Marlboro Township, New Jersey

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Marlboro Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Marlboro
Official seal of Marlboro Township, New Jersey
Seal
Map of Marlboro Township in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Marlboro Township in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Marlboro Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Marlboro Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°20′35″N 74°15′26″W / 40.342931°N 74.257197°W / 40.342931; -74.257197Coordinates: 40°20′35″N 74°15′26″W / 40.342931°N 74.257197°W / 40.342931; -74.257197[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Monmouth
Incorporated February 17, 1848
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Mayor Jonathan L. Hornik (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator Jonathan Capp[4]
 • Clerk Alida Manco[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 30.471 sq mi (78.921 km2)
 • Land 30.361 sq mi (78.636 km2)
 • Water 0.110 sq mi (0.285 km2)  0.36%
Area rank 89th of 566 in state
9th of 53 in county[2]
Elevation [7] 190 ft (60 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 40,191
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 40,326
 • Rank 53rd of 566 in state
3rd of 53 in county[12]
 • Density 1,323.7/sq mi (511.1/km2)
 • Density rank 352nd of 566 in state
42nd of 53 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07746[13][14]
Area code(s) 732/848[15]
FIPS code 3402544070[16][2][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882118[18][2]
Website www.marlboro-nj.gov

Marlboro Township is a township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a population of 40,191,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 5,449 (+16.3%) from the 33,423 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6,707 (+25.1%) from the 26,716 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Marlboro was formed as a Township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 17, 1848, from portions of Freehold Township.[20]

Contents

Geography[edit]

Marlboro Township is located at 40°20′35″N 74°15′26″W / 40.342931°N 74.257197°W / 40.342931; -74.257197. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 30.471 square miles (78.921 km2), of which 30.361 square miles (78.636 km2) is land and 0.110 square miles (0.285 km2) (0.36%) is water.[1][2] The New Jersey Geological Survey map suggests the land is mostly made up of cretaceous soil consisting of sand, silt and clay.[21]

Morganville (2010 Census population of 5,040[8]) and Robertsville (2010 population of 11,297[8]) are census-designated places and unincorporated areas located within Marlboro Township.[22][23]

Weather and climate[edit]

Weather[edit]

Marlboro is located close to the Atlantic Ocean. Due to the Marlboro Township's location on the Eastern Seaboard, the following weather features are noted:[24]

  • On average, the warmest month is July where the average high is 85 °F (29 °C) and the average low is 66 °F (19 °C).
  • The highest recorded temperature was 106 °F (41 °C) in 1936.
  • On average, the coolest month is January reaching an average low of 22 °F (−6 °C) and an average high of 40 °F (4 °C).
  • The lowest recorded temperature was −20 °F (−29 °C) in 1934.
  • The most precipitation on average occurs in July with an average 5.03 inches (128 mm) of rain.
  • The least precipitation on average occurs in February with an average of 3.08 inches (78 mm) of rain.
  • The average annual precipitation is 46.98 inches (1,193 mm).[25]
  • The average number of freezing days is 179.[26]
  • The average snowfall (in inches) is 23.2.[27]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification, Marlboro Township is considered to be in the Cfa zone. Marlboro Township has a humid sub-tropical climate placing it in Zone 7B on the USDA hardiness scale. This extends from Monmouth County, NJ to Northern Georgia. Because of its sheltered location and proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, some Palm trees can survive with minimal winter protection. Also, many Southern Magnolias, Crepe Myrtles, Musa Basjoo (Hardy Japanese Banana plants), native bamboo, native opuntia cactus, and bald cypress can be seen throughout commercial and private landscapes.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,564
1860 2,083 33.2%
1870 2,231 7.1%
1880 2,193 −1.7%
1890 1,913 −12.8%
1900 1,747 −8.7%
1910 1,754 0.4%
1920 1,710 −2.5%
1930 1,992 16.5%
1940 5,015 151.8%
1950 6,359 26.8%
1960 8,038 26.4%
1970 12,273 52.7%
1980 17,560 43.1%
1990 27,974 59.3%
2000 36,398 30.1%
2010 40,191 10.4%
Est. 2013 40,326 [11] 0.3%
Population sources: 1850-1920[28]
1850-1870[29] 1850[30]
1870[31] 1880-1890[32]
1890-1910[33] 1910–1930[34]
1900–1990[35] 2000[36][37] 2010[8][9][10]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 40,191 people, 13,001 households, and 11,194 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,323.7 per square mile (511.1 /km2). There were 13,436 housing units at an average density of 442.5 per square mile (170.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 78.59% (31,587) White, 2.09% (841) Black or African American, 0.06% (25) Native American, 17.27% (6,939) Asian, 0.00% (2) Pacific Islander, 0.64% (257) from other races, and 1.34% (540) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.03% (1,619) of the population.[8]

There were 13,001 households, of which 46.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.8% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.9% were non-families. 12.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.38.[8]

In the township, 28.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 32.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.7 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $130,400 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,434) and the median family income was $145,302 (+/- $7,377). Males had a median income of $101,877 (+/- $3,707) versus $66,115 (+/- $5,292) for females. The per capita income for the township was $50,480 (+/- $2,265). About 1.2% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.[38]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 36,398 people, 11,478 households, and 10,169 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,189.7 people per square mile (459.4/km2). There were 11,896 housing units at an average density of 388.8 persons/mi² (150.1 persons/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 83.76% White, 2.07% African American, 0.05% Native American, 12.67% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.89% of the population.[36][37]

There were 11,478 households out of which 50.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them. 81.3% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 11.4% were non-families. 9.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15 and the average family size was 3.38.[36][37]

In the township the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. There are slightly more females than males in the township for both total and adult categories. The census shows that for every 100 females in the township, there were 98.4 males; for every 100 females over 18, there were 94.3 males.[36][37]

The median income for a household in the township was $101,322, and the median income for a family was $107,894. Males had a median income of $76,776 versus $41,298 for females. The per capita income for the township was $38,635. About 2.4% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.[36][37]

Crime[edit]

The number of violent crimes recorded by the FBI in 2003 was 15. The number of murders and homicides was 1. The violent crime rate was reported to be very low at 0.4 per 1,000 people.[39]

Housing[edit]

Housing costs[edit]

The median home cost in Marlboro Township was $446,890. Home prices decreased by 8.18% in 2010. Compared to the rest of the country, Marlboro Township's cost of living is 57% higher than the U.S. average.[40]

Affordable housing[edit]

