Marlborough Royal Free Grammar School

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Marlborough Royal Free Grammar School
Motto "Non nobis solum"
Established 1550[1]
Closed 1975
Type grammar school
Location Marlborough
Wiltshire
England Coordinates: 51°25′N 1°43′W / 51.41°N 1.72°W / 51.41; -1.72
Local authority Wiltshire County Council
Ages 11–18

Marlborough Royal Free Grammar School, previously known as Marlborough Grammar School and King Edward's School, Marlborough, was a grammar school in the town of Marlborough, in Wiltshire, England, founded in 1550.

Originally for boys only, the school became co-educational in 1906. Over a period of more than four hundred years, it had a number of homes around Marlborough. In 1975 it was closed, and its final buildings were re-used for the new St John's Marlborough comprehensive school.

History[edit]

The Abolition of Chantries Act of 1547 closed all of the Kingdom of England's chantries, including the Hospital of St John, Marlborough. The town's burgesses then petitioned the Crown for the hospital to be converted into a "'Free-scole for the inducement of youth", and by letters patent dated 18 October 1550 a grammar school was established.[2][3] The former hospital thus became the school's first home, but in 1578 it was demolished and a new building was erected which provided a schoolroom, a house for the schoolmaster, and dormitories. This survived until 1790.[2]

The school was sometimes known as King Edward's School, Marlborough,[4] but in the course of the 18th century it began to be known as Marlborough Grammar School.[5] In 1853 it survived a proposal by Earl Bruce to amalgamate it with the new Marlborough College.[6] During the nineteenth century it declined, and in 1899 was closed. However, in 1906 it reopened in new buildings, now taking the form of a mixed school for eighty boys and girls.[7] In 1947 a boarding-house for both sexes was established at Wye House.[2]

Having already occupied a variety of different sites in Marlborough, in 1962 the school again moved into new buildings, this time on the edge of the town centre.[5]

In 1975, the school was closed and merged with the local secondary modern school, Marlborough Secondary Modern, creating a new comprehensive school, St John's Marlborough. It later became St. John's School and Community College, specializing in science, technology and languages. A new school was rebuilt at the upper school site, alongside the old grammar school buildings; the buildings of the two former schools were demolished in 2010. It has since become St John's Marlborough, a centrally funded Academy school.[8]

Headmasters[edit]

  • Dr John Hildrop, 1711[2]
  • Rev. William Stone, 1733–1750[2]
  • Rev. Thomas Neyler the Elder, 1750–1774[2]
  • Rev. Joseph Edwards, 1774–1808[2]
  • Rev. J. T. Lawes, 1809–1828[2]
  • Rev. T. Nayler, 1828[9]
  • Rev. Frederick Hookey Bond, 1853–1877[10]

Notable former pupils[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Alfred Redvers Stedman, A History of Marlborough grammar school 1550-1945 (Devizes, 1945)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Educational Calendar and Scholastic Year-book for 1871, p. 87
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h 'Education', in A History of the County of Wiltshire, vol. 5 (1957), pp. 348-368, accessed 7 April 2013
  3. ^ Alfred Redvers Stedman, A History of Marlborough grammar school 1550-1945 (Devizes, 1945)
  4. ^ William W. Kenawell, Frederick Bligh Bond, The Quest at Glastonbury: a biographical study of Frederick Bligh Bond (1965), p. 20
  5. ^ a b Michael Bosher, Patrick Hazlewood, Nurturing Independent Thinkers: Working with an Alternative Curriculum (2005), p. 15
  6. ^ The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine, vols. 78-80 (Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society - 1983), p. 74
  7. ^ John Carey, William Golding: The Man Who Wrote Lord of the Flies (2012), p. 3
  8. ^ Camilla officially opens St John's, Marlborough, from The Wiltshire Gazette and Herald at gazetteandherald.co.uk
  9. ^ The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 144 (1828), p. 461
  10. ^ Rev. Frederick Hookey Bond (I17188) at stanford.edu, accessed 5 April 2013
  11. ^ Frederick Bligh Bond at digitalseance.wordpress.com, accessed 5 April 2013
  12. ^ Edward Caswall at oce.catholic.com, accessed 7 April 2013
  13. ^ Charley Chenery at englandfootballonline.com, accessed 7 April 2013
  14. ^ 'Dodson, Michael' in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (OUP, 2007)
  15. ^ Harold Bloom, William Golding's Lord of the Flies (2010), p. 9
  16. ^ Notable People at insidewiltshire.co.uk, accessed 7 April 2013
  17. ^ 'Harte, Walter', in Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 25 (Wikisource text)
  18. ^ "Henry Moule (ML817H)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  19. ^ 'Whitelocke, John', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (OUP, 2007)