. ^ Hilkevitch, Jon (May 24, 2012). "Grand Opening for New Morgan CTA Station", Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
  8. ^ Kamin, Blair (May 29, 2012). "Gleaming New CTA Station Raises Question: What Price Architecture?", Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  9. ^ Butler, Patrick. "New Morgan station succeeds with a force from the RFMA". Gazette. gazettechicago.com. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  10. ^ Carlozo, Lou. "CTA closes stations along the Lake Branch". Chicago 'L'. chicago-l.org. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  11. ^ Cole, David. "CTA Green Line". NYC Subway. world.nycsubway.org. Retrieved January 10, 2013.