As part of its obligation under the Mount Laurel doctrine, the Council on Affordable Housing requires Marlboro to provide 1,673 low / moderate income housing units.[41] The first two rounds of New Jersey's affordable housing regulations ran from 1987 to 1999. Under a Regional Contribution Agreement (RCA), Marlboro signed an agreement in June 2008 that would have Trenton build or rehabilitate 332 housing units, with Marlboro paying $25,000 per unit, a total of $8.3 million to Trenton for taking on the responsibility for these units.[42] Under proposed legislation, municipalities may lose the ability to use these RCAs to pay other communities to accept their New Jersey COAH fair housing obligations, which would mean that Marlboro is now required to build the balance of housing. When the New Jersey Council on Affordable Housing requested plans to complete this obligation, Marlboro generated the largest number of objectors to an affordable housing plan in the history of New Jersey.[41] The process now appears bogged down in paperwork processing as the COAH's executive director will need to review the objections to determine their completeness and validity. In October 2009, Marlboro submitted a notice that they were thinking of changing the site of the affordable housing plan as it was discovered that ground contamination was located at the current proposed site.[43]

Retirement communities[edit]

Marlboro Township has a number of retirement communities, which include:

  • The Royal Pines at Marlboro
  • The Sunrise Senior Community
  • Greenbriar North Senior Housing Development. This development contains over 750 homes.
  • Marlboro Greens - This community was built between 1986 and 1988 contains 341 homes.
  • Rosemont Estates - This development is not completed yet and still under construction.
  • The Chelsea Square in Marlboro - Still under construction. Construction started in 2008 and when completed, there will be 14 buildings in Chelsea Square. The buildings are three levels high, the bottom level is a parking garage.

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The township had a total of 229.71 miles (369.68 km) of roadways, of which 201.56 miles (324.38 km) are maintained by the municipality, 11.05 miles (17.78 km) by Monmouth County and 17.10 miles (27.52 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[44]

The car is the most common mode of transportation in Marlboro Township. The main public thoroughfares in Marlboro are U.S. Route 9, Route 18, County Route 520 and Route 79. These routes provide access to major highways including the Garden State Parkway and the New Jersey Turnpike. Taxi services are also available through a number of local private companies.

Public transportation[edit]

There are multiple public transportation options available, including bus, rail, air and ferry service. NJ Transit provides bus service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 131, 135 and 139 routes; on the 64 and 67 and from both Jersey City and Newark.[45] The Matawan train station is a heavily used train station on New Jersey Transit's North Jersey Coast Line, providing service to New York Pennsylvania Station via Secaucus Junction, with a transfer available for trains to Newark Liberty International Airport. However, both options provide significant problems in terms of lack of available parking, which may require waiting periods of more than a year for a permit and private parking options are very expensive.[46]

Ferry service is available through the SeaStreak service in Highlands, a trip that involves about a 45 minute drive on secondary roads from Marlboro to reach the departing terminal. SeaStreak offers ferry service to New York City with trips to Pier 11 (on the East River at Wall Street) and East 35th Street in Manhattan.[47]

Following the closure of the Marlboro Airport, Monmouth Executive Airport in Farmingdale, Old Bridge Airport and Mar Bar L Farms municipal airport supply short-distance flights to surrounding areas and are now the closest air transportation services. The closest major airport is Newark Liberty International Airport, which is 33.1 miles (53.3 km) (about 42 minutes drive) from the center of Marlboro.

Emergency services[edit]

The Township of Marlboro has multiple departments which handle emergency services. In addition to the offices below, other departments can be reached through a countywide directory maintained by the Township of Marlboro.[48] The following are the emergency service departments in Marlboro:

Police[edit]

The police department was established in May 1962. At that time, there was one police officer who served the township.[49] Currently the Marlboro Township Police Department is composed of over 67 full-time police officers. The current Chief of Police is Bruce E. Hall who started in this position in February 2009 following Police Chief Robert C. Holmes Sr. retiring suddenly on New Year's Eve 2008.[50]

  • Office of Emergency Management - The Office of Emergency Management is responsible for preparing for and managing any declared or other large scale emergency, event, or occurrence, either man-made or natural, which may occur within Marlboro Township. By law the Office of Emergency Management must have an Emergency Operation Plan (EOP) that addresses all of the possible/probable emergencies that may occur.

Fire Prevention Bureau[edit]

The Fire Prevention Bureau enforces the New Jersey Uniform Fire Code in all buildings, structures and premises, Condo development residential buildings and other owner-occupied residential buildings. The Fire Prevention Bureau does not enforce codes in residential units with fewer than three dwelling units.

Fire and rescue squads[edit]

Marlboro Township has four volunteer fire companies and two volunteer first aid squads:[51]

Fire companies[52]
  • Marlboro Fire Co. No. 1
  • Robertsville Volunteer Fire Company No. 1 (founded 1958)[53]
  • Morganville Independent Volunteer Fire Company District 3[54]
  • Morganville Volunteer Fire Company No. 1 (founded 1914)[55]
First aid squads
  • Marlboro First Aid & Rescue Squad (founded 1971)[56]
  • Morganville First Aid & Rescue Squad (founded 1952)[57]

Emergency notification system[edit]

SWIFT911 is a high speed notification program with the capability of delivering recorded warnings to the entire community or targeted areas, via telephone, email, text or pager. Messages can be transmitted through the Marlboro Township Police Department or Office of the Mayor and the system can contact up to four telephone numbers until reaching the designated party. Emergency and Non-emergency messages are also able to reach TTY (teletypewriter) phones used by those who are deaf or hard of hearing.[58]

Hospitals[edit]

Marlboro Township is served by CentraState Healthcare System in Freehold Township, a 282-bed medical facility serving central Monmouth County. The next closest hospitals Raritan Bay Medical Center Old Bridge Division, located in Old Bridge Township and Bayshore Community Hospital, located in Holmdel Township. The closest major university hospitals are Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital in New Brunswick and Jersey Shore University Medical Center in Neptune Township.

History[edit]

Historical timeline[edit]

Lenni Lenape[edit]

The Lenni Lenape Native Americans were the first known organized inhabitants of this area, having settled here about one thousand years ago and forming an agricultural society, occupying small villages that dotted what was to become Marlboro Township.[59]

In 1600 the Native American population in the area may have numbered as many as 20,000.[60][61] Several wars, at least 14 separate epidemics (yellow fever, small pox, influenza, encephalitis lethargica, etc.) and disastrous over-harvesting of the animal populations reduced their population to around 4,000 by the year 1700. Since the Lenape people, like all Native Americans, had no immunity to European diseases, when the populations contacted the epidemics, they frequently proved fatal.[62] Some Lenape starved to death as a result of animal over-harvesting, while others were forced to trade their land for goods such as clothing and food. They were eventually moved to reservations set up by the US Government. They were first moved to the only Indian Reservation in New Jersey, the Brotherton Reservation in Burlington County (1758-1802). Those who remained survived through attempting to adapt to the dominant culture, becoming farmers and tradesmen.[63] As the Lenni Lenape population declined, and the European population increased, the history of the area was increasingly defined by the new European inhabitants and the Lenape Native American tribes played an increasingly secondary role.

