||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (February 2015)|
The Marksburg, from Braubach
|Built by||House Eppstein|
The Marksburg is a castle above the town of Braubach in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is one of the principal sites of the UNESCO World Heritage Rhine Gorge. The fortress was used for protection rather than as a residence for royal families. It has a striking example of a bergfried designed as a butter-churn tower. Of the 40 hill castles between Bingen am Rhein and Koblenz the Marksburg was the only one which was never destroyed.
A stone keep was built on the spot in 1100 by the Eppstein family and expanded into a castle around 1117 to protect the town of Braubach and to reinforce the customs facilities. It was first mentioned in documents in 1231. The Eppsteins were a powerful family in the region, with several members becoming archbishops in Mainz and Trier. In 1283, Count Eberhard of Katzenelnbogen bought it and throughout the 14th and 15th century the high noble counts rebuilt the castle constantly. In 1429 male line of the Counts of Katzenelnbogen went extinct, and the territories went to the Count of Hesse, who expanded the castle to accommodate artillery and added the round towers of the outer curtain wall.
The French emperor Napoleon seized then abolished the Holy Roman Empire in 1803. He gave the Marksburg to his ally the Duke of Nassau for his service. He used the castle as a prison and as a home for disabled soldiers. After the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 the Duchy of Nassau became a territory of Prussia, which took ownership of the Marksburg.
Finally, it was sold in 1900 for a symbolic price of 1,000 Goldmark to the German Castle Association, which had been founded a year earlier as a private initiative to preserve castles in Germany. The Marksburg is the head office of this organisation since 1931.
In March 1945, the castle was damaged heavily by American artillery fired from the other side of the Rhine.
The Marksburg today
In the 1990s the castle was copied in the German culture village Ueno on the Japanese island Miyako-jima.
- "Die Marksburg – ein einzigartiges Baudenkmal" (in German). February 6, 2015.
- de Fabianis, p. 131.
- Marksburg, The History of the County of Katzenelnbogen and the First Riesling of the World
- de Fabianis, p. 131.
- de Fabianis, p. 131
- de Fabianis, Valeria, ed. (2013). Castles of the World. New York: Metro Books. ISBN 978-1-4351-4845-1
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