New South Wales
Location in Metropolitan Sydney
|• Density||4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Area||17 km2 (6.6 sq mi)|
|Mayor||Jo Haylen (Australian Labor Party)|
The area is bounded by Leichhardt to the north, the City of Sydney to the east and north-east, the City of Botany Bay to the south-east, Rockdale to the south, Canterbury to the west, and Ashfield to the north-west. It covers an area of approximately 17 square kilometres (6.6 sq mi). The area is roughly bounded by Parramatta Road to the north, King Street and the Princes Highway to the east, the Cooks River and Alexandra Canal to the south, and New and Old Canterbury Roads to the west.
While the area's background has traditionally been working-class, several waves of immigration and a continuing trend of gentrification have substantially influenced the demographics and character of the area. Marrickville also has a substantial student population, being situated relatively close to the University of Sydney and the University of Technology, Sydney.
According to Marrickville Council's website, "the area contains one of the highest percentages of artists, cultural workers and arts industries of any local government area in Australia."
Suburbs and localities
The suburbs and localities within the Marrickville Council area are:
At the 2011 Census, there were 76,500 people in the Marrickville local government area, of these 49.5% were male and 50.5% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.5% of the population. The median age of people in the Marrickville Council area was 36 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 14.7% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 10.4% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 35.1% were married and 10.9% were either divorced or separated.
Population in the Marrickville Council area between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census decreased by 0.99% and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 6.53%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% respectively, population growth in the Marrickville local government area was lower than the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the Manly Council area was higher than the national average.
Compared to the national average, at the 2011 Census, Marrickville Council area had a high proportion of households (34.1%) where two or more languages are spoken (national average was 20.4%); and a low proportion (62.3%) where English only was spoken at home (national average was 76.8%).
|Selected historical census data for Marrickville local government area|
|Population||Estimated residents on Census night||72,529||71,813||76,500|
|LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales|
|% of New South Wales population||1.11%|
|% of Australian population||0.39%||0.36%||0.36%|
|Cultural and language diversity|
(other than English)
|Median weekly incomes|
|Personal income||Median weekly personal income||A$595||A$772|
|% of Australian median income||127.7%||133.8%|
|Family income||Median weekly family income||A$1,160||A$1,964|
|% of Australian median income||113.0%||132.6%|
|Household income||Median weekly household income||A$1,460||A$1,605|
|% of Australian median income||124.7%||130.1%|
On 14 December 2010 Greens councillor Cathy Peters moved a motion to support the international Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions against Israel. This motion was supported by Greens, Labor and one independent councillor, including the Mayor at the time, Fiona Byrne. The motion was widely condemned by politicians from both sides of politics including Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd, then Premier Kristina Keneally and federal Greens leader, Bob Brown. The move received support from Nobel Peace Prize Laureates Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Mairead Maguire. After 3 hours in which members of the community were invited to express their opinions, the motion was rescinded at a council meeting on 19 April 2011. On 14 April 2011 it was revealed that the boycott would cost Marrickville ratepayers A$3.4 million if implemented. The boycott also meant the council would have to replace goods from companies such as Hewlett Packard, Holden, Volvo and Motorola amongst others.
After New South Wales Liberal Premier Barry O'Farrell threatened to sack the council, they reversed the boycott on 19 April at a council meeting. Byrne did not seek re-election, and in September 2011, Morris Hanna became the new mayor after Labor supported his candidacy and his name was pulled out of the hat in the tie breaker. He is an independent who fought against the BDS campaign.
Current composition and election method
Marrickville Municipal Council is composed of twelve Councillors elected proportionally as four separate wards, each electing three Councillors. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 8 September 2012, and the makeup of the Council is as follows:
|Australian Labor Party||4|
|Liberal Party of Australia||2|
The current Council, elected in 2012, in order of election by ward, is:
|Central Ward||Max Phillips||The Greens|
|North Ward||Sylvie Ellsmore||The Greens|
|South Ward||Chris Woods||Labor|
|David Leary||The Greens|
|West Ward||Emanuel Tsardoulias||Labor||Deputy Mayor|
|Melissa Brooks||The Greens|
Based on artefacts found near the Cooks River and Alexandra Canal, it is believed that the area has been occupied for at least 7,000 years. The area was originally occupied by the Cadigal clan of the Darug people who spoke the Eora language. Their name for most of the present day local government area was Bullanaming.
