Marri-Bugti Country

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Marri-Bugti Country
Subdivision of Pakistan
1877–14 October 1955
Capital Sibi
History
 -  Established 1877
 -  Disestablished 14 October 1955
Area 7,129 km2 (2,753 sq mi)
Government of Balochistan
Coat of arms of Pakistan
This article is part of the series
Former administrative units of Pakistan

Marri-Bugti Country (Marri and Bugti Country) was a tribal region during the British occupation of Baluchistan. Marris and Bugtis are the strongest Baloch tribes in the Balochistan. The Marris occupied 3,268 square miles (8,460 km2) in the north, while the Bugtis occupied 3,861 square miles (10,000 km2) in the south. Today, the region is divided into three districts: Kohlu, Dera Bugti and Sibi.

History[edit]

The Marris and Bugtis first met the British when a Major Billamore entered their territory during the First Anglo-Afghan War. In April 1840, Captain Lewis Brown was sent to occupy Kahan but surrendered to Marri Chief Doda Khan five months later. Meanwhile, Bugtis had trouble with Sir Charles Napier and General John Jacob came greater trouble with both tribs. In 1845 after the treaty was signed which shows that both tribs were support financially by Khan of Kalat. The glory days came for Marris and Bugtis in 1877 when British establishment of the Baluchistan Agency.

Population[edit]

By 1901, the total population of the Country was around 39,000, of which 19,000 or so were Marri, 18,500 Bugti, and 415 Hindu.[citation needed] Most inhabitants were nomadic.

The Marris were divided into three sub-clans: the Bahawalanzai from the Ghazini clan and the Sherzai and Bijarani from the Loharani clan. The Bugti clans were Pairozani Nothani, Durragh Nothani, Kalpar, Mondrani, Shambhani and Rahija.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Report of the Indian Statutory Commission ... By Great Britain Indian Statutory Commission, John Allsebrook Simon Simon
  • Balochistan Through the Ages: Selection from Government Record. By Baluchistan (Pakistan)
  • Matheson, Sylvia A. The Tigers of Baluchistan. London: Arthure Barker Limited (1967). Reprint: Oxford University Press, Karachi (1998), ISBN 0-19-577763-8.