Dutch arrival[edit]

After the Dutch arrival to the region in the 1620s, the Lenape were successful in restricting Dutch settlement to Pavonia in present-day Jersey City along the Hudson until the 1660s and the Swedish settlement to New Sweden (1655 - The Dutch defeat the Swedes on the Delaware). The Dutch finally established a garrison at Bergen, allowing settlement of areas within the province of New Netherland. Within a period of 112 years, 1497–1609, four European explorers claimed this land for their sponsors: John Cabot, 1497, for England; Giovanni de Verrazano, 1524, for France; Estevan Gomez, 1525, for Spain, Henry Hudson, 1609, for Holland. Then for 50 years, 1614–1664, the Monmouth County area came under the influence of the Dutch, but it was not settled until English rule in 1664.

The initial European proprietors of the area purchased the land from the Lenni Lenape leader or Sakamaker.[64] The chief of the Unami, or Turtle clan, was traditionally the great chief of all the Lenni Lenape. One of the sons of the leader, was Weequehela[65] who negotiated the sale of several of the initial tracts of land to the first farmers.[66] An early deed refers to "the chief sachems or leaders of Toponemus." Their main village was near Wickatunk in Marlboro Township.[67]

On April 2, 1664, the British appointed Richard Nicolls to serve as the Deputy Governor of New York and New Jersey. One year later, April 8, 1665, Nicolls issued "The Monmouth Patent" to twelve men who had come from Western Long Island and New England seeking permanent stability for religious and civil freedom as well as the prospect of improving their estates. Nicolls was unaware that in June, 1664, James had given a lease and release for New Jersey to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, thus invalidating the grant to the Monmouth Patentees.[68] The rule at the time was that land should be purchased from the Patent.

However, in the time between 1685 and the early 18th century, the patent was ignored and land was gradually purchased from the Lenni Lenape causing confusion and disputes over ownership. Following the initial sale of land, the history of the township starts about 1685, when the land was first settled by European farmers from Scotland, England and the Netherlands. The Scottish exiles[69] and early Dutch settlers lived on isolated clearings carved out of the forest.[70] The lingua franca or common language spoken in the area was likely, overwhelmingly Dutch. However, this was one of many languages spoken with the culture very steeped in New Netherlander. The official documentation at the time is frequently found to be in the Dutch language. The documents of the time also suggest that money transactions used the British shilling.[71] The English and Scotch settlers were Quakers. After initial European contact, the Lenape population sharply declined.

The Quakers established a meetinghouse and a cemetery on what is now Topanemus Road[72] and held the first meeting on October 10, 1702.[73] The first leader of the church was Rev. George Keith who received a large grant of land[74] in the area due to his position as Surveyor-General.[75] Among the first listed communicants of the new church were Garret and Jan Schenck.[76] The church later changed its affiliation to the Episcopal faith and became St. Peter's Episcopal Church which is now located in Freehold.[77] The old burial ground still remains on Topanemus Road. In 1692 those of the Presbyterian Faith built a church and burial ground on what is now Gordons Corner Road. The church eventually moved to Tennent where it became known as the Old Tennent Church and played a role in the Revolutionary War. The old Scots Cemetery still remains at its original site.

Marl's discovery[edit]

The township of Marlboro is named for the prevalence of marl, which was first discovered in the area east of the village in 1768. The "Marl Pits" are clearly reflected on maps from 1889 shown as a dirt road off of Hudson Street heading towards the current location of the township soccer fields.[78] Farmers used marl to improve the soil in the days before commercial fertilizers and there was a heavy demand for it. Marlboro's first industry was the export of the material, used primarily as fertilizer. In 1853, the Marl was harvested and transported to other parts of the state and to the Keyport docks via the Freehold Marl Company Railroad (now the Henry Hudson Trail).[79][80] The marl was then sent to New York and other parts of the country via ship.[46]

Revolutionary War[edit]

Marlboro was the scene of a number of skirmishes during the American Revolutionary War, in particular following the Battle of Monmouth in 1778. During the war, the Pleasant Valley section was often raided by the British for food supplies and livestock.[46] The area was referred to as the "Hornet's Nest" because of the intensity of attacks on the British by local militia.[81] Beacon Hill (of present day Beacon Hill Road) was one of three Monmouth County sites where beacons were placed to warn the residents and the Continental forces if the enemy should approach from the bay.[82][83] There was also considerable activity in the Montrose area of the Township as British troops, retreating from the Battle of Monmouth, tried to wind their way to ships lying off Sandy Hook.[84]

Township formation[edit]

New houses under construction off Buckley Road, late 2005.

Under the direction and influence of John W. Herbert,[85] Marlboro was established as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 17, 1848, formed from portions of Freehold Township.[20] The township's name was originally "Marlborough," but was subsequently changed to "Marlboro."[86] It is unknown when the name was officially changed, with maps and other documents in the decades after the township's establishment referring variously to "Marlboro"[87] or "Marlborough".[29][88] The first elected freeholder was John W. Herbert.

Marlboro was rural and composed mostly of dairy farms, potato, tomato and other farms laced with small hamlets with modest inns or taverns. Before World War II Marlboro Township was actually the nation's largest grower of potatoes and also known for a large tomato and egg industry.[89] During World War II, egg farms significantly expanded to accommodate military demand.

Following World War II, the state began to significantly build and improve the area transportation infrastructure. As the infrastructure improved, the population started to increase. The 50s and 60s saw Marlboro starting to significantly grow. Housing developments started to replace the farm and rural nature as the community expanded. After the early 1970s, Marlboro became a growing suburb for people working in New York and in large nearby corporations. During the 1980s and early 1990s most of the new housing developments featured four- or five-bedroom houses, but later the trend shifted toward larger estate homes. The building effort became so advanced that Marlboro Township placed restrictions for building around wetlands; called the Stream Corridor Preservation Restrictions to mitigate construction and habitat contamination.

The year 2000 saw continued growth of the housing trend toward larger homes. Towards the end of the decade, housing growth declined due to recession.

Historical events[edit]

Town center[edit]

The Marlboro township center has historically been considered an area around the intersection of Main Street (Route 79) and School Road.[90] In the late 19th century the intersection held a hotel [currently fire department parking lot], general store [was on the lot of the current fire department building], and Post Office [was on the lot of a current Chinese Restaurant]. Behind the current small mini-mart on the corner of this intersection, you can still see one of the original barns from the early 19th century. The township of Marlboro has erected signs in front of historically significant buildings to explain their historical significant status. Multiple signs can be seen along Main Street and on some other streets in the town center area. However, Marlboro no longer has any official town center and can be considered an example of suburban sprawl. Efforts are underway to create an official "town center" and multiple proposals have come forward in recent discussions.[91]

Cell phone ban[edit]

In 2000, Marlboro became the first municipality in New Jersey, and one of the first areas in the U.S., to ban cell phone use while driving, a ban that took effect in March 2001. The restriction established made use of a cell phone a primary offense, allowing a police officer can stop a motorist for phone use.[92]

Marlboro Psychiatric Hospital[edit]

Opened in 1931, Marlboro Psychiatric Hospital was located on 400 acres (1.6 km2) in the eastern part of the township. It was opened with much fanfare as a "state of the art" psychiatric facility. It was closed 67 years later on June 30, 1998.[93] The land that the hospital was placed on was known as the "Big Woods Settlement". It was largely farm land but there was a large distillery on the property which was torn down to make room for the hospital.[87] Additionally, due to the long residential stays at the hospital, a cemetery was also located near the hospital for the residents who died while in residence and were unclaimed. There is currently a large fence around the hospital as the fate of the hospital grounds is currently not settled. Some of the land was carved out for a Monmouth County Park system park, some of the ground was granted to the YMCA, and some of the ground disposition is not settled. The large hospital buildings remain currently although they will likely be torn down due to the huge cost to maintain them and their current state of decay.

40% Green[edit]

In June 2009, Marlboro Township Municipal Utilities Authority (MTMUA) deployed a 900 kW solar power array from Sharp that will enable the MTMUA to meet nearly 40% of its electricity needs with emissions-free solar-generated power. This is considered one of the largest of its kind in the East. This solar energy system will reduce New Jersey CO2 emissions by more than 4,200,000 lb (1,900,000 kg) annually; SO2 emissions by 28,000 lb (13,000 kg); and NO2 emissions by 18,000 lb (8,200 kg)., as well as eliminating significant amounts of mercury.[94] Additionally, Marlboro has been recognized as a Cool City by the Sierra Club. Marlboro is the 10th Monmouth County municipality to be named a Cool City.[95]

Preston Airfield[edit]

Marlboro had an airport, Preston Airfield, which opened in 1954 and was in operation for almost 50 years. The airport was opened by Rhea Preston on his farm and consisted of two runways, one was 2,400 feet (730 m) as well as airplane hangars. It obtained a paved runway before 1972. Exact records are not known as to when it changed its name to Marlboro Airport. It is believed to be somewhere between 1975 and 1979. In 1979, the airport was described as having a single runway 2,200 feet (670 m) long. In 2000, the airport was purchased by Marlboro Holdings LLC owned by Anthony Spalliero who closed it with the intent to redevelop the airport into housing.[96] To foster the case for redevelopment, Spalliero donated land holdings he had near the airport to the township Board of Education. This donated land was then developed as the school Marlboro Early Learning Center, a school specialized for kindergarten classes. Following a $100,000 pay-off[97] to former Mayor Matthew Scannapieco the planning board used the distance to the new school as justification to close the airfield[98] citing a reference to a fatal plane crash in 1997.[99] Part of the airport has now been developed into Marlboro Memorial Cemetery which now borders the defunct airfield. Using Google Maps, you can still see the dis-used airfield. In the most current image, some of the landing strip is overgrown but a large yellow "X" is painted at each end of the runway to show it is no longer used. The cemetery can be seen on the side of the landing strip to the north. The Marlboro Early Learning Center is the "U" shaped gray building to the north-west of the runway with a large parking lot. The current image also shows the Henry Hudson Trail crossing the eastern edge of the runway.

Virgin Mary sighting[edit]

Starting in 1989, Joseph Januszkiewicz started reporting visions of the Virgin Mary near the blue spruce trees in his yard at exactly 9:28pm.[100] The visions started to appear six months after he returned from a pilgrimage to Medjugorje in Yugoslavia. Since that time as many as 8,000 pilgrims gathered on the first Sundays of June, July, August and September to pray, meditate and share in the vision.[101] On September 7, 1992, Bishop John C. Reiss gave Januszkiewicz permission to release his messages. In 1993, Catholic Diocese of Trenton ruled that nothing "truly miraculous" was happening at the Januszkiewicz home. Pictures were taken in November 2004 of a mist that showed up at the location of the vision, though by April 2005, Januszkiewicz claimed that the visions had stopped and he reports there have been no sightings since.[102]

Historic sites[edit]

The Marlboro Tree[edit]

Discovered in 1997 and located near one of the Big Brook tributaries, The Marlboro Tree, a massive black willow tree has been certified by the New Jersey Forest Service as a "State Champion" tree, signifying that it is the largest known tree of its species in the State of New Jersey, and the largest tree of any kind in Marlboro Township. It is about 152 years old and measures 76 feet (23 m) high and 19' 8" in circumference. Five grown people must hold hands to fully encircle the tree.[103]

Old Scots Burial Grounds[edit]

On the National Register of Historic Places since August 2001, is Old Scots Burial Grounds, which was established around 1705.[104] Under active study, archaeologist Gerard Scharfenberger is working to excavate the foundation of the original Old Scots Meeting House as well as any unmarked graves on the property. This is the original location where the congregation of the Old Tennent Presbyterian Church once met.[105] It is also part of the site where the Battle of Monmouth was fought.[106] John Boyd, the first Presbyterian minister trained in the New World, was buried here in 1708.

Robertsville Elementary School[edit]

Originally built in 1832, Robertsville Elementary School was once a one-room schoolhouse that was built on the corner of Tennent and Union Hill Roads. It was remodeled/rebuilt in 1912 and used for special education purposes at that time. This building is still standing today. The current Robertsville School was constructed in 1968 down the road from the original schoolhouse. It is believed to have been named after Matthew Roberts, a prominent businessman in the day.[107] In addition to the school use, it was also used for weekly Methodist services by the congregation that evolved into the Robertsville Bible Church.[citation needed]

September 11 Memorial[edit]

A memorial was constructed in memory of the 14 township residents killed as the result of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Located near the Marlboro Recreation Center, the memorial consists of a circle of flowering dogwoods, surrounding benches and a memorial fountain on the township municipal grounds.[108] The memorial was badly damaged and is currently being renovated after a serious motor vehicle accident in 2009.

Battle of Monmouth[edit]

The Battle of Monmouth as well as a number of skirmishes were fought near Marlboro Township during the American Revolutionary War. Many area placards and signs can be found on the local roads to identify specific local events from the battle. The Marlboro Township area farms were often raided by the British for food supplies and local livestock taken from area farmers. Following defeat in this battle, the British retreat from the area to their ships in the bay. A local state park, Monmouth Battlefield State Park, nearby in Freehold Township and Manalapan Township provides local reference to this historic event.

Township historic markers[edit]

Many of the houses and buildings located in the area commonly known as the "center of town" (around the intersection of Route 79 and School Road), are older historic buildings. Many of them contain signs in front of them identifying the individual buildings and their historic significance. Among the buildings identified, one building was one of the first churches in the area (now a dance studio), another was the childhood home of 24th Vice President of the United States Garret Augustus Hobart (now an art studio), and another was the old parsonage (now a hair cutting business).

Liberty Hall/Hardy Blacksmith Shop[edit]

Liberty Hall also went by the name of Alfred Hardy & Son Blacksmith Shop, was a small brick building located on Route 79 in the small section of Morganville. The building was reportedly built around 1880. The building name could faintly be seen in scripted letters painted over the door of the building. The blacksmith shop operated into the early 20th century and was one of the last blacksmith operations in the area. Following the blacksmith shop closing, the building housed a machine shop until 1942 when a small defense contractor, Lavoie Laboratories bought it to produce radio gear for the military.[109] In 1966, Lavoie sold it to Entron Industries, a manufacturer of missile circuitry that occupied the building until the mid-1970s. The building was torn down in June 2012 after being in disrepair and abandoned.[110]

Old Brick Church[edit]

This church was known as the Freehold-Middletown Dutch Congregation (now Old Brick Church.) The Dutch residents who attended this church names appear in the early records and grave stones dating from 1709 (early records were written in the Dutch language.) In the beginning when services began, circa 1699, the preachers would come across the bay in small boats from Long Island to provide the service to the people of the parish.[67]

Federal Hall[edit]

Built circa 1740 and once owned by the Ely family, the Federal style house resembles a steamboat with a rounded north end. The smokehouse and ice house remain intact. During the early 19th century, the house served as an inn.[111] The house of one of a few of this style left in the country.

Beacon Hill[edit]

Being the second highest point in the county, Col. Asher Holmes was ordered to construct three beacons as part of 23 state-wide warning beacons. Used to signal local militia of British invasion, each pyramid of logs was 18 feet (5.5 m) high and 20 feet (6.1 m) wide. When filled with brush and lit, the fires could be seen through the area. It was one of three Monmouth County sites where beacons were placed to warn the residents and the Continental forces if the enemy should approach by the bay.[112]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Marlboro Township's Municipal Complex contains the Town Hall and administrative offices, police station, Board of Education office, recreation center, recycling center, and other facilities

Marlboro Township is governed within the Faulkner Act under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government.[6]

The Mayor is elected directly and the Marlboro Township Council is made up of five members, with all elected positions chosenat-large to serve four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with a municipal election conducted every other year on the first Tuesday in November. Two council seats come up for election together with the mayoral seat and the three other council seats come up for vote two years later. At a reorganization meeting held in January after each election, the Council selects a President and Vice-President from among its members. As the township's legislative body, the council sets policies, approves budgets, determines municipal tax rates, and passes resolutions and ordinances to govern the township. The Council also appoints citizen volunteers to certain advisory boards and the Zoning Board of Adjustment. The Council may investigate the conduct of any department, officer or agency of the municipal government. They have full power of subpoena as permitted by statute.

As of 2014, the Mayor of Marlboro Township is Democrat Jonathan Hornik, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[113] Members of the Marlboro Township Council are Council President Scott Metzger (2017), Council Vice President Carol Mazzola (2017), Jeff Cantor (2017), Frank LaRocca (2015) and Randi Marder (2015).[114][115][116][117]

Local political issues[edit]

Political issues in Marlboro include land development and loss of open space, growth of population leading to the need for additional public schools and higher property taxes, and recurring instances of political corruption.

Former three-term mayor Matthew Scannapieco was arrested by the FBI and subsequently pleaded guilty to taking $245,000 in bribes from land developer Anthony Spalliero, in exchange for favorable rulings and sexual favors.[118][119] The same investigation has also resulted in charges against several other township officials as well as a Monmouth County Freeholder.

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Marlboro Township is located in the 6th Congressional District[120] and is part of New Jersey's 13th state legislative district.[9][121][122] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Marlboro Township had been in the 12th state legislative district.[123] Prior to the 2010 Census, Marlboro Township had been split between the 6th Congressional District and the 12th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[123]

New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[124] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[125][126] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[127][128]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 13th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph M. Kyrillos (R, Middletown Township) and in the General Assembly by Amy Handlin (R, Middletown Township) and Declan O'Scanlon (R, Little Silver).[129] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[130] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[131]

Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director.[132] As of 2014, Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township; term ends December 31, 2014),[133] Freeholder Deputy Director Gary J. Rich, Sr. (R, Spring Lake; 2014),[134] Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City; 2016),[135] John P. Curley (R, Middletown Township; 2015)[136] and Serena DiMaso (R, Holmdel Township; 2016).[137][138] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk M. Claire French (Wall Township),[139] Sheriff Shaun Golden (Farmingdale)[140] and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (Middletown Township).[141]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 26,633 registered voters in Marlboro Township, of which 7,125 (26.8%) were registered as Democrats, 4,299 (16.1%) were registered as Republicans and 15,202 (57.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 7 voters registered to other parties.[142]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 49.9% of the vote here (10,014 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 48.1% (9,663 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (155 votes), among the 20,082 ballots cast by the township's 27,603 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.8%.[143] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 50.1% of the vote here (9,378 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 49.2% (9,218 votes) and other candidates with 0.3% (87 votes), among the 18,731 ballots cast by the township's 25,204 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 74.3.[144]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 58.5% of the vote here (7,355 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 36.1% (4,541 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.2% (533 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (80 votes), among the 12,570 ballots cast by the township's 26,863 registered voters, yielding a 46.8% turnout.[145]

Education[edit]

Elementary schooling[edit]

The Marlboro Township Public School District serves students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. The district is composed of eight school facilities: one pre-school, five elementary schools and two middle schools. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's eight schools had an enrollment of 4,587 students and 419.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.93:1.[146] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[147]) are David C. Abbott Early Learning Center[148] for kindergarten and preschool special education (422 students), five elementary schools for grades 1-5: Frank Defino Central Elementary School[149] (558), Frank J. Dugan Elementary School[150] (626), Asher Holmes Elementary School[151] (542), Marlboro Elementary School[152] (473) and Robertsville Elementary School[153] (470); both Marlboro Memorial Middle School home of the Monarch Lions[154] (NA) and Marlboro Middle School home of the Hawks[155] (NA) for grades 6-8.[156][157]

