|• Total||1.0 km2 (0.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||277 m (909 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2013)|
|• Density||600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Arogno, Bissone, Melano, Riva San Vitale, Rovio|
Maroggia is first mentioned around 962-966 as Marogia.
The Maroggia area has been inhabited since the Iron Age. In 1906, a northern Etruscan inscription was discovered, followed by a Roman era stele in 1926. The Lombards King Liutprand gave the village to church of S. Carpoforo in Como in 724. Later it went to the Benedictine abbey of S. Ambrogio in Milan. In 1798, it joined the short-lived Republic of Riva San Vitale.
The village belonged to the parish church of Riva San Vitale until 1644 when it became an independent parish. The parish church of St. Peter is first mentioned in 1579, but was built in the Early Middle Ages. The new building was built in 1640 and restored in 1982-83. On the foundation of a building from the 16th Century the pilgrimage chapel of Madonna della Cintura was built in 1731-66.
Historically, the villager earned their living from fishing and making charcoal. The current mill, which was fully automated in 2000, dates from the 19th Century. At the same time, there was a paper factory and a food processing plant. In 1878 Romeo Manzoni opened a girls' boarding school, which was named after him. The school was sold in 1905, to the Oblates of St. Francis de Sales who established the Don Bosco College in the building. In 2000 about two-thirds of the workers, worked outside the municipality. In 2005, over half of the jobs in the municipality were in the industrial sector of the economy.
Maroggia has an area, as of 1997[update], of 1 square kilometer (0.39 sq mi). Of this area, 0.2 km2 (0.077 sq mi) or 20.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.58 km2 (0.22 sq mi) or 58.0% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.33 km2 (0.13 sq mi) or 33.0% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 1.0% is either rivers or lakes.
Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 2.0% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 16.0% and transportation infrastructure made up 11.0%. while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 3.0%. Out of the forested land, 53.0% of the total land area is heavily forested and 5.0% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 4.0% is used for growing crops and 16.0% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water.
The municipality is located in the Lugano district, on the eastern bank of Lake Lugano.
Coat of arms
Maroggia has a population (as of December 2013[update]) of 601. As of 2008[update], 27.4% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years (1997–2007) the population has changed at a rate of 4.9%.
Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks Italian (85.4%), with German being second most common (6.0%) and Spanish being third (2.3%). Of the Swiss national languages (as of 2000[update]), 34 speak German, 11 people speak French, 480 people speak Italian, and 1 person speaks Romansh. The remainder (36 people) speak another language.
As of 2008[update], the gender distribution of the population was 48.1% male and 51.9% female. The population was made up of 206 Swiss men (34.8% of the population), and 79 (13.3%) non-Swiss men. There were 228 Swiss women (38.5%), and 79 (13.3%) non-Swiss women.
In 2008[update] there were 6 live births to Swiss citizens and were 7 deaths of Swiss citizens and 1 non-Swiss citizen death. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 1 while the foreign population decreased by 1. There were 2 Swiss men who immigrated back to Switzerland. At the same time, there were 6 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was a decrease of 10 and the non-Swiss population change was an increase of 12 people. This represents a population growth rate of 0.3%.
The age distribution, as of 2009[update], in Maroggia is; 48 children or 8.1% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 41 teenagers or 6.9% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 60 people or 10.1% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 98 people or 16.6% are between 30 and 39, 101 people or 17.1% are between 40 and 49, and 67 people or 11.3% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 81 people or 13.7% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 56 people or 9.5% are between 70 and 79, there are 40 people or 6.8% who are over 80.
As of 2000[update], there were 268 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.1 persons per household. In 2000[update] there were 84 single family homes (or 54.5% of the total) out of a total of 154 inhabited buildings. There were 30 two family buildings (19.5%) and 21 multi-family buildings (13.6%). There were also 19 buildings in the municipality that were multipurpose buildings (used for both housing and commercial or another purpose).
The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2008[update], was 0%. In 2000[update] there were 419 apartments in the municipality. The most common apartment size was the 3 room apartment of which there were 137. There were 32 single room apartments and 76 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 267 apartments (63.7% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 149 apartments (35.6%) were seasonally occupied and 3 apartments (0.7%) were empty. As of 2007[update], the construction rate of new housing units was 0 new units per 1000 residents.
In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 22.54% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (21.9%), the Ticino League (18.52%) and the FDP (18.38%). In the federal election, a total of 181 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 47.3%.
In the 2007[update] Gran Consiglio election, there were a total of 386 registered voters in Maroggia, of which 243 or 63.0% voted. 5 blank ballots and 1 null ballot were cast, leaving 237 valid ballots in the election. The most popular party was the PLRT which received 47 or 19.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were; the PPD+GenGiova (with 46 or 19.4%), the PS (with 45 or 19.0%) and the SSI (with 39 or 16.5%).
In the 2007[update] Consiglio di Stato election, 2 blank ballots were cast, leaving 241 valid ballots in the election. The most popular party was the PS which received 55 or 22.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were; the PLRT (with 44 or 18.3%), the LEGA (with 43 or 17.8%) and the PPD (with 42 or 17.4%).
As of 2007[update], Maroggia had an unemployment rate of 4.15%. As of 2005[update], there were 2 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 1 business involved in this sector. 91 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 10 businesses in this sector. 64 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 24 businesses in this sector. There were 279 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 37.6% of the workforce.
In 2000[update], there were 206 workers who commuted into the municipality and 206 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 1.0 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. About 25.7% of the workforce coming into Maroggia are coming from outside Switzerland, while 1.9% of the locals commute out of Switzerland for work. Of the working population, 13.3% used public transportation to get to work, and 59.1% used a private car.
From the 2000 census[update], 456 or 81.1% were Roman Catholic, while 24 or 4.3% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. There are 71 individuals (or about 12.63% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), and 11 individuals (or about 1.96% of the population) did not answer the question.
The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Maroggia about 67.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).
In Maroggia there were a total of 67 students (as of 2009[update]). The Ticino education system provides up to three years of non-mandatory kindergarten and in Maroggia there were 14 children in kindergarten. The primary school program lasts for five years. In the municipality, 17 students attended the standard primary schools. In the lower secondary school system, students either attend a two-year middle school followed by a two-year pre-apprenticeship or they attend a four-year program to prepare for higher education. There were 14 students in the two-year middle school, while 11 students were in the four-year advanced program.
The upper secondary school includes several options, but at the end of the upper secondary program, a student will be prepared to enter a trade or to continue on to a university or college. In Ticino, vocational students may either attend school while working on their internship or apprenticeship (which takes three or four years) or may attend school followed by an internship or apprenticeship (which takes one year as a full-time student or one and a half to two years as a part-time student). There were 5 vocational students who were attending school full-time and 6 who attend part-time.
The A2 motorway, which links Lugano and the north of Switzerland with Chiasso and Italy, passes through Maroggia, with the motorway's San Nicolao Tunnel on the municipality's northern border. However there is no motorway junction within the municipality, with traffic having to use local roads to access junctions at Melide/Bissone to the north, or Mendrisio to the south.
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