|Admin. region||Lower Franconia|
|Mayor||Erich Hegwein (CSU)|
|Area||20.15 km2 (7.78 sq mi)|
|Elevation||191 m (627 ft)|
|Population||3,651 (31 December 2011)|
|- Density||181 /km2 (469 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Marktbreit is a town in the district of Kitzingen in the Regierungsbezirk Unterfranken in Bavaria situated at the most southern point of the Main river. It is the birthplace of Alois Alzheimer who first identified the symptoms of what is now known as Alzheimer's Disease. With its Suburb Gnodstadt, Marktbreit has about 4,000 inhabitants (2004).
Old ruins of a Roman castle show the importance of Marktbreit's location during the era of Emperor Augustus. It was first mentioned as "broite inferior" in a document of the count of Castell in 1266. It is very likely that there was a settlement for some hundred years at the delta of the Breitbach. In 1557, King Ferdinand allowed the settlement to hold markets, and the name Marktbreit was given to the small town. In the 17th and 18th century Marktbreit was an important marketplace because the shortest way to the Danube from the Main (which ends in the Rhine) starts in Marktbreit.
- "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). 31 December 2011.
|This Kitzingen district location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|