European settlement of the area began very soon after the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788. The first land grant was made in 1789, and by 1809 all the land had been granted. In the 1830s, the district consisted of five large estates, including Thomas Chalder's estate named Marrick after his home town in North Yorkshire. At this point, the area was still quite rural in nature.
Following the subdivision of these estates, municipalities were formed in Marrickville (1861), Camperdown (1861), Newtown (1862), St Peters (1871) and Petersham (1872). The area lost its rural character as Sydney grew, and by the 1920s had become an urbanised industrial area.
The population of these municipalities increased greatly in that time, peaking at roughly 113,000 in 1948. It was in this year that the State Government introduced the Local Government (Areas) Act, and Marrickville Municipal Council was enlarged by merging with St Peters and Petersham on 1 January 1949. The Camperdown and Newtown municipalities had already been merged with the City of Sydney, however in 1968 a boundary readjustment added parts of these areas to Marrickville, resulting in the present boundaries.
While migration has always been an important part of Marrickville, this was especially true from the 1950s to the 1970s, as large groups of immigrants arrived from Southern Europe, the Middle East and then Asia. The area is today one of the most culturally diverse in the country.
The suburbs within the Marrickville area are generally characterised by Victorian-era terraces, semi-detached houses and other varieties of urban federation housing. These houses gained popularity among renovators as the suburbs became gentrified in the late 20th century. Detached housing, wider streets and larger blocks of land are more common in the suburbs further from the city, such as Dulwich Hill and parts of Marrickville.
Several medium density apartment blocks were constructed in the area in the 1960s and 1970s. Since the 1980s, modern infill development has tended to be sympathetic with traditional streetscapes.
Modest single-storey terraces in Camperdown
House in the suburb of Marrickville
Sympathetic infill development in Camperdown
Restored house in Petersham
Recreation and Culture
The Marrickville area has 88 parks and reserves of various sizes within its boundaries. Major sporting grounds include Henson Park, home of the Newtown Jets rugby league club, and Petersham Park, where Sir Donald Bradman scored his first century in grade cricket.
Tempe Lands, 10 hectares of parkland at the south-western corner of LGA, was redeveloped by Marrickville Council in 2003 on the site of a former rubbish tip at a cost of A$17.5 million. The parklands feature sporting fields, a golf driving range, and a constructed saltmarsh and ephemeral wetlands area for wildlife.
Other major parks in the area include Enmore Park, Camperdown Park, Marrickville Park, Steel Park and Camperdown Memorial Rest Park. There are also substantial parklands surrounding the Cooks River.
A number of entertainment and cultural events are held in Marrickville throughout the year. The Marrickville Road Festival is the area's largest annual event, drawing a crowd of around 50,000 people each year. Other major events in the area include the Newtown Festival, Australia Day celebrations at Enmore Park, the Bairro Português Food & Wine Fair in Petersham, and the Dulwich Hill Street Fair.
Parramatta Road runs along the northern boundary of the Marrickville local government area. Historically the main east–west arterial road in Sydney, this section of Parramatta Road is still a busy route that carried an average of over 65,000 vehicles per day during 2005.
Other main arterial routes running through the area include State Route 54 (composed of New Canterbury Road, Stanmore and Enmore Road) linking Sydney to Liverpool, and the King Street–Princes Highway corridor.
Sydney Trains provides passenger rail services to suburbs in the area. The northern part of the LGA is served by the Airport, Inner West & South Line, and the southern and eastern parts are served by the Bankstown Line. Trains on the Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line serve Sydenham and Tempe railway stations.
Sydney Buses operates bus services through all suburbs in the Marrickville area.
Australia's busiest airport, Kingsford Smith International Airport, is situated directly south-east of the Marrickville LGA. As a result, many parts of Marrickville suffer from high levels of aircraft noise. Aircraft taking off and landing from Kingsford-Smith Airport also fly at low altitude over the Leichhardt, Ashfield, Canterbury, Rockdale, Botany Bay, Randwick, Canada Bay and Burwood local government areas.
