Markkleeberg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Markkleeberg
Gautzsch-Markkleeberg.jpg
Coat of arms of Markkleeberg
Coat of arms
Markkleeberg   is located in Germany
Markkleeberg
Markkleeberg
Coordinates: 51°16′40″N 12°23′00″E / 51.27778°N 12.38333°E / 51.27778; 12.38333Coordinates: 51°16′40″N 12°23′00″E / 51.27778°N 12.38333°E / 51.27778; 12.38333
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Leipzig
Subdivisions 9
Government
 • Mayor Bernd Klose (SPD)
Area
 • Total 31.36 km2 (12.11 sq mi)
Elevation 132 m (433 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 23,940
 • Density 760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 04416
Dialling codes 0341, 034297, 034299
Vehicle registration L
Website www.markkleeberg.de

Markkleeberg is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the river Pleiße, approx. 7 km south of Leipzig.

History[edit]

The town now called Markkleeberg has its origins in a number of different towns which have been merged over the years. The center of modern-day Markkleeberg used to be called Oetzsch and it was merged with the smaller outlying district Markkleeberg in 1911 and renamed Oetzsch-Markkleeberg. Oetzsch-Markkleeberg was in turn merged with Gautzsch and the whole town was called "Markkleeberg", although Markkleeberg was the smallest of the areas, because it sounded most Germanic at a time of Nazi-led Germanisation.

The etymology of Markkleeberg may be 'Clover hill market town '.

The name of Oetzsch has most likely a Wendish origin. In 1316 it was mentioned in a document as "Euschiz". The village originally had the form of a Rundling.

In 1813 much of the Battle of Leipzig took place where today's Markkleeberg is situated.

During 1944-1945, a forced labor camp for women was established in the town, initially a subcamp of the Ravensbrück concentration camp and later of Buchenwald. In early April 1945 the surviving inmates were transferred to the Mauthausen-Gusen camp in Austria.

Ruined Church in Wachau

Historical Population[edit]

(Source since 1998: Statistical bureau of Saxony)

Year Population
1946 20,517
1950 20,130
1960 20,545
1981 20,622
1984 19,811
1995 20,415
1997 20,264
Year Population
1998 22,728
1999 23,157
2000 23,157
2001 23,087
2002 23,139
2003 23,306
2004 23,639
Year Population
2005 23,806
2006 23,913
2007 24,021
2008 24,020
2009 24,254
2010 24,338
2011 24,402
Grunderzeit house in Markkleeberg

Culture[edit]

Markkleeberg has five twinned towns: Pierre-Benite (France), Zarensti (Romania), Neusäß (Germany), Hemmingen (Germany) and Boville Ernica (Italy).

References[edit]