Marlon Green

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Marlon Dewitt Green[1] (June 6, 1929 – July 6, 2009) was an African-American pilot whose landmark United States Supreme Court decision in 1963 helped dismantle racial discrimination in the American passenger airline industry, leading to David Harris' hiring as the first African-American pilot for a major airline the following year. Green was subsequently hired by Continental Airlines, for whom he flew from 1965 to 1978.

Biography[edit]

Marlon Green was born in El Dorado, Arkansas. His father, Mickinley Green, was born in 1900,[citation needed] and married Green's future mother, Lucy, on April 10, 1921.[citation needed] Green's brother Rudolph Valentino Green was born in 1928, followed by Marlon (June 6, 1929); Jean Evelyn (1933); James Zell (1936); and Allen David (1941).[citation needed]

In 1936 or 1937, the family moved to Lansing, Michigan, where he found work at the Drop Forge Company. He later joined the household staff of dentist J. Shelton Rushing as what his son called the major domo.[2]

Marlon Green joined the United States Air Force, where his last posting was flying the SA-16 Albatross with the 36th Air Rescue Squadron at Johnson Air Base in Tokyo, Japan.[3] While on leave in 1957, he applied for a pilot position with Continental Airlines, and was invited to be interviewed after having left blank the racial-identity question on the application.[3] He also omitted pasting into the small square block provided in the upper right hand corner of the first page of the application, a picture of himself, Five other white applicants, less qualified, were hired. (Black Wings, Smithsonian Channel, Don Post, Producer) Per varying sources, he either was rejected then,[3] or was hired as what would have been the nation's first African-American pilot for a major commercial airline, but was rejected after reporting for orientation.[4] On April 22, 1963, following oral arguments on March 28, 1963, the United States Supreme Court ruled in "Colorado Anti-Discrimination Commission v. Continental Airlines, Inc. 372 U.S. 714 no. 146" that Green had been unlawfully discriminated against.[5][Note 1] In 1964, American Airlines hired David Harris as the first African-American pilot for major US passenger airline.[4] Following his Supreme Court victory, Green flew for Continental from 1965 to 1978, initially piloting Vickers Viscounts out of Denver.[3] He became a captain in 1966.[citation needed]

Green died aged 80 in Denver, Colorado. He was divorced and is survived by his three daughters and three sons.[6] On February 16, 2010,[7] at George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston, Texas,[3] Continental Airlines named a Boeing 737-824 (N77518, cn 31605)>[8] after him.[7]

During his lifetime, Green was inducted into the Arkansas Aviation Hall of Fame.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Per the court decision, Green had not been formally hired: "His application was submitted at Continental's headquarters in Denver, Colorado, and was later considered and rejected there."[5]
  2. ^ Archived version does not include photo of the aircraft

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whitlock, Flint (2009). Turbulence Before Takeoff: The Life & Times of Aviation Pioneer Marlon Dewitt Green. Cable Publishing. ISBN 978-1-934980-66-8. 
  2. ^ Whitlock[page needed]
  3. ^ a b c d e "Black Airline Pilots: Marlon Green". AvStop.com / Aviation Online. 
  4. ^ a b Stewart, D. R. (February 28, 2008). "AA Honors First Black Airline Pilot". Tulsa World (Oklahoma). Archived from the original on December 20, 2011. "Marlon Green would have been the nation's first African-American commercial pilot, but 10 airlines rejected his application in 1957 after a nine-year Air Force career. Accepted by Continental Airlines, Green showed up for orientation classes and was promptly rejected. It took a unanimous decision by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1963 to force Continental to reinstate Green, who flew for the airline from 1965 to 1978." 
  5. ^ a b Colorado Anti-Discrimination Comm'n v. Continental Air Lines, Inc., 372 U.S., 714 (Supreme Court 1963-04-22).
  6. ^ Virginia Culver (2009-07-10). "Pilot Marlon D. Green fought racial discrimination". The Denver Post (Denver, Colo.). Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  7. ^ a b Buggs, Shannon (February 19, 2010). "Milestone in Diversity / Continental Airlines names jetliner after trailblazing pilot". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2010. 
  8. ^ Slusarczyk, Chuck, Jr., ed. (April 30, 2010). "Aviation Gallery". OPShots.net. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. [Note 2]
  9. ^ "Honoring an icon". Miami, Florida: New Hope Flight Training Academy. undated. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. 

External links[edit]