MarsDial

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
An image of MarsDial

The MarsDial is a sundial that was devised for missions to Mars. It is used to calibrate the Pancam cameras of the Mars landers. MarsDials were placed on the Spirit and Opportunity Mars rovers, inscribed with the words "Two worlds, One sun" and the word "Mars" in 22 languages.[1]

The sundial design team[2] included Bill Nye "The Science Guy," space artist Jon Lomberg, and astronomers Woodruff Sullivan, Steve Squyres and James Bell.

Curiosity (MSL), the rover which landed on Mars in August 2012, used a spare sundial remaining from the Mars Exploration Rovers.[3] It has a new text that reads "Mars 2012" and "To Mars To Explore".[3]

The ball is the nodus, the post is the gnomon.[4] The colors on the corners are for calibrating colors, and the inner circles for greyscale.[4] There is a mirrored section on the middle circle to reflect the sky.[4]

The sundials are also "message artifacts"—something for future human explorers.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ About the Pancam and calibration target
  2. ^ "Martian Sundial Designed For 2001 Space Mission Is Unveiled By Bill Nye "The Science Guy"". Science Daily. 22 April 1999. The sundial design team included Jon Lomberg, an artist and creative consultant to the Mauna Kea Center for Astronomy Education, Hawaii; Tyler Nordgren, an artist and astronomer at the U.S. Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, Ariz.; sundial expert Woodruff Sullivan, professor of astronomy at the University of Washington; Louis Friedman, executive director of the Planetary Society; Cornell University astronomers Steven Squyres and Jim Bell; and Bill Nye, the television writer and host of the public television children's science program, "Bill Nye The Science Guy." 
  3. ^ a b Rebecca Boyle - How A Sundial Lets Curiosity See Mars in Living Color (2012) - Poplular Science
  4. ^ a b c Cornell University - Sundial
  5. ^ Hawaii Tribune Herald - Big Island artist’s art to land on Mars, again

External links[edit]