After the completion of the airport's third runway in the mid-1990s, the Commonwealth Government controversially purchased and demolished 152 residential properties in the worst-affected parts of Sydenham. The newly vacant land, which is located not under the approach path of the third runway but under the approach/departure path for runway 16R/34L, became Sydenham Green, a public park covering 4.5 hectares. A series of oversized 'living room' sculptures (lamp, chairs and fireplace) decorate the park, paying homage to the homes that formerly occupied the site.
- Bethlehem, West Bank, since 2007
- Funchal, Madeira Islands, Portugal, since 1996
- Keelung, Taiwan, since 1989
- Kos, Greece, since 1990
- Larnaca, Cyprus, since 2005
- Safita, Syria, since 2005
- Zonnebeke, Belgium, since 2007
The following cities have also signed agreements to formalise relationships with Marrickville:
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Marrickville (A)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "Cultural Identity" (PDF). Marrickville Public Art Strategy. Local Government and Shires Associations of NSW.
- Kennedy, John (16 November 2000). "Changing Faces". Newtown twozerofourtwo.
- "Artist Opportunities". Marrickville Council.[dead link][dead link]
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Marrickville (A)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Marrickville (A)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- Munro, Kesley (20 December 2010). "NSW suburb joins Israeli boycott". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- Massola, James; Kelly, Joe (1 April 2011). "Greens leader Bob Brown slaps down Lee Rhiannon on Israel boycott policy". The Australian.
- Tovey, Josephine (7 June 2011). "Social justice at local scale takes courage: Tutu tells Marrickville mayor". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- Robinson, Georgina (19 April 2011). "Top names back Marrickville Council's Israel boycott". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- Tobey, Josephine (20 April 2011). "Marrickville Council's move to boycott Israel sinks in stormy sea of debate". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- Aikman, Amos; Salusinszky, Imre (14 April 2011). "Marrickville council to boycott HP, others at $3.7m cost". The Australian.
- Benjamin, Henry (28 September 2011). "New Mayor for Marrickville". J-Wire: Jewish Online News from Australia and New Zealand. Reality Media Pty Ltd. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- "Marrickville Council - Central Ward - Wirraga". Local Government Elections 2012. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- "Marrickville Council - North Ward - Wali". Local Government Elections 2012. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- "Marrickville Council - South Ward - Magura". Local Government Elections 2012. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- "Marrickville Council - West Ward - Burraga". Local Government Elections 2012. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- Murada, Lauren; Murray, Oliver; Hamwi, Omar (26 September 2012). "Marrickville, Ashfield and Leichhardt councils elect new mayors". Inner West Courier. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
- "Our Local History". Marrickville Council.[dead link][dead link]
- "History of Suburbs". Marrickville Council.[dead link][dead link]
- "Your Council". Marrickville Council.[dead link][dead link]
- Baskerville, Bruce (1997). "A walking tour of O'Connell Town and parts of Bligh's Terrace (Newtown)". History Matrix.
- "Bradman Centenary Widely Recognised". Bradman Foundation.
- Grennan, Harvey (9 August 2005). "From Waste to Wonder". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- "Parks and Facilities". Marrickville Council.[dead link][dead link]
- "Community Events". Marrickville Council.[dead link][dead link]
- "Parramatta Rd nr Cardigan St Camperdown (combined east and westbound averages)" (Word (requires download)). Daily traffic volumes. Roads and Traffic Authority. 2005. pp. 67–68.
- "Welcome to Marrickville: Transport". Marrickville Council.[dead link][dead link]
- "Airport noise pollution will double, residents warned". Australia: ABC News. 20 March 2008.
- Meader, Chrys. "Sydenham" (PDF). Dictionary of Sydney.[dead link][dead link]
- "Sister Cities". Marrickville Council.[dead link][dead link]
- Marrickville Council
- Cadigal-Wangal website
- Reverse Garbage Centre
- Youth Resource Centre
- Interactive Map of Marrickville Local Government Area