Marlin Mineral Water Pavilion, 2011
|Nickname(s): The Mineral Water City of Texas|
Location of Marlin, Texas
|Country||United States of America|
|• Total||4.6 sq mi (11.8 km2)|
|• Land||4.5 sq mi (11.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||390 ft (119 m)|
|• Density||1,465.4/sq mi (565.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1362189|
Marlin is a city in Falls County, Texas, United States. The population was 6,628 at the 2000 census but decreased by 10 percent to 5,967 in 2010. Since 1851, it has been the third county seat of Falls County. Marlin has been given the nickname "the Hot Mineral Water City of Texas". Mineral waters were found there in 1892.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Transportation
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Government and infrastructure
- 6 Education
- 7 Newspapers
- 8 Culture
- 9 Notable people
- 10 Pictures
- 11 Climate
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The city of Marlin is located about four miles (6 km) east of the Brazos River, which runs straight through the center of the county. That was the site of Sarahville de Viesca, established in 1834 by Sterling C. Robertson. Marlin was incorporated in 1867. It is named after a pioneer patriot, John Marlin. His son-in-law, Samuel A. Blain, laid out streets and lots and drafted a map around a square. Three churches - Presbyterian, Methodist, and Baptist — were given lots first and relocated to the east side of the square. Zenas Bartlett's General Store was the first business to be established in Marlin. When Bartlett's wife died, the store was deeded to the city and used as a town hall. A simple brick building temporarily stood as a school. The first of four county courthouses was a log cabin. It was used for county business and court, a school, a church, a meeting place for political and community events, and as a dance hall. The fourth and present courthouse was constructed in 1938 and 1939, after the third courthouse, which was built in 1887, was declared unsafe.
Before the county of Falls was organized, the settlement of Marlin already had established private schools. A tuition school, Marlin Male and Female Academy was located on Ward Street in 1871, north of the public square. The school was renamed and relocated before finally being sold in 1886, only to be destroyed by fire in 1900. A new public brick school was constructed in 1903. The Marlin Independent School District was established in 1923. Nearly half a century before in 1875, two other schools for African Americans were organized. The two black schools were dependent on state funds, and met in the African and Baptist churches. In 1916, the city council voted to build a school for blacks, which after it was first built, it was moved to Commerce Street, and named Booker T. Washington. The two school districts merged in 1968 into the Marlin Independent School District. In 1900, the town's Jewish residents organized a Sunday school.
1890s Bring Good to Marlin; Falls and Arlington Hotels
Despite not officially going over 8,000 (the largest population was recorded by the official US Census at about 7900 in both 1950 and 1980) Marlin did get many tourists from around the country for its famous mineral water, which was believed to heal any sickness or pain, by bathing in it. Even though the waters had a smell to them, they still seemed to be 'magic' when people bathed in the stuff, and actually felt better. Bath houses were opened around the town of Marlin so people could come and takes bathes in the mineral water, after it was discovered in 1892 during the search for an artesian well. The mineral water had put the town on the map as hundreds of thousands of tourists flocked to the area. With the end of WWII and the advent of penicillin there began a national and local decline in the hot mineral bath industry.
The Bank of Marlin was opened in 1892 and operated until the early 1960s.
In 1929, Conrad Hilton built his eighth Hilton Hotel in his chain in Marlin, a nine-floor, 110 room Falls Hotel, which could be seen for miles from the city limits of Marlin. Across the street was the Marlin Sanitarium Bathhouse. An underground tunnel connected the two buildings.
A fire destroyed the underground tunnel, the Sanitarium Bath House and Buie Clinic. Except for three businesses located on the ground floor, the Falls Hotel was subsequently closed. The hotel building remains the tallest building in Falls County. The location of the bath house is adjacent to the city post office and a gazebo and park occupy the site of the bathhouse and clinic buildings. The first Arlington Hotel was first built as a three-floor hotel in 1895, and burned in 1899. An even more grand structure made of brick and stone followed, and was the headquarters of the New York Giants baseball team from about 1900 - 1920.
The first floor of the Falls Hotel is the only part of the hotel that the public may visit. Original rooms of the hotel are now another Mexican restaurant, a beauty salon, and an eye doctor. City events are also held in the ballroom of the Falls Hotel.
Mineral water now can only be obtained from a fountain outside the Marlin Chamber of Commerce.
Modern Utilities in Marlin
Phones began appearing in households in Marlin in the year 1900. Automobiles, electricity, and Lone Star gas followed shortly. By the mid-1900s, Marlin had a bottling company, stock pens, a brickyard, a turkey-processing plant, (building can still be seen on Williams Street/South Business Highway 6) a saddlery, a water crystallization plant, and a pottery plant.
At the census in 2000, Marlin had a population of 6,628, an increase of 242 more people from 1990, when the census said Marlin had a population of 6,386. The population of Marlin has declined to about 5900 residents as of 2010.
Wallace, a business-form printing company which was the job center of hundreds in Marlin, closed in the mid-2000s. Marlin Mills, a carpet manufacturing company closed with the 1980's economic decline and a styrofoam company that had been open in another building in Marlin's declining industrial park caught fire and the remains were demolished. The Thomas T. Connally Veteran's Affair Hospital, a five floor building in the residential area of Marlin, located at the corner of Ward and Virginia Streets closed in 2005, losing even more than a hundred jobs to Marlinites, as the economy in Marlin continued to struggle.
By 2009, different census estimates had said that Marlin's population had decreased by 400 to 800 people. An article in the Waco Tribune-Herald reported that Marlin could grow, having noted the establishment of a $10-million water plant. The article mentions a three-floor, sixty-room Best Western Hotel under constructed on Highway 6 at Farm-to-Market Road 147. The Texas Department of Criminal Justice was establishing a hospital for prisoners at the former Veterans' Affairs Hospital which was expected to employ 100 to 150 persons. However, funds for the proposed Texas Department of Criminal Justice hospital were reallocated to renovate the TDJC hospital in Galveston which was badly damaged by Hurricane Rita. Proposed The Arlington Hotel was first built as a three-floor hotel in 1895, and burned in 1899. An even more grand structure made of brick and stone followed, but it was soon closed as well. When in about 1930 the Moody family of Galveston bought the Marlin Hilton Hotel from Conrad Hilton's first venture into his failed hotel business, the Moody's bought and tore down the Arlington Hotel to eliminate any competition.
Along with the decline of the hot mineral industry almost all other "bathhouse related" business were, over the years, closed and their structure demolished. There remains the mineral water fountain located in the chamber of commerce building as the only venue for obtaining samples if the once famous mineral baths.
The proposed facility of the Bible Way Church Family Worship Center' that was supposed to house a church and a community center with sports, a medical clinic, skating, and other activities has never been built.
"Coach" Ken Carter proposed to, in the fall of 2009, open a boarding school for disadvantaged boys. The boarding school was supposed to have been where the elementary and them the middle school were located. The subject of the Carter was the focus of the 2005 film, "Coach Carter." This has not come to fruition.
The Heart of Texas Council of Governments granted the city of Marlin $35,000 to remove fifteen dilapidated buildings and structures in the town, which included three hundred tons of debris. Many other structures are in dire need of demolition. The streets are in serious decay.
New is the construction of over six miles of water lines on twenty streets in 2011. The city also started and completed a 500,000-gallon water tower project.
In 2011, the city brought back its Annual Music and Blues Festival, and even raised money to revamp the city baseball fields and revive the City Little League, which attracted 160 children that year.
Marlin is located at (31.307975, -96.892975).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 km2), of which, 4.5 square miles (12 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (1.09%) is water.
Highways and other major roads
- Texas State Highway 6, also known as Williams, Craik Streets in city limits.
- Texas State Highway 7, also known as Bridge, Live Oak Streets in city limits.
- Farm-to-market road 147, starts at Highway 7 and ends at Highway 14 less than four miles southwest of Groesbeck.
Marlin and Falls County are served by the Marlin Municipal Airport, located about three miles (5 km) northeast of the Marlin city limits.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,628 people, 2,415 households, and 1,509 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,465.4 people per square mile (566.2/km²). There were 2,826 housing units at an average density of 624.8 per square mile (241.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.00% White, 24.48% African American[inconsistent], 0.27% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 11.62% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.30% of the population.
There were 2,415 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.7% were married couples living together, 22.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the city the population was spread out with 33.2% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $21,443, and the median income for a family was $26,861. Males had a median income of $25,220 versus $18,111 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,555. About 27.9% of families and 31.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.8% of those under age 18 and 16.8% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Marlin Unit, a transfer facility for men, in the City of Marlin. The unit opened in June 1992 and was transferred to the Texas Youth Commission (TYC) in May 1995. When it was a part of TYC, the facility, named the Marlin Orientation and Assessment Unit, served as the place of orientation for children of both sexes being committed into TYC from the facility's opening in 1995 to its transfer out of TYC in 2007. In September 2007 the facility was transferred back to the TDCJ. The TDCJ also operates the William P. Hobby Unit, a prison for women located southwest of Marlin in unincorporated Falls County and named for former Lieutenant Governor Bill Hobby.
The city of Marlin has had several newspapers. The current one that has been serving Marlin since 1890 is the Marlin Democrat, http://www.marlindemocrat.com issued every Wednesday. Other newspapers that were being published in the 19th and 20th centuries were The Falls County Freeman, ran by the black community. The Marlin Ball was first established in 1874 by T.C. Oltorf and continued until about the year of 1901. The Falls County Record was popular during the 1940s and 1950s. To this day, The Marlin Democrat and The Rosebud News remain the only active newspapers in Falls County.
Marlinites have enjoyed the revival of the Marlin Music and Blues Festival since 2011. Originally the Wood Street Blues Festival from 2003 to 2005, the event was held in late May on consecutive days in honor of musician Blind Willie Johnson, a former resident of Marlin.
In May 2013, after a hiatus, the famous Marlin Festival Days returned to the city park.
Filmed in Marlin
- Leadbelly (1976) starring Roger E. Mosley; took place on and around Wood Street.
- Infamous (2006) starring Sandra Bullock; took place around Falls County Courthouse and run-down homes of Marlin.
- O.L. Rapson, first manager of the Grand Rapids Hotel and manager of small store outside of Marlin.
- Marlin is the attributed birthplace of blues/gospel street musician Blind Willie Johnson, although his birth records, if they exist, are lost. His birthplace has also been traced to Beaumont, Texas.
- Tom Connally, U.S. Senator from 1928 to 1952; chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee during World War II; member of the United States House of Representative from 1918 to 1928
- Marlin was the spring training site of John McGraw's New York Giants from 1908 to 1918.
- Marlin is the birthplace of world champion boxer, Bruce Curry, born in 1956.
- State Representative Dan Kubiak of Rockdale, Texas, graduated from Marlin High School in 1957.
- New York Jets running back LaDainian Tomlinson was born in Marlin. Tomlinson Hill, an incorporated community just five miles (8 km) west of Marlin, is named for his family. Others claim that Tomlinson was born in Rosebud.
- Marlin serves as a second home to Ken "Coach" Carter, who in Fall of 2009, opened up an unconventional boarding school in the town.
- Danario Alexander, a wide receiver who played college football at the University of Missouri and signed with the St. Louis Rams on August 22, 2010, was born in Marlin and graduated from Marlin High School in 2006. Alexander now plays for the San Diego Chargers.
- Bobbi Humphrey, a jazz flautist and singer was born in Marlin in 1950.
- Phil Wellman, a minor league player and manager infamous for his tirade against umpires after ejection.
- Tank Hopkins, a collegiate football player and cornerback for the Hawaii Warriors.
- Ben Herbert Rice, Federal District Judge appointed by President Harry Truman
- Ben Clarkson Connally, Federal District Judge appointed by President Harry Truman
- Neil D. Buie, Sr., president of the Texas Medical Association, Chairman of the Texas Medical Board of Examiners, a founder of the Texas Department of Mental Health
- Fred Hartman, Civic leader and editor of the Baytown Sun from 1950-1974. He worked to build a bridge over the Houston Ship Channel and it was completed in 1995.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Marlin has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Marlin at the TexasAlmanac.com
- "Marlin, Texas", found in the Encyclopedia of Southern Jewish Communities,
- City Demolishes 15 Rundown structures
- City adds over six miles of water lines and 500,000 gallon water tower
- Marlin Blues Festival Returns After Five-Year Hiatus
- Season opens for Marlin Little League
- City's Crime Rate Significant Drop in 2011
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Marlin Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on September 22, 2010.
- "Facility Address List." Texas Youth Commission. November 10, 2001. Retrieved on June 24, 2010.
- "How Offenders Move Through TYC." Texas Youth Commission. November 10, 2001. Retrieved on June 24, 2010.
- "Hobby Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on September 22, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - MARLIN." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 22, 2010.
- Blues Festival is a great success
- The 'Blues' are back Festival
- Marlin gears up for the return of Festival Days
- Danario Alexander Football Camp
- Films Shot in Marlin
- Marlin, Texas film locations
- Alexander, Charles C. (1995). John McGraw. Bison Books, reprint from Viking. p. 48. ISBN 0-8032-5925-5.
- "Daniel Kubiak". cemetery.state.tx.us. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Coach Carter opens up boys academy
- Tank Hopkins on Hawaii's athletic site
- Climate Summary for Marlin, Texas
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