Marsdenia

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Marsdenia
Starr 080530-4659 Marsdenia floribunda.jpg
Marsdenia floribunda
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Marsdenia
R.Br.
Type species
Marsdenia tinctoria
R.Br.

Marsdenia is a genus of plant in family Apocynaceae first described as a genus in 1810.[1] It is named in honor of the plant collector and Secretary of the Admiralty, William Marsden.[2] The plants are native to tropical regions in Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas.[3][4][5][6]

Species[7]
  1. Marsdenia altissima Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay
  2. Marsdenia amorimii - Bahia in E Brazil
  3. Marsdenia amylacea - N Brazil
  4. Marsdenia angolensis - Angola
  5. Marsdenia araujacea - Australia
  6. Marsdenia asplundii - Ecuador, Colombia
  7. Marsdenia astephanoides - Jalisco in Mexico
  8. Marsdenia australis - Australia
  9. Marsdenia beatricis - N Venezuela
  10. Marsdenia bergii - Pará in Brazil
  11. Marsdenia bourgeana - S Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras
  12. Marsdenia brachyloba - Yunnan in China
  13. Marsdenia brasiliensis - Goiás in Brazil
  14. Marsdenia brevisquama - Madagascar
  15. Marsdenia caatingae - Minas Gerais + Bahia in Brazil
  16. Marsdenia callosa - S Mexico
  17. Marsdenia carterae - Baja California Sur
  18. Marsdenia carvalhoi - Brazil
  19. Marsdenia castillonii - Tucumán in Argentina
  20. Marsdenia cavaleriei - Guizhou in China
  21. Marsdenia chinensis - S China
  22. Marsdenia chunii - Guangdong in China
  23. Marsdenia condensiflora - Venezuela, Colombia
  24. Marsdenia cordifolia - Madagascar
  25. Marsdenia coronata - Australia
  26. Marsdenia coulteri - E + S Mexico
  27. Marsdenia crassipes - Panama
  28. Marsdenia cryptostemma - Madagascar
  29. Marsdenia cundurango - Ecuador, Peru
  30. Marsdenia dorothyae - Rio de Janeiro
  31. Marsdenia dracontea - Brazil
  32. Marsdenia dressleri - Panama, Nicaragua
  33. Marsdenia dussii - Lesser Antilles
  34. Marsdenia ecuadorensis - Ecuador
  35. Marsdenia edulis - Sonora in Mexico
  36. Marsdenia elliptica - Puerto Rico
  37. Marsdenia engleriana - Costa Rica, Nicaragua
  38. Marsdenia exellii - São Tomé
  39. Marsdenia floribunda - West Indies, Central America
  40. Marsdenia fontella - Brazil
  41. Marsdenia fontellana - Brazil
  42. Marsdenia formosana - Taiwan
  43. Marsdenia fruticosa - Chiapas, Guatemala
  44. Marsdenia gallardoae - Oaxaca
  45. Marsdenia gilgiana - S Mexico, Central America
  46. Marsdenia gillespieae - Guyana
  47. Marsdenia glabra - S China, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand
  48. Marsdenia glaziovii - Brazil
  49. Marsdenia glomerata - Zhejiang in China
  50. Marsdenia griffithii - S China, E India
  51. Marsdenia gualanensis - S Mexico, Central America
  52. Marsdenia guanchezii - Amazonas State in Venezuela
  53. Marsdenia guaranitica - Paraguay
  54. Marsdenia hainanensis - S China, Vietnam
  55. Marsdenia hassleriana - Paraguay
  56. Marsdenia hatschbachii - Paraná in Brazil
  57. Marsdenia heringeri - Pernambuco in Brazil
  58. Marsdenia heterophylla - Brazil
  59. Marsdenia hilariana - Brazil, Bolivia, Venezuela
  60. Marsdenia hiriartiana - Guatemala, Honduras, Chiapas
  61. Marsdenia incisa - Guangxi + Yunnan in China
  62. Marsdenia inelegans - Colombia, Bolivia
  63. Marsdenia koi - S China, Vietnam, Myanmar
  64. Marsdenia lachnostoma - Hong Kong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand
  65. Marsdenia lauretiana - Peru
  66. Marsdenia laxiflora - S Mexico, Central America
  67. Marsdenia longipes - Guangxi + Yunnan in China
  68. Marsdenia loniceroides - Brazil
  69. Marsdenia macrantha - Mozambique
  70. Marsdenia macrocalyx - Brazil
  71. Marsdenia macrophylla - S America, C America, W Indies, S Mexico
  72. Marsdenia magniflora - S China
  73. Marsdenia maingayi - W Malaysia
  74. Marsdenia malmeana - Matto Grosso
  75. Marsdenia mayana - S Mexico, N Central America
  76. Marsdenia medogensis - Tibet
  77. Marsdenia megalantha - Bahia in Brazil
  78. Marsdenia mexicana - S Mexico, Guatemala
  79. Marsdenia micradenia - Australia
  80. Marsdenia montana - Minas Gerais
  81. Marsdenia naiguatensis - N Venezuela
  82. Marsdenia neomanarae - Brazil
  83. Marsdenia nicaraguensis - Nicaragua
  84. Marsdenia nicoyana - Central America
  85. Marsdenia nitida - West Indies
  86. Marsdenia oaxacana - Oaxaca
  87. Marsdenia officinalis - S China
  88. Marsdenia olgamarthae - Nicaragua
  89. Marsdenia oligantha - Peru
  90. Marsdenia oreophila - Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan
  91. Marsdenia otoniensis - Minas Gerais
  92. Marsdenia pachyglossa - Luzon in Philippines
  93. Marsdenia panamensis - Panama
  94. Marsdenia paraguaiensis - Paraguay
  95. Marsdenia parviflora - Indonesia
  96. Marsdenia parvifolia - C Mexico
  97. Marsdenia pickelii - Pernambuco
  98. Marsdenia pinetorum - Honduras
  99. Marsdenia popoluca - E Mexico
  100. Marsdenia pringlei - Mexico
  101. Marsdenia propinqua - Mexico
  102. Marsdenia pseudoedulis - Guatemala
  103. Marsdenia pseudotinctoria - Guangxi, Yunnan
  104. Marsdenia pulchella - Sichuan
  105. Marsdenia purpusiana - Veracruz in Mexico
  106. Marsdenia quadrialata - Madagascar
  107. Marsdenia queirozii - Bahia in Brazil
  108. Marsdenia riparia - Brazil
  109. Marsdenia rivularis - New Guinea
  110. Marsdenia robinsonii - Venezuela
  111. Marsdenia rotheana - Panama
  112. Marsdenia roylei - Himalayas
  113. Marsdenia rubrofusca - Loreto in Peru
  114. Marsdenia rzedowskiana - Puebla in Mexico
  115. Marsdenia schlechteriana - Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador
  116. Marsdenia sessilifolia - Minas Gerais
  117. Marsdenia schneideri - Sichuan, Yunnan, Laos, Vietnam
  118. Marsdenia sinensis - S China
  119. Marsdenia smithii - Venezuela
  120. Marsdenia spiralis - Paraguay, Bolivia
  121. Marsdenia sprucei - Venezuela
  122. Marsdenia stenantha - Sichuan, Yunnan
  123. Marsdenia stephanotidifolia - Guatemala
  124. Marsdenia steyermarkii - Guatemala
  125. Marsdenia suberosa - Rio de Janeiro
  126. Marsdenia tenacissima - India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Yunnan, N Indochina
  127. Marsdenia tenii - Yunnan
  128. Marsdenia thomasii - Mato Grosso
  129. Marsdenia tinctoria - China, India, Sