Marrubium

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For the ancient city in Italy called Marrubium, see San Benedetto dei Marsi.
horehound
Marrubium rotundifolia.jpg
Foliage of Marrubium rotundifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Marrubium
L.
Synonyms[1]

Marrubium (horehound or hoarhound) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe, North Africa, and Asia as far east as the Xinjiang region of western China. A few species are also naturalized in North and South America.[1][2][3][4]

Species[1]
  1. Marrubium alyssoides Pomel - Algeria, Morocco
  2. Marrubium alysson L. - Mediterranean from Spain + Morocco to Palestine
  3. Marrubium anisodon K.Koch - Greece, Albania, Crimea, southwest Asia from Turkey to Kashmir
  4. Marrubium aschersonii Magnus - Tunisia
  5. Marrubium astracanicum Jacq. - Caucasus, Iran, Iraq, Turkey
  6. Marrubium atlanticum Batt. - Morocco
  7. Marrubium ayardii Maire - Morocco
  8. Marrubium × bastetanum Coincy - Spain (M. supinum × M. vulgare)
  9. Marrubium bourgaei Boiss. - Turkey
  10. Marrubium catariifolium Desr. - Caucasus, Turkey
  11. Marrubium cephalanthum Boiss. & Noë - Turkey
  12. Marrubium cordatum Nábelek - Iran, Iraq, Turkey
  13. Marrubium crassidens Boiss. - Iran, Iraq
  14. Marrubium cuneatum Banks & Sol. - Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine
  15. Marrubium cylleneum Boiss. & Heldr. - Greece
  16. Marrubium depauperatum Boiss. & Balansa - Turkey
  17. Marrubium duabense Murata - Iran, Afghanistan
  18. Marrubium echinatum Ball - Morocco
  19. Marrubium eriocephalum Seybold - Iraq
  20. Marrubium fontianum Maire - Rif in northern Morocco
  21. Marrubium friwaldskyanum Boiss. - Bulgaria
  22. Marrubium glechomifolium Freyn & Conrath - Caucasus
  23. Marrubium globosum Montbret & Aucher ex Benth. - Turkey, Syria, Lebanon
  24. Marrubium heterocladum Emb. & Maire - Rif in northern Morocco
  25. Marrubium heterodon (Benth.) Boiss. & Balansa - Turkey
  26. Marrubium hierapolitanum Mouterde - Syria
  27. Marrubium × humbertii Emb. & Maire - Morocco (M. ayardii × M. multibracteatum)
  28. Marrubium incanum Desr. - Italy (including Sicily + Sardinia), Greece, Albania, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria
  29. Marrubium leonuroides Desr. - Caucasus, Crimea
  30. Marrubium litardierei Marmey - Morocco
  31. Marrubium lutescens Boiss. & Heldr. - Turkey
  32. Marrubium multibracteatum Humbert & Maire - Morocco
  33. Marrubium × paniculatum Desr. - Austria, Czech Republic, Yugoslavia (M. peregrinum × M. vulgare)
  34. Marrubium parviflorum Fisch. & C.A.Mey. - Turkey, Iran, Caucasus
  35. Marrubium peregrinum L. - central + Eastern Europe, Turkey, Caucasus
  36. Marrubium persicum C.A.Mey - Turkey, Iran, Caucasus
  37. Marrubium pestalozzae Boiss. - Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Ukraine, Crimea
  38. Marrubium plumosum C.A.Mey. - Caucasus
  39. Marrubium procerum Bunge - Iran
  40. Marrubium propinquum Fisch. & C.A.Mey. - Iran, Caucasus
  41. Marrubium rotundifolia Boiss. - Turkey
  42. Marrubium sivasense Aytaç, Akgül & Ekici - Turkey
  43. Marrubium supinum L. - Spain, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia
  44. Marrubium thessalum Boiss. & Heldr. - Albania, Greece
  45. Marrubium trachyticum Boiss. - Turkey
  46. Marrubium vanense Hub.-Mor. - Turkey
  47. Marrubium velutinum Sm. - Greece
  48. Marrubium vulcanicum Hub.-Mor. - Turkey
  49. Marrubium vulgare L. - White Horehound or Common Horehound - widespread from Denmark + Azores + Canary Islands east to Xingiang; naturalized in New Zealand, New Caledonia, Hawaii, Easter Island, North + South America

The genus name Marrubium derives from the Hebrew marrob or bitter juice. The common name horehound is of unknown origin, but with the first part 'hore' derived from "hoary", "hairy".

The species formerly classified as Marrubium nigrum (Black Horehound) is now placed in the genus Ballota.

Marrubium species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Coleophora lineolea.

References[edit]