Markowa

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Markowa
Village
Church of St Dorota in Markowa
Church of St Dorota in Markowa
Markowa is located in Poland
Markowa
Markowa
Coordinates: 50°1′13″N 22°18′1″E / 50.02028°N 22.30028°E / 50.02028; 22.30028
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Subcarpathian
County Łańcut
Gmina Markowa
Population 4,100
The Skansen of Markowa. The typical Umgebindehaus - houses, about 150–200 km (93–124 mi) southeast of Kraków, around 18/19th century, built in the style of ancient mountain Walddeutsche atmosphere.

Markowa [marˈkɔva] (Ukrainian: Маркова, Markova) is a village in Łańcut County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Markowa. It lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 miles) south-east of Łańcut and 22 kilometres (14 miles) east of the regional capital Rzeszów.[1] The village has a population of 4,100; it was founded in the 14th century as "Markhof" by the descendants of Germans colonists.

Saving Jews in WWII[edit]

During World War II many families in the village hid their Jewish neighbours to help them survive the Holocaust. It is now estimated that at least 17 Jews survived the war in Markowa.

Grave monument of Ulma family executed in 1944

Seven members of the Weltz family were hidden in the barn of Dorota and Antoni Szylar. Jakub Einhorn's family was hidden by Jan and Weronika Przybylak and Jakub Lorbenfeld and his family were hidden by Michal Bar. Two girls from the Riesenbach family were initially hidden by Stanislaw Kielar, before joining the other three family members in the attic of Julia and Józef Bar.

On March 24, 1944 a patrol of German police came to the house of Józef and Wiktoria Ulma, where they found eight Jews belonging to the Szall and Goldman families. At first the Germans executed all the Jews. Then they shot the pregnant Wiktoria and her husband. When the six children began to scream at the sight of their parents' bodies, Joseph Kokott, a German police officer (Volksdeutsche from Sudetenland), shot them after consulting with his superior. The other killers were Eilert Dieken, Michael Dziewulski and Erich Wilde.

On the 60th anniversary of this tragedy, a memorial was erected in memory of the family.

See also[edit]

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Coordinates: 50°1′13″N 22°18′1″E / 50.02028°N 22.30028°E / 50.02028; 22.30028