High school[edit]

Marlboro Township has a public high school, Marlboro High School (opened 1968), home of the Mustangs, which is part of the Freehold Regional High School District serving ninth through twelfth grades, with some Marlboro students attending Colts Neck High School.[158] The district also serves students from Colts Neck Township, Englishtown, Farmingdale, Freehold Borough, Freehold Township, Howell Township and Manalapan Township.[159] Many Marlboro students attend the various Learning Centers and Academies available at other district high schools and students from other municipalities in the district attend Marlboro High School's Business Learning Center.[160]

Private schools[edit]

The High Point Schools are a group of private special education elementary and adolescent schools located on a 10-acre (40,000 m2) campus in the Morganville section of the township. The schools have been providing educational and therapeutic services for students ages 5 – 21 who have emotional, behavioral and learning difficulties for 45 years. The staff-to-student ratio is 1:3.[161]

Among other private schools serving Marlboro children is the Solomon Schechter Day School of Greater Monmouth County, a Pre-K to Grade 8 Jewish Day School, which is a member of the Solomon Schechter Day School Association, the educational arm of the United Synagogue of America.[162] Shalom Torah Academy in Morganville is an independent Jewish day school that serves students from the age of two through eighth grade.[163]

School summary[edit]

Marlboro Schools
School name Grades Public Sports facilities available Student population Notes Map
Marlboro Early Learning Center
K
Y
439
Pre-School & Special Ed. Link
Asher Holmes Elementary School
1-5
Y
618
Link
Defino Central Elementary School
1-5
Y
677
Link
Frank J. Dugan Elementary School
1-5
Y
702
Link
Marlboro Elementary School
1-5
Y
595
Robertsville Elementary School
1-5
Y
587
Link
Marlboro Middle School
6-8
Y
1145
Teacher : Student Ratio is 1:13 [164] Link
Marlboro Memorial Middle School
6-8
Y
1063
Link
Solomon Schechter
K-8
N
None
Jewish Day School Link
High Point Schools
K-12
N
None
School for Emotional & Behavioral Problems Link
Marlboro High School
9-12
Y
2152[165]
Link

Library[edit]

The Marlboro Free Public Library is open six days a week (closed Sundays). There are meeting rooms for groups to gather and hold meetings or parties. The children's department is large and well-lit, with a diverse selection of books. There is no additional charge for movie rentals.[166]

Recreation[edit]

Marlboro has a strong Township-sponsored recreation program, with activities for all ages. This includes very popular soccer and basketball[167] leagues for boys and girls; in addition Little League baseball / softball and Pop Warner football / cheerleading, and a growing amateur wrestling program.

In the summer the Township holds free outdoor concerts by notable popular music artists. In recent years performers have included Jay and the Americans, Bill Haley's Comets, Lesley Gore, Little Anthony & The Imperials, Johnny Maestro & The Brooklyn Bridge, The Platters, The Trammps, and The Tokens.

In 2007, Marlboro introduced monthly indoor concerts at the recreation center. These shows feature many upcoming artists as well as local talent. Artists have included Marlboro's own Bedlight For Blue Eyes and Sound The Alarm.

Marlboro is also home to the Marlboro Players, a private theater group that holds open auditions for background roles. Formed in 1975, the group presented its first performance, Don't Drink the Water, in the following spring.[168]

For walkers and bicyclists, two segments of the Henry Hudson Trail have substantial stretches within the township.[169]

Camp Arrowhead (established 1958) is a YMCA summer day camp located on Route 520 across from the abandoned Marlboro Psychiatric Hospital.

General parks[edit]

The Recreation Commission maintains several parks and facilities for public use. However, some ball fields require permits for usage. The following is a list of recreation facilities:

Features of Marlboro Parks[170]
Park Name Soccer Hockey Tennis Handball Tot-Lot Basketball Ball Field Sitting Area Open Field Notes Map
Marlboro Country Park
X
X
X
X
X
X
Swim Club – Membership Required Link
Hawkins Road Park
X
X
X
X
X
Link
Falson Park
X
X
X
Walking Path Available Link
Wicker Place Park
X
X
X
Link
Marlin Estates Park
X
X
X
X
Link
Nolan Road Park
X
X
X
X
Tennis court is out of service and blocked off Link
Municipal Complex
X
X
X
X
Shuffle Board, Walking Path, and shelter building Link
Defino Central School
X
X
X
Robertsville School
X
Recreation Way Park
X
X
X
Link
Union Hill Recreation Complex
X
X
Walking Paths Link
Vanderburg Sports Complex
X
X
X
X
X
Aquatic Center – Membership Required Link
Brandigon Trail[171] Part of Henry Hudson Trail – about 20.27 Acres[172] Link
Big Brook Park[173] A major site for fossils from the Cretaceous and Pleistocene ages[174]
See contaminated sites and hunting below
Link

Dog parks[edit]

Marlboro has an off-leash dog park located at the township municipal complex on Wyncrest Road.[175]

Fossil collecting[edit]

Open to the public, Big Brook transects the border of Colts Neck and Marlboro, New Jersey. The stream cuts through sediments that were deposited during the Late Cretaceous period. Reportedly, prolific finds of fossils, such as shark teeth, and other deposits of Cretaceous marine fossils, including belemnites are frequently found.[176] This is a particularly fossiliferous site, with fish teeth, crab and crustacean claws, shark teeth, rarely dinosaur teeth, dinosaur bone fragments (and on a very rare occasion a complete bone), megalodonyx (prehistoric sloth) teeth and bone fragments—to name a few.[177] Additionally, this area is generally regarded as one of the top three dinosaur fossil sites in the state. Multiple dinosaur finds have been found in this area.[178] Most currently, a leg section from a duckbilled dinosaur called a hadrosaur was found.[179] The first dinosaur discovery in North America was made in 1858 in this area.[180] Several bones from a Mastodon were found in 2009 by an individual fossil hunting.[181] Much of the credit for the fossil finds goes to the vast deposits of marl which is known for its preservation value.[182] The fossil beds can be accessed from the bridge on Monmouth Road in Marlboro.[183]

Bow hunting[edit]

Some areas of Monmouth County Big Brook Park allow bow hunting access with a permit.[184]

Golf[edit]

Bella Vista Country Club has an 18 hole course over 5,923 yards with a par of 70. It is considered a Private Non-Equity club.[185]

Walking/jogging trail[edit]

The Henry Hudson Trail goes through parts of Marlboro. In September 2009, the Monmouth County Park System closed a section of the Henry Hudson Trail Southern Extension going through Marlboro Township (Aberdeen Township to Freehold) for 18 months while a portion of the path that runs through the Imperial Oil superfund clean-up site was remediated.[186]

Festivals[edit]

  • Music Festival - Spring
  • Dinosaur Day - April
  • Memorial Day Parade - May
  • Marlboro Stomp The Monster 5k & Festival - May
  • Marlboro Blues & BBQ Festival - Fall
  • Marlboro Day - Summer/Fall
  • Halloween Party & Parade - October
  • Multicultural Day - November

Summer camps[edit]

Marlboro Township offers a summer camp program for grade school children. The program is a six-week program [with an optional 7th week consisting of aqua-week]. It is run by the Marlboro Township Recreation & Parks Commission.

Wineries[edit]

Future open space[edit]

The township has attempted to preserve the areas known as F&F properties, Stattel's Farm and McCarron Farm (also known as Golden Dale Farm) from future development. The last two farms are currently working farms and while the township has purchased the development rights on the property, their fate remains unknown.[187] The development rights of F&F property were purchased for $869,329 to keep the 79-acre (320,000 m2) site as open space.

Open space funding is paid for by a number of sources. State and local sources account for most of the funding. Marlboro obtains the funding from a special tax assessment. The town collects $600,000 annually from a local open space tax assessment of 2 cents per $100 of assessed valuation.[188]

Area attractions[edit]

Marlboro Township is located near some major East Coast recreation attractions. One of the most notable of these attractions is the Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson Township. The Jersey Shore is also another close feature which is located south by taking Route 18 or by taking County Route 520 east. The Freehold Raceway Mall is a super-regional mall anchored by J.C. Penney, Lord & Taylor, Macy's, Nordstrom and Sears. For horse racing, the Freehold Raceway is the oldest half-mile racetrack in the United States, it offers harness racing. The Manasquan Reservoir is 30 minutes south on Route 9 and offers nature and exercise related activities such as fishing, non-powered water sports, bird watching, jogging, biking, and paths for dog walking. The reservoir also has a regionally known Environmental Center offering nature exhibits where people can go see the local wildlife found at the park and region.

Contaminated and Superfund sites[edit]

Underground storage tanks[edit]

The NJDEP lists 39 known locations of underground storage tank contamination in Marlboro Township.[189]

Burnt Fly Bog[edit]

Located off Tyler Lane and Spring Valley Road on the Old Bridge Township border, the area of Burnt Fly Bog in Marlboro Township is listed as a Superfund clean-up site. It is a rural area covering approximately 1,700 acres (6.9 km2), most of it in Marlboro Township, Monmouth County, New Jersey. During the 1950s and early 1960s, many unlined lagoons were used for storage of waste oil. As a result, at least 60 acres (240,000 m2) of the bog have been contaminated. In addition to the current contaminated area, the site still consists of: four lagoons; an approximately 13,000-cubic-yard mound of sludge; and an undetermined number of exposed and buried drums. The site is a ground water discharge area for the Englishtown Aquifer. In this bog, ground water, surface water, and air are contaminated by oil and various organic chemicals. Contaminants known to be present include ethylbenzene, methylene chloride, tetrachloroethylene, toluene, base neutral acids, metals, PAHs, PCBs, unknown liquid waste, and VOCs.[190]

A number of studies have been mounted starting in 1981. At that time the EPA awarded a Cooperative Agreement and funds to New Jersey under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. Early in 1982, EPA used CERCLA funds to install a 900-foot (270 m) fence and repair a 6-foot (1.8 m) section of a dike. In 1983, the state completed (1) a field investigation to study the ground water, (2) a feasibility study for removal of contaminated soil and drums, and (3) a feasibility study for closing the site. EPA and the state continue negotiating agreements for further cleanup activities.[191]

Up to the year 2003, 33,600 cubic yards or sedimentation, sludge and soil have been removed for disposal and incineration.[192] The area was then back filled with top soil. In June 2011 a 5 year review of the site was published. At that time the remediation status was complete as of date: 9/21/2004. Finally a fence has been installed around the entire site to restrict access and protect human health but has been breached in several locations. The downstream area was cleaned up to residential levels. It was recommended that the NJDEP continued monitoring off Site groundwater for five years. The final suggestion was "Since hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants remain at the Site which do not allow for unlimited use or unrestricted exposure, in accordance with 40 CFR 300.430 (f) (4) (ii), the remedial action for the Site shall be reviewed no less often than every five years. EPA will conduct another five-year review prior to June 2016."[193]

Imperial Oil Co.[edit]

This 15-acre (61,000 m2) part of land was owned by Imperial Oil Co./Champion Chemicals. The site was added to the National Priorities List of Superfund sites in 1983.[194] The site consists of six production, storage, and maintenance buildings and 56 above-ground storage tanks. Known contamination includes PCBs, arsenic, lead and total petroleum hydrocarbons.[195] A number of companies may have been responsible for waste oil discharges and arsenical pesticides released to a nearby stream as industrial operations date back to 1912. The area is protected by a fence that completely encloses it. This site is being addressed through Federal and State actions. The Mayor of Marlboro Township, Mr. Hornik, said the polluted site is considered one of the worst in the country.[196]

In 1991, EPA excavated and disposed of an on-site waste filter clay pile. In 1997, EPA posted warning signs on the Henry Hudson Trail which is located near the site and the tarp covering the remaining waste filter clay pile was replaced to prevent human contact and limit the migration of the contamination. Arsenic and metals continued to be found in soils in the vicinity of this site.[197] In April 2002, EPA excavated and disposed of a 25-foot (7.6 m) by 25-foot (7.6 m) area of soil containing a tar-like material discovered outside of the fenced area. The presence of elevated levels of PCBs and lead in this material may have presented a physical contact threat to trespassers. In April 2004, 18,000 cubic yards of contaminated soil were removed from Birch Swamp Brook and adjacent properties. In August 2007, EPA arranged for 24-hour security at the site, given that Imperial Oil declared bankruptcy and ceased operations at the site during July 2007.[198]

The EPA announced in 2009 the start-up of remediation activities for contaminated soils at the site now called "Operable Unit 3" (OU3). Marlboro Township has benefited from the $10–$25 million in stimulus funding to pay for the cost of this cleanup.[199]

On May 3, 2012, the EPA held a press conference. The spokesman "Enck said a $50 million effort over 25 years has cleaned the property, removing 4,600 gallons of oil that pooled on the land, along with 30 million gallons of ground water and 180,000 cubic yards of soil." A total of $17 million for the clean-up came from the federal Superfund program, with $33 million from the American Resource and Recovery Act.[200]

