Marriage in modern China
Marriage in China has undergone change during the country's reform and opening period. While divorce remains rare in China, the 1.96 million couples applying for divorce in 2010 represented a rate 14% higher than the year before and doubled from ten years ago.
Naked marriage (裸婚, luǒhūn) is recent Chinese slang, coined in 2008 to describe the growing number of marriages between partners who do not yet own any significant assets. The "Five Nos" involved are: no ring, no ceremony, no honeymoon, no home, and no car. The practice violates traditions that a groom should provide a new place for his future wife or, at least, that the couple's families should provide them a material foundation to provide for their future grandchildren. The practice also saves the groom's family from an expensive wedding, the average cost of which has been reckoned to have increased 4000 times in the last 30 years.
Flash or blitz marriage (Chinese: 闪婚, shǎnhūn) is recent (and pejorative) Chinese slang for a marriage between partners who've known each less than 7[why?] months. In some cases, these young couples (usually in China's large cities) represent changing attitudes towards romantic love; in others, they have found the soaring prices of real estate have made such speedy marriages more economical. "Flash" marriages are also more likely to happen due to some couples being pressurized by parents to marry quickly before the parents feel its too late. However "flash" marriages are more likely to end in divorce soon afterwards as the couples find themselves unable to cope with each other due to personal habits that they did not know about before they married each other.
In recent years, the concept of leftover women (pinyin = Shèngnǚ, 剩女） has been created by the state media in order to pressure women into marrying earlier. State media often have articles about women regretting their decision not to marry early, highlighting the consequences of marrying at a later age and stressing that women should marry no later than 27. Currently in China, there is an imbalance between the sex ratios of men and women with figures showing that there are more than 30 million men than women in China. Therefore this (along with the One child policy) will have an impact on the long term population growth in China as well as the number of working age population avalible in China, which is why the government believes that it is necessary to persuade women into marrying earlier.
However since the opening and reform period in the 1980s, increasing numbers of women hold college degrees and are now reluctant to be "tied down" to a married life so soon after their graduation, with women choosing to be more career orientated until they reach their 30s. Another problem in China is male chauvinism (due to Chinese tradition), where men preferably choose to marry women who are younger than them, earn comparably less than their counterpart and come from a "lesser" background compared to the man himself. 
- Patience, Martin (2 November 2011). "'Love Post' tackles China's rising divorce rate". BBC News.
- Waldmeir, Patti. "The bare necessities of naked marriage". Financial Times. 3 Jul 2012.
- People's Daily Online. "'Naked marriage' challenges Chinese marriage traditions". 7 Aug 2011.
- China Daily Online. "White-collar Workers Interested in 'Flash Marriage'".
- Zhang, Wendy. ""Flash marriage" stirs public debate". Shanghai Daily. 14 Nov 2005.
- BBC. "China's 'leftover women', unmarried at 27 ".
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