Marrickville, New South Wales

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Marrickville
SydneyNew South Wales
Marrickville4.JPG
Marrickville Road
Population 24,613 (2011)[1]
Postcode(s) 2204
Location 7 km (4 mi) south-west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) Marrickville Council
State electorate(s) Marrickville
Federal Division(s) Grayndler
Suburbs around Marrickville:
Petersham Stanmore, Enmore Newtown
Dulwich Hill Marrickville St Peters, Sydenham
Earlwood Earlwood Tempe

Marrickville is a suburb in the Inner West[2] of Sydney and is located 7 kilometres (4 miles) south-west of the Sydney central business district in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is the largest suburb in the Marrickville Council local government area.

Marrickville sits on the northern bank of the Cooks River, opposite Earlwood and shares borders with Stanmore, Enmore, Newtown, St Peters, Sydenham, Tempe, Dulwich Hill, Hurlstone Park and Petersham. The southern part of the suburb, near the river, is known as Marrickville South and includes the historical locality called The Warren.

Marrickville is a diverse suburb consisting of both low and high density residential, commercial and light industrial areas. Marrickville has become a much sought out location due to its proximity to the City CBD and suburban lifestyle.

History[edit]

The indigenous inhabitants of the Cooks River area were the Cadigal people. Artefacts show they inhabited the area for at least 7000 years.

The name Marrickville comes from the 24.3 ha (60 acres) 'Marrick' estate of Thomas Chalder, which was subdivided on 24 February 1855. He named it after his native village Marrick, North Yorkshire, England. The estate centred on the intersection of Victoria Road and Chapel Street. William Dean, the publican of the Marrick Hotel, in Illawarra Road (now the site of the Henson Park Hotel) is credited with adding the "ville" to Marrick when it was gazetted in 1861.

The first land grant in the area was 100 acres (0.4 km2) to William Beckwith in 1794. Thomas Moore received 470 acres (1.9 km2) in 1799 and another 700 acres (2.8 km2) in 1803. Dr Robert Wardell purchased most of this land for his estate that stretched from Petersham to the Cooks River. His estate was broken up after he was murdered by escaped convicts in September 1834.

Old Police Station, Gladstone Street

Thomas Holt (1811–1888) was a Sydney business tycoon who built a castellated Victorian Gothic mansion named ‘The Warren’ in 1857 in Marrickville South. It was designed by architect George Mansfield, and contained an impressive art gallery filled with paintings and sculptures from Europe. It had elaborate stables built into imposing stone walls, and large landscaped gardens filled with urns overlooking the Cooks River. Holt gave it that name because he bred rabbits on the estate for hunting, as well as the grounds being stocked with alpacas and other exotics. The Warren was a landmark in the district for some decades; the still-operating Warren View Hotel in Enmore as evidence of this.

Renovations were undertaken in 1866. There were also bathing sheds and a Turkish Bath built on the river. The 100-acre (0.4 km2) property was south of Wardell’s and covered the area from today’s Unwins Bridge Road to Illawarra Road and Warren Road. Thomas Holt was a large land holder in Sydney with another mansion at the edge of Gwawley Bay, Sylvania Waters, New South Wales in 1881,(his last and greatest residence, the monumental forty room Sutherland House mansion which was destroyed by fire in 1918) and vast property holdings from Sutherland to Cronulla.

As Holt's health began to be an issue, the Warren was subdivided in 1884 with the land around the immediate building's grounds being sold off - and the family returning to Britain for the remaining years of his life. He passed away in 1888.

The estate stables were demolished some time between 1884 and 1886, with the nearby Ferncourt Public School being originally built as a house "Prosna" by Polish born artist, Gracius Joseph Broinowski, from sandstone blocks of the stable, and a cedar staircase and marble mantelpiece purchased from Holt's estate installed in it.

It is obvious today the last block remaining where the mansion stood as it is indicated by the newer houses of the 1920s-1930s as well as, obviously the name of the road, driven down the western side of the block - "Mansion Street" - and "Holt St" adjacent to it forming the lower side of the square perimeter).

The Warren became a nunnery when the mansion and 12 acres (5 ha) of land were purchased by a French order of Carmelite nuns. The Carmelites were evicted from The Warren in 1903 for outstanding debts. By this stage the grounds appear to be bare with a high wood fence installed on the western side of the building about this time. It then was used during WWI for an artillery training range and this fenced area also appears in photos along with smaller buildings on the grounds nearby. It was resumed in 1919 by the New South Wales government was finally demolished in around 1922 - the land subdivided to build a housing estate for returned soldiers. Sir John Sulman was engaged to build this.

