Marktown

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Marktown Historic District
Park Street in Marktown.jpg
Houses on Park Street
Marktown is located in Indiana
Marktown
Location Bounded by Pine, Riley, Dickey, and 129th Sts., East Chicago, Indiana
Coordinates 41°39′32″N 87°28′4″W / 41.65889°N 87.46778°W / 41.65889; -87.46778Coordinates: 41°39′32″N 87°28′4″W / 41.65889°N 87.46778°W / 41.65889; -87.46778
Area 40 acres (16 ha)
Built 1917
Architect Howard Van Doren Shaw
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 75000025[1]
Added to NRHP February 20, 1975

Marktown is an urban planned worker community in East Chicago, Indiana, United States,[2] built during the Progressive Era in 1917 from marshland to provide a complete community for workers at The Mark Manufacturing Company.

History[edit]

The community of Marktown was founded by Clayton Mark, a pioneer maker of steel in the United States. The renowned architect hired to design the community, Howard Van Doren Shaw, created a unique design in which the streets serve as walkways and the cars are parked on the sidewalks, as noted in Ripley’s Believe It or Not.[3] Shaw previously designed Mark's estate in Lake Forest, Illinois.[4]

Only 10% of the original design was built, as the building of the community was terminated due to the aftereffects of World War I and the sale of the Mark Manufacturing Company. Today, Marktown is one of the few planned worker communities in which all of the originally constructed homes still stand.[2] The industries in East Chicago expanded to the borders of Marktown, surrounding the historic residential island with one of the densest industrial complexes in the world.[2] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1975,[1] and was listed as one of the seven wonders of Northwest Indiana.[2]

Marktown is regarded as an important cultural resource of architectural and historical significance. In the words of the Marktown Revitalization Plan commissioned by the city of East Chicago in 2008, "Marktown is significant as it is a major work by a significant American architect, Howard Van Doren Shaw, for its association with the driving economic force of industry that served as an identity of the region, and is representative of the planned industrial community movement of the late 19th and early 20th century."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b c d Smith, Stephanie; Mark, Steve (2011). "Marktown: Clayton Mark's Planned Worker Community in Northwest Indiana.". South Shore Journal 4. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  3. ^ Ripley’s Believe It or Not! 15. New York: Pocket Books. 1967. 
  4. ^ Skertic, Mark (2003). A Native's Guide to Northwest Indiana. Native's Guide. Lake Claremont Press. p. 64. ISBN 978-1893121089. 
  5. ^ Marktown Revitalization Plan (December 2008). Prepared by Bauer Latoza Studio for the City of East Chicago.