Marmora and Lake

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Marmora and Lake
Municipality (lower-tier)
Municipality of Marmora and Lake
Municipal office in Marmora
Municipal office in Marmora
Marmora and Lake is located in Southern Ontario
Marmora and Lake
Marmora and Lake
Location in southern Ontario
Coordinates: 44°38′33″N 77°44′14″W / 44.64250°N 77.73722°W / 44.64250; -77.73722Coordinates: 44°38′33″N 77°44′14″W / 44.64250°N 77.73722°W / 44.64250; -77.73722[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Hastings
Settled 1821 (1821)
Incorporated January 1, 2001
Government
 • Type Township
 • Reeve Terry Clemens
 • Federal riding Prince Edward—Hastings
 • Prov. riding Prince Edward—Hastings
Area[2]
 • Land 556.19 km2 (214.75 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 274 m (899 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 4,074
 • Density 7.3/km2 (19/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code K0K 2M0
Area code(s) 613 and 343
Website www.marmoraandlake.ca
Ontario Highway 7 through Marmora

Marmora and Lake is a township municipality in Hastings County in Central Ontario, Canada.[1]

Communities[edit]

  • Cordova Mines
  • Deloro
  • Malone
  • Marmora - largest and primary population centre within the municipality
  • Marmora Station

History[edit]

The original township of Marmora was named in 1820 for the Latin word for marble, while the adjoining Township of Lake was named for Viscount Gerard Lake. The two townships were joined to form the single municipality of Marmora and Lake[when?]. The village of Marmora separated from the township and was incorporated as a separate municipality in 1901.

Mining played an important role in the development of the area. Iron mining was particularly important in the area. Other minerals extracted from township mines include copper, lead, silver, gold and lithographic limestone. Today, talc and dolomite are processed in the municipality at the site of the former Bethlehem Steel Corporation iron ore open pit mine.

In 1998, the township expanded through an amalgamation of the Village of Deloro.

The current municipality was formed in 2001 through an amalgamation of the Village of Marmora and the existing Township of Marmora and Lake.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2006 Census,[4] Marmora and Lake has a population of 3,912 permanent residents over an area of 533.75 square kilometres. This is a slight drop from 3,985 recorded in the 2001 census. Private dwellings occupied by usual residents amounted to 1598, whereas total dwellings are 2213. Mother tongue of its population is:

  • English as first language: 92.5%
  • French as first language: 1.5%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 6.0%

Population trend:[6]

  • Population in 2011: 4074
  • Population in 2006: 3912
  • Population in 2001: 3985
  • Population in 1996:
    • Deloro (village): 183
    • Marmora (village): 1483
    • Marmora and Lake (township): 2208
  • Population in 1991:
    • Deloro (village): 208
    • Marmora (village): 1538
    • Marmora and Lake (township): 1916

Government[edit]

Marmora and Lake Council As of 2010:

  • Terry Clemens, Reeve
  • Rita Cimprich, Deputy Reeve
  • Linda Bracken, Councillor
  • Sandy Fraser, Councillor
  • Elaine Jones, Councillor

Provincial and federal representation:

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • The old open pit iron ore mine just east of Marmora is open to the public for viewing.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Marmora and Lake". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2014-06-08. 
  2. ^ a b c "Marmora and Lake census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  3. ^ Taken from Google Earth at geographic coordinates, accessed 2014-06-08.
  4. ^ a b "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  5. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census

Other map sources:

External links[edit]