Maroutsaia School

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Maroutsaia School
Μαρουτσαία Σχολή
Established 1742
Closed 1797
Headmaster 1742-1746 Eugenios Voulgaris
1746-1750 Anastasios Monispiniotis
1750-1753 Eugenios Voulgaris
1753-; Tryphon of Metsovo
Founder Maroutsis family
Location Ioannina, Greece

The Maroutsaia School (Greek: Μαρουτσαία Σχολή) or Maroutsios was a Greek educational institution that operated in Ioannina from 1742 to 1797.[1] The school reached its peak under Eugenios Voulgaris, one of the main representative of the modern Greek Enlightenment. This period also marked the first phase of renaissance of Greek education in Ioannina.[2]

Under Eugenios Voulgaris[edit]

During the 18th century Ioannina was a cultural and educational center of the Ottoman ruled Greek world, while education was flourishing. The Maroutsaia school was sponsored by members of the Maroutsis family, successful merchants and benefactors that were active in Venice.[3]

First schoolmaster of the Maroutsaia became the theologian and scholar Eugenios Voulgaris. Voulgaris apart from Greek taught also Latin, Philosophy, and experimental physics.[1] In general he was an agent of modernization, advocated Newtonian science and philosophy, but on the other hand insisted that the Greek intellectual revival, which was underway, should remain theologically and socially conservative.[4] Voulgaris also included John Locke's epistemology in his teaching,[4] as well as translations of works of Gottfried Leibniz and Christian Wolff.[5] Although Voulgaris did not use the vernacular Greek language (Demotic) in his teachings, he was considered a progressive scholar.[2]

Decline[edit]

However because of his progressive teaching methods Voulgaris was accused by conservative scholars, like Balanos Vasilopoulos, director of another local school of the city, the Balanios.[6] In 1753 Voulgaris left Ioannina and he was succeeded by the theologian Tryphon of Metsovo, who continued the educational methods of the former.[7]

The Maroutsaia faced financial problems during the following decades since the Maroutsis couldn't sponsor the school any more. The political instability in Venice faced with the French occupation of the city made this situation even more worse and in 1797 the school had to close due to financial difficulties.[1] However, during the same year it reopened but with a new administration and name, Kaplaneios, after Zois and Manthos Kaplanis who founded this new school.[8]

Notable graduates[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Μαρουτσαία Σχολή". Κάτοπτρον Ελληνικής Ιστορίας και Φιλοσοφίας: 17ος-19ος αιώνας. National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (in Greek). Retrieved 2010-11-23. 
  2. ^ a b Floros, Ioannis N. "Paideia in Ioannina during the so-called Tourkokratia: 18th century - beginning 20th century". University of Johannesburg. hdl:10210/2572. 
  3. ^ Maltezou, Chrysa. "History of an Epirote family in Venice of centuries past". e-kathimerini. Retrieved 2010-11-23. 
  4. ^ a b Israel, Jonathan Irvine (2006). Enlightenment contested: philosophy, modernity, and the emancipation of man, 1670-1752. Oxford University Press. p. 322. ISBN 978-0-19-927922-7. 
  5. ^ Kreutz, Michael. "Modernismus und Europaidee in der Östlichen Mittelmeerwelt, 1821-1939." (PDF). Ruhr University Bochum. Retrieved 2010-10-30. 
  6. ^ Heppner, Harald; Katsiardē-Hering, Olga (1998). Die Griechen und Europa: Aussen- und Innensichten im Wandel der Zeit. Böhlau Verlag Wien. p. 85. ISBN 978-3-205-98925-7. 
  7. ^ Παγκόσμιο Βιογραφικό Λεξικό ("Universal Biographical Lexicon") II. Athens: Ekdotiki Athninon. 1990. pp. 211–212. 
  8. ^ "Καπλάνειος Σχολή- Πατριαρχική Σχολή. [Kaplaneios -Patriarchical School]". Κάτοπρον Ελληνικής Επιστήμης και Φιλοσοφίας (National and Kapodistrian University of Athens) (in Greek). Retrieved 2010-10-30.