Maroon (/məruːn/mə-ROON or /məroʊn/mə-RONE) is a dark brownish red color  which takes its name from the French word marron, or chestnut. The Oxford English Dictionary describes it as "a brownish crimson or claret color." In the RGB model used to create colors on computer screens and televisions, maroon is created by turning down the brightness of pure red by half.
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte) H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
At right is displayed the bright tone of maroon that was designated as maroon in Crayola crayons beginning in 1949. It is a bright medium shade of maroon halfway between brown and rose. The color halfway between brown and rose is crimson, so this color is also a tone of crimson.
Maroon is also the heritage color of Japanese private rail company, Hankyu Railway since the company started in 1910. In the 1990s, Hankyu planned an alternative color as it was developing new vehicles. That plan was called off following opposition by local residents.
Maroon was named as the official color of the state of Queensland, Australia, in November 2003. While the declared shade of maroon is RGB 115/24/44, Queenslanders display the spirit of the state by wearing all shades of maroon at sporting and cultural events.
Many universities, colleges, high schools and other educational institutions have maroon as one of their school colors. Popular combinations include maroon and white, maroon and grey, and maroon and gold.
Sports teams often use maroon as one of their identifying colors, as a result many have received the nickname "Maroons".
Maroons was the official nickname of the athletic teams representing Mississippi State College, now Mississippi State University from 1932 until 1961 when it was officially changed to the Bulldogs. Bulldogs had been used as an unofficial nickname as far back as 1905.
Maroon and white are the colors of the Flag of Qatar. The Flag of Latvia is sometimes called maroon and white, but the legal colors were red and white, but in 2009 the colors were changed to carmine and white.
^According to the 1994 law, Latvijas valsts karogs ir sarkans ar baltu svītru. (Latvian national flag is red with a white stripe.) "Par Latvijas valsts karogu (The Latvian flag)" (in Latvian). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 1994. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009.Sarkans is the word for "red" in Latvian, while "maroon" is petarde. Turkina, Eiženija and Zitare, K. (1977). Latvian-English Dictionary (second ed.). Waverly, Iowa: Latvju Gramata (Rota Press). OCLC3085262.