Marlboro Middle School[edit]

Marlboro Middle School contamination issue was an issue which was handled by the state and local level. It was not a Superfund site. This field was an Angus bull farm prior to being donated to the town for school construction. During the soccer fields improvement program, tests were conducted at the soccer complex which showed elevated levels of unspecified contaminants. The Mayor closed the fields as soon as the test results came in. The township then applied for and received a grant to help with the anticipated remediation work. Marlboro received money from the Hazardous Discharge Site Remediation Fund to conduct the soil remediation at site of work being done to the soccer complex.[201]

Entron Industries site[edit]

This property clean-up is being handled through the NJEDA and is not considered a Superfund clean-up site. The site is located at the northeastern intersection of Route 79 and Beacon Hill Road. There were a total of 10 buildings on the site along with wooded areas. Investigations found the presence of a variety of unspecified environmental contaminants associated with the construction of rocket launcher parts. In addition, investigations included possible groundwater contamination on the property. There are no current known plans for clean-up, however, public hearings have been held to start the process of clean-up and redevelopment of the area.[202] Marlboro township was given a total of $200,000 in two different grants to complete remedial investigation of the site by the NJEDA.[203] The mayor has suggested it may take up to $5 million to clean up the land[204]

After a number of public hearings,[205] on July 14, 2011, a resolution was put forth authorizing the execution of the redevelopment agreement between The Township Of Marlboro And K-Land Corporation For The Property Known As Tax Block 132, Lot 18 (the Entron Industries site).[206] The developer suggested an investment of $100 million to clean up and develop the site.[207] The site is currently under redevelopment. K-land and Marlboro reached an agreement for the development of the Property to include 365 residential units, thirty-three percent of which would be set aside as affordable units.[208] The Redeveloper will be creating "Camelot at Marlboro".[209]

Arky property[edit]

This is a non-Superfund clean-up site with focus by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. It is located at 217 Route 520 in Marlboro Township. This 22-acre (89,000 m2) site was an automobile junkyard. Contamination consisted of volatile organic compounds in the groundwater and soil contamination of metals, trichloroethylene (TCE), methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).[210] Initial clean-up consisted of removal of the contaminated soil. Also found were buried drums of unknown product. There were 22 drums removed. In 1998, NJDEP conducted a second drum removal action. They excavated 70 buried drums and removed some of the contaminated soil around the drums. The drums of hazardous wastes had been crushed and buried prior to 1987. To further monitor the property, NJDEP has installed additional monitor wells near the site to collect ground water samples. Investigations are continuing to determine if additional contamination is present on the site which would require clean-up actions.[211]

DiMeo property[edit]

This 77-acre (310,000 m2) property[212] was purchased by Marlboro Township under P.B. 938-05[213] for recreational uses, including walking-jogging trails, a playground area and a picnic grove area.[214] The property is located at Pleasant Valley and Conover roads. Clean-up is being handled through the NJEDA and is not considered a Superfund clean-up site. In 2004, Schoor DePalma[215] addressed the contaminated soil on the property. The soil on this property had widespread hazardous levels of arsenic, lead, pesticides and petroleum related contamination; consistent with farming related operations.[216] Additionally, the property contains a pond that is polluted with arsenic.[217]

After clean-up, deep monitoring wells were created. In 2007, Birdsall Engineering investigated arsenic and pesticide contamination on the property. Two isolated hot spots were found with high levels of pesticides. The clean-up work was funded by the state farmland preservation program.[218] In 2008, Marlboro Township received state funds for continued clean-up and monitoring by the NJEDA.[219]

This property is on the border of the land that formerly housed the Marlboro State Psychiatric Hospital. This presents its own possibilities, should the Township of Marlboro purchase the hospital property.

Big Brook Park[edit]

This site is being addressed through state and local department and funds and is not a superfund clean-up site. In 1997, the Monmouth County Park System bought 378 acres (1.53 km2) of the closed Marlboro Psychiatric Hospital land. The intent is to create a regional park, similar to Holmdel Park.[220] It is also expected to be home to part of the Henry Hudson Trail.[221] The plans for the property have not been completed, in part due to potential environmental contamination.[222] Preliminary environmental studies by Birdsall Engineering found asbestos and oil contamination on the grounds.[223] Additionally, they identify that there is agricultural grade arsenic, reportedly a byproduct of farming, on the land.[224] In an attempt to further classify the contamination, the Luis Berger Group has done further testing on this site. They are reporting that the arsenic found on the site is "actually a naturally occurring condition in local and regional soil in this area". Additionally they reported that the site contamination found in the prior study was caused by a number of factors, including a former septic system (Marlboro Psychiatric Hospital discharged the effluent from the hospital into Big Brook[225]), pesticide mixing building, fuel oil underground storage tank, and construction debris. This evaluation made the following recommendations to the NJDEP:

  • Tank storage closure and removal—Excavation of surficial soils along with post excavation sampling
  • Removal of septic systems
  • Asbestos abatement
  • Wetlands restoration

Marlboro Psychiatric Hospital[edit]

The site of the closed Marlboro Psychiatric Hospital has on-site contamination—it is not considered a Superfund clean-up site. Mayor Jonathan Hornik estimates it could cost more than $11 million to clean up. Mayor Jonathan Hornik stated that the state clearly has the responsibility for cleaning up the site. He however, stated that in the interest of getting it done, the township may have to show some flexibility in helping the state defray the costs.[226] In addition to the contamination on the site, the old buildings from the hospital are now in a state of decay and are not being maintained.

Murray property[edit]

This site is being addressed through state and local funds and is not considered a Superfund clean-up site. The property is contaminated with an undisclosed substance. To clean up the contamination, 1,708 cubic yards of soil was removed. The site is located on Prescott Drive, Block 233 Lot 13.[227]

Sister cities[edit]

Marlboro has two sister cities:

Marlboro's first sister city, Nanto was formerly known as Johana. It was officially Marlboro's sister city in August 1991. The mayor, Saul Hornik, signed the agreement for the exchange program with Johana's mayor. Marlboro's second sister city, Wujiang[228] is an urban city in Jiangsu Province of southeast China. It has been regarded for "The Land of Rice and Fish" and "The Capital of Silk". It is recently known for being the "Capital of Electronics". Wujiang officially became a sister city with Marlboro in December 2011.[229]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Marlboro Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Departments, Marlboro Township. Accessed July 13, 2012.
  5. ^ Municipal Clerk, Marlboro Township. Accessed July 13, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 63.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Marlboro, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
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