Not much remains of the once imposing castle-like building except for two stone turrets from the building indicating what was once on the general spot (this was recently vandalised and the commemorative plaque stolen; noted 2010. Originally piers from the back entrance of the building, which had been stored by the council for many years - they were placed on the headland with a memorial fountain in 1967 at Richardson's Lookout in Holt Street. Other remains are garden paths with flags and liners, one or two of the original stone blocks from the walls, and the base of what was probably a garden feature such as an urn or fountain. An area with a few cobblestones in the grass, remains under some native fig trees, and was probably a drive that led to the back of the stables. Also on the bank of the river below are the crypts that Thomas Holt built into a sandstone overhang for his family. No bodies were subsequently laid to rest except for the Mother Superior of the Carmelite order who was interred for a short time.

"Ferndale" in Kent Lane, Newtown, is the earliest of his four houses and the last surviving residence connected with Thomas Holt. It is heritage-listed.[3]

Marrickville became a municipality on 6 November 1861. In 1948, it merged with neighbouring municipalities of St Peters and Petersham to form Marrickville Municipal Council.

The first school opened in August 1864 and the post office opened in 1865. The railway line to Bankstown opened in 1895. The station was known as Illawarra Road during construction. Later, when it was decided that Marrickville was a more appropriate name, the original Marrickville station was renamed Sydenham.[4]

Mid-'00s: gentrification[edit]

Over the past 5 years there has been a gradual change in Marrickville, with some media reports calling it "the new Paddington".[5][6] There has been an influx of young professionals, as well as artists and musicians. A bohemian vibe has been cultivated and some say Marrickville is "the new Newtown", not Paddington.[7]

Marrickville South[edit]

Marrickville South is a locality in the southern part of the suburb at 33°55′07″S 151°08′45″E / 33.91860°S 151.14578°E / -33.91860; 151.14578.

Culture[edit]

Arts[edit]

Marrickville has become a hub of new and independent arts with a vibrant artistic community. Marrickville council launched the first local arts tour in March 2011, MOST (Marrickvlle open studio trail) and part of Art month Sydney.[8] Marrickville is the main site for the Sydney Fringe Festival.[9]

Marrickville Festival[edit]

The Marrickville Festival is an annual festival organised by the Marrickville Council. It is a display of multiculturalism of the inner west with international food and live music and entertainment. Acts in the past have included Scott Cain.

The Addison Road Community Centre[edit]

The Addison Road Community Centre (or ‘ARC’) is Australia’s largest not-for-profit community centre located in the heart of Marrickville, New South Wales.

Since 1976, ARC has supported community organisations, environmental groups, arts organisations, local artists, as well as cultural and multicultural associations through the provision of services, programs and space within the Centre’s beautiful grounds.

Importantly, ARC is also a place of diversity where people of all cultures, ethnicities, ages and abilities can meet, learn, contribute and have fun. The Centre has been the birthplace of many social initiatives and community campaigns which have helped shape life in Sydney’s inner west and established solidarity with people throughout the world. ARC’s diverse range of member organisations, artists, events and a bustling Sunday Organic Market are just some of the reasons why the Centre welcomes hundreds of thousands of visitors each year.

Website: http://www.arcco.org.au

Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/AddisonRoadCommunityCentre

Live music[edit]

Marrickville has a number of live music venues. The Factory Theatre hosts an array of live music and performances - from international rock concerts to cabaret shows, film and dance.[10] There are also a number of smaller, more intimate entertainment venues such as The Newsagency, Lazybones Lounge, the Red Rattler and the Camelot Lounge.

References in popular culture[edit]

Three music videos have been shot in or around Marrickville:

Films and TV shows that have been filmed in Marrickville include:

Restaurants and cafes[edit]

Marrickville has a wide range of cafes and restaurants with cuisines featuring Vietnamese, Thai, Chinese, Nepalese, Portuguese, Lebanese, Turkish, Modern Australian, Greek and Japanese.[11] There are also a few notable bakeries and coffee artisans in the area.

Australia Day celebrations[edit]

The Australia day celebrations are held each year at Enmore park and are a popular event for locals. It is celebration of Marrickville's ethnic diversity and tolerant, vibrant community, with live music by a variety of bands with different cultural backgrounds and food stalls from around the world as well as annual fireworks beginning at 9pm.

Demographics[edit]

Marrickville has a diverse community with a significant immigrant population. In the mid-20th century, Marrickville was a major centre of Sydney's large Greek community, and to an extent remains so.[citation needed] Today, the Vietnamese community has become the most prominent immigrant population.

At the 2011 census, the suburb of Marrickville recorded a population of 24,613 people. Of these:[1]

  • Age distribution: Residents had a similar range of ages to the country overall. The median age was 37 years, the same as the national median. Children aged under 15 years made up 15.1% of the population (national average is 19.3%) and people aged 65 years and over made up 12.9% of the population (national average is 14.0%).
  • Ethnic diversity : Just over half (53%) were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 70%; the next most common countries of birth were Vietnam 6.2%, Greece 5.1%, England 2.8%, New Zealand 2.0% and Lebanon 1.8%. At home, 51% of residents only spoke English; other languages spoken at home included Greek 9.0%, Vietnamese 8.0%, Arabic 4.2%, Portuguese 2.3% and Cantonese 2.1%.
  • Finances: The median household weekly income was $1,406 compared to the national median of $1,234. This difference is also reflected in real estate, with the median mortgage payment being $2,324 per month, compared to the national median of $1,800.
  • Transport: On the day of the Census, 34.5% of employed people traveled to work on public transport and 41.9% by car (either as driver or as passenger).
  • Housing: 39.3% of occupied residences were separate houses, 39.7% were flats, units or apartments, 19.8% were semi-detached (row or terrace houses, townhouses etc), and 1.1% were other dwellings. The average household size was 2.5 people.
  • Religion: The most common religious affiliation was "No Religion" (27.3%); the next most common responses were Catholic 23.7%, Eastern Orthodox 10.6%, Buddhism 8.0% and Anglican 6.4%

Notable people[edit]

Commercial areas[edit]

The Vic Hotel, Addison Road
Art work on top of Celini's Cafe

Marrickville Road[edit]

The main shopping strip runs along Marrickville Road, west from Sydenham to the town hall. Typical businesses include cafés, grocery and clothing stores. Marrickville Road is well known for the artworks, by Ces Camilleri of Creative Artistic Steel, that adorn the awnings of some of its businesses, which gives the strip a unique style. The shopping strip also extends south along Illawarra Road, past the railway station, to 'The Warren' locality.

Marrickville Metro[edit]

Marrickville Metro Shopping Centre is located near the border with Enmore and contains supermarkets, retail, discount stores, specialty shops and a food court.

Markets[edit]

Every Sunday the Addison Community Centre hosts a market where fresh fruit and vegetables, coffee and other edible products and second-hand goods are sold.

Industrial[edit]

A substantial light industrial area is located west of the Princes Highway. Typical industrial uses include automotive repair, import/export and building supplies.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Marrickville railway station is on the Bankstown Line of the Sydney Trains network. The adjacent station of Dulwich Hill serves the south-western part of the suburb.

The terminus of the Dulwich Hill Line of Sydney's light rail network is located adjacent to Dulwich Hill railway station. Access to the city is quicker by train, but the light rail may be used for some cross-regional journeys. The service also interchanges with Lewisham railway station on the Airport, Inner West & South Line.

Buses[edit]

Public buses serve all main roads, including Marrickville Road, Enmore Road, Illawarra Road, Victoria Road, Wardell Road and Livingstone Road. These include the 418 bus from Burwood to Bondi Junction via Ashfield, Dulwich Hill, Sydenham and Eastlakes, the 426 bus from Dulwich Hill to Circular Quay via Newtown and the CBD, the 423 bus from Kingsgrove to Circular Quay via Earlwood, Newtown and the CBD, and the 412 bus which runs from Campsie to Kings Wharf via Kingsgrove, Earlwood, Petersham, Camperdown, Parramatta Road and the CBD.

Airport[edit]

The suburb is 5 kilometres north-east from, and lies under the flight path to, Sydney Airport.

Schools and churches[edit]

St Pius's Catholic School, Edgeware Road

Marrickville has four primary public schools: Marrickville Public School, Marrickville West Primary School, Ferncourt Public School and Wilkins Public School and one primary private school, St Brigids Catholic School. There is one secondary public school, Marrickville High School and a secondary private school, Casimir Catholic College.

Marrickville has a number of religious buildings, including:

  • St Clements Anglican Church is located diagonally across the intersection of Marrickville Road and Petersham Road. It now houses Marrickville Rd Church, a multi cultural, multi ethnic church plant. It is a heritage-listed building.
  • St Brigid’s Catholic Church is on Marrickville Road, on the corner of Livingstone Road and is the second largest church in Sydney after St Mary's Cathedral.
  • St Maroun's Catholic College is in Wardell Road.
  • Silver Street Mission, a Baptist congregation, is on the corner of Silver Street and Calvert Street.
  • St Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church is on Livingstone Road.
  • Orthodox Monastery of the Archangel Michael is a monastery of the Russian Orthodox Church.
  • The Lien Hoa Buddhist temple is on Livingstone Road.

Architecture[edit]

Marrickville Town Hall[edit]

Marrickville Town Hall is located on the corner of Marrickville Road and Petersham Road. Outside Marrickville Town Hall is a World War I war memorial, featuring a Winged Victory figure. Standing at over 4 metres, the figure is the largest known bronze casting on a memorial in Australia.

Marrickville Library[edit]

Adjoining the town hall is the Marrickville Library.[12] The library offers services which reflect the diversity of the community; among these are young readers groups and material available in Arabic, Chinese, Greek, Portuguese, Spanish and Vietnamese.[13] Plans to build a new library have been announced by Marrickville Council and this major architectural project is scheduled for completion in 2015.[14]

Houses[edit]

Many Marrickville homes are detached or terraced Victorian houses built in the late 19th century. Many others were built in the Federation style in the early 20th century. Whilst many of the larger estates have been subdivided, some still remain, including the heritage-listed Victorian Italianate manor Stead House, former residence of Samuel Cook, General Manager of The Sydney Morning Herald in the late 19th century. It was used as a Salvation Army hostel for some time, but was turned into apartments in 2011.

Politics[edit]

The Marrickville Council made headlines in Australia with its controversial boycott of Israeli goods in 2011.[15]

Marrickville also made headlines in the 2011 State election as a marginal seat that was possible going to be won by the Greens.[16] However, the seat was won by the Australian Labor Party.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Marrickville is twinned with:

Sport and recreation[edit]

Historic apartments in Livingstone Road, Marrickville

Marrickville is home to a number of sporting venues and teams. Henson Park, just off Sydenham Road, is home of the Newtown Jets rugby league team, formerly one of the elite Sydney teams, but currently playing in the second tier New South Wales Cup and acting as a feeder club for the Sydney Roosters. Marrickville Oval, on Livingstone Road, is used by lower grade teams from the Randwick Petersham Cricket Club, which plays in the Sydney Grade Cricket competition and the Newtown Jnr Jets. Fraser Park, next to the railway line between Marrickville and Sydenham stations is home to the Fraser Park FC soccer club which plays in the NSW Men's Premier League 2, the second tier of association football in NSW.[19]

Golf[edit]

Marrickville Golf Course[20] runs along the banks of the Cooks River.

Swimming[edit]

The new Annette Kellerman aquatic centre was opened on 26 January 2011. It features a 50m, 8 Lane Swimming Pool catering to lap swimmers, squads and swimming carnivals; a dedicated programs pool / hydrotherapy pool set up for learn-to-swim lessons, aquaerobics classes and rehabilitation activities; and a leisure Pool – a great place to bring young children for fun safe and healthy activity.[21]

Parks[edit]

Parks in the suburb include Steel Park, Mackey Park, Henson Park, Marrickville Oval, McNeilly Park and Jarvie Park.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Marrickville (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  2. ^ Australian Suburb Guide: Sydney Inner West Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  3. ^ State Heritage Register
  4. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 165
  5. ^ Tovey, Josephine (13 March 2010). "Bars open, property up: arise the 'new Paddington'". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  6. ^ Nicholls, Stephen; Chancellor, Jonathan (6 February 2010). "Arise Marrickville, the new Paddington". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  7. ^ Sansom, Marie. "Is Marrickville really the 'new Paddo'? - Local News - News - Inner West Courier". Inner-west-courier.whereilive.com.au. Retrieved 2012-11-16. 
  8. ^ "Marrickville Council - MOST". Marrickville.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 2012-11-16. 
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ "Factory Theatre". Factory Theatre. Retrieved 2012-11-16. 
  11. ^ 76 restaurants in Marrickville and neighbouring suburbs
  12. ^ "Marrickville Council(Library) - Branches and Opening Hours". marrickville council. n.d. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  13. ^ "Marrickville Council(Library) - Multicultural". marrickville council. n.d. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  14. ^ "A New Library for Marrickville". marrickville council. n.d. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  15. ^ "Israel boycott wilts under politics and practicalities". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  16. ^ "The Marginal Seat". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 18 March 2011. 
  17. ^ "Twinning with Palestine". © 1998-2008 The Britain - Palestine Twinning Network. Retrieved 2008-11-29. 
  18. ^ "Bethlehem Municipality". www.bethlehem-city.org. Retrieved 10 October 2009. 
  19. ^ SUPA IGA NPL NSW Mens 2. Football NSW. Retrieved on 2013-08-02.
  20. ^ Marrickville Golf Course website
  21. ^ Annette Kellerman Aquatic Centre website

Further reading[edit]

Anne-Maree Whitaker, Pictorial History Marrickville, Kingsclear Books, Sydney, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°54′18″S 151°09′18″E / 33.9051°S 151.1551°E / -33.9051; 151.1551