Maroon

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For other uses, see Maroon (disambiguation).
MaroonHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #800000
sRGBB  (rgb) (128, 0, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (0°, 100%, 50%)
Source HTML/CSS[1]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Maroon (/mərn/ mə-ROON or /mərn/ mə-RONE) is a dark brownish red color [2] which takes its name from the French word marron, or chestnut.[3] The Oxford English Dictionary describes it as "a brownish crimson or claret color."[4] In the RGB model used to create colors on computer screens and televisions, maroon is created by turning down the brightness of pure red by half.

Etymology[edit]

Maroon is derived from French marron ("chestnut");,[5] from the Italian marrone, from the medieval Greek maraon.[6]

The first recorded use of maroon as a color name in English was in 1789.[7]

Variations of maroon[edit]

Bright maroon[edit]

Maroon (Crayola)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #C32148
sRGBB  (rgb) (195, 33, 72)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 83, 63, 24)
HSV       (h, s, v) (346°, 83%, 76%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the bright tone of maroon that was designated as maroon in Crayola crayons beginning in 1949. It is a bright medium shade of maroon halfway between brown and rose. The color halfway between brown and rose is crimson, so this color is also a tone of crimson.

Rich maroon (maroon (X11))[edit]

Maroon (X11)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #B03060
sRGBB  (rgb) (176, 48, 96)
HSV       (h, s, v) (338°, 73%, 69%)
Source X11 color names#Color name clashes
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the color rich maroon, i.e. maroon as defined in the X11 color names, which is much brighter and more toned toward rose than the HTML/CSS maroon shown above.

See the chart Color name clashes in the X11 color names article to see those colors which are different in HTML/CSS and X11.

Dark red[edit]

Dark RedHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #8B0000
sRGBB  (rgb) (139, 0, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 100, 100, 45)
HSV       (h, s, v) (0°, 100%, 55%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the web color dark red.

Maroon in culture[edit]

Books

Business

  • Maroon is the main color of the Hollister Co. logo.
  • Maroon was the livery applied to coaching stock of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (1923–1947), and to much of that of British Railways in the period 1956–1965.
  • Maroon is also the heritage color of Japanese private rail company, Hankyu Railway since the company started in 1910. In the 1990s, Hankyu planned an alternative color as it was developing new vehicles. That plan was called off following opposition by local residents.

Government

  • Maroon is the traditional color associated with the historic County of Midlothian and the wider Lothian region in Scotland, chosen to symbolize the blood of the Heart of Midlothian. It is the color of the football strip of the Edinburgh team Heart of Midlothian F.C. and the Edinburgh bus fleet operated by Lothian Buses
  • Maroon was named as the official color of the state of Queensland, Australia, in November 2003. While the declared shade of maroon is RGB 115/24/44, Queenslanders display the spirit of the state by wearing all shades of maroon at sporting and cultural events.[8]

Military

  • The distinctive maroon beret has been worn by airborne forces over the world since 1942.[9]

Music

Religion

School colors
Many universities, colleges, high schools and other educational institutions have maroon as one of their school colors. Popular combinations include maroon and white, maroon and grey, and maroon and gold.

Mascot
Sports teams often use maroon as one of their identifying colors, as a result many have received the nickname "Maroons".

  • Maroons was the official nickname of the athletic teams representing Mississippi State College, now Mississippi State University from 1932 until 1961 when it was officially changed to the Bulldogs. Bulldogs had been used as an unofficial nickname as far back as 1905.[15]

Vexillology (The study of Flags)

  • Maroon and white are the colors of the Flag of Qatar. The Flag of Latvia is sometimes called maroon and white, but the legal colors were red and white,[16] but in 2009 the colors were changed to carmine and white.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords
  2. ^ Webster's New World Dictionary of the American Language, College Edition, World Publishing Company, (1964)
  3. ^ Webster's New World Dictionary of American English, 3rd College Edition, (1988). "A dark brown." Random House College Dictionary (1975), "a dark brownish."
  4. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition, 1973.
  5. ^ "maroon". Princeton WordNet. 
  6. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th Edition (1973).
  7. ^ Maerz and Paul. A Dictionary of Color. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1930, Page 198; Color Sample of Maroon: Page 37, Plate 7, Color Sample L7
  8. ^ "State Colour". Queensland Government. 
  9. ^ "The Parachute Regiment "Paras"". specialoperations.com. 
  10. ^ New York Times February 19, 2009--Tibetan Buddhist monks call for boycott of 2009 Tibetan New Year celebrations to protest casualties of 2008 Tibetan unrest (see picture of Tibetan Vajrayana Buddhist monks):
  11. ^ http://communications.uchicago.edu/identity/color-palette
  12. ^ http://www.mcmaster.ca/opr/html/opr/mcmaster_brand/visual_identity/colour.html
  13. ^ Mississippi State Traditions: Maroon and White (School Colors)
  14. ^ Maroon and White (Alma Mater)
  15. ^ Mississippi State Traditions: The Bulldog
  16. ^ According to the 1994 law, Latvijas valsts karogs ir sarkans ar baltu svītru. (Latvian national flag is red with a white stripe.) "Par Latvijas valsts karogu (The Latvian flag)" (in Latvian). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 1994. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009.  Sarkans is the word for "red" in Latvian, while "maroon" is petarde. Turkina, Eiženija and Zitare, K. (1977). Latvian-English Dictionary (second ed.). Waverly, Iowa: Latvju Gramata (Rota Press). OCLC 3085262. 
  17. ^ Latvijas valsts karogs ir karmīnsarkans ar baltu horizontālu svītru. (The Latvian national flag is carmine with white horizontal stripes.)"Latvijas valsts karoga likums (The Latvian flag law)" (in Latvian). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 17 November 2009. 

External links[edit]