Reiner was born in 1886 in Czernowitz, Bukovina, then part of Austria-Hungary, and obtained a degree in Civil Engineering at the Technische Hochschule in Vienna (Vienna University of Technology). After the First World War, he emigrated to Palestine, where he worked as a civil engineer under the British mandate. After the founding of the state of Israel, he became a professor at the Technion (Israel Institute of Technology) in Haifa. In his honour the Technion later instituted the Markus Reiner Chair in Mechanics and Rheology.
Reiner was not only a major figure in rheology, he along with Eugene C. Bingham coined the term and founded a society for its study. As well as the term rheology, and his publications, he is known for the Buckingham-Reiner Equation, the Reiner-Riwlin Equation, and Reiner-Rivlin fluids, the Deborah number and the Teapot effect – an explanation of why tea runs down the outside of the spout of a teapot instead of into the cup.
- Markovitz, Hershel (September 1976). "Markus Reiner". Physics Today 29 (9): 70–71. doi:10.1063/1.3023922.
- J. F. Steffe (1996) Rheological Methods in Food Process Engineering 2nd ed ISBN 0-9632036-1-4 page 1
- "Israel Prize recipients in 1958 (in Hebrew)". Israel Prize Official Site. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010 by WebCite.
- G. W. Scott-Blair (1976), Rheologica Acta, volume 15 no 7/8, pages 365–266
- D. Abir (ed) (1975) Contributions to Mechanics: Markus Reiner Eightieth Anniversary Volume: Oxford, Pergamon Press
- G. W. Scott Blair & M. Reiner (1957) Agricultural Rheology (Routledge & Kegan Paul, London)
- M. Reiner (1960) Deformation, strain and flow: an elementary introduction to rheology: London, H. K. Lewis
- M. Reiner (1964) Physics Today volume 17 no 1 page 62 The Deborah Number
- M. Reiner (1971) Advanced Rheology: London, H. K. Lewis
- M. Reiner (1975) Selected Papers on Rheology: Amsterdam, Elsevier