Marklowice Górne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Marklowice Górne
Village
Village's centre
Village's centre
Marklowice Górne is located in Poland
Marklowice Górne
Marklowice Górne
Coordinates: 49°53′7.52″N 18°35′12.66″E / 49.8854222°N 18.5868500°E / 49.8854222; 18.5868500
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County Cieszyn
Gmina Zebrzydowice
First mentioned 1305
Government
 • Mayor Tadeusz Guz
Area 4.64 km2 (1.79 sq mi)
Population 920
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Car plates SCI

Marklowice Górne [marklɔˈvit͡sɛ ˈɡurnɛ] is a village in Gmina Zebrzydowice, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. It has a population of about 920. Piotrówka River flows through the village.

History[edit]

The village of Marklowice was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as item (in) Marklowitz debent esse triginta mansi.[1][2][3] It meant that the village was supposed to pay tithe from 30 smaller lans. The creation of the village was a part of a larger settlement campaign taking place in late 13th century on the territory of what will be later known as Upper Silesia.

Politically the village belonged initially to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

In the 17th century the village was split into the two parts, Marklowice Dolne and Marklowice Górne. They were joined together again at the end of the 19th century. After division of Cieszyn Silesia between Czechoslovakia and Poland in 1920, it was divided between these two countries. They were briefly reunited in the same country 1938-39 after Poland's annexation of Zaolzie, although as two separate gminas in two different powiats: Cieszyn (Marklowice Górne) and Frysztat (Marklowice Dolne). Today's Marklowice Górne is an eastern part of that village. Western part of the village is now known as Dolní Marklovice and lies in the Czech Republic.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 297-299. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  2. ^ Schulte, Wilhelm (1889). Codex Diplomaticus Silesiae T.14 Liber Fundationis Episcopatus Vratislaviensis (in German). Breslau. 
  3. ^ "Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis" (in Latin). Retrieved 13 July 2014. 

References[edit]

  • Helena and Ludwik Bartoszek (2005). Wypisy z dziejów Zebrzydowic, Kaczyc, Kończyc Małych i Marklowic Górnych. 1305-2005. Zebrzydowice: Gminny Ośrodek Kultury w Zebrzydowicach. ISBN 83-908896-3-3. 


Coordinates: 49°53′7.52″N 18°35′12.66″E / 49.8854222°N 18.5868500°E / 49.8854222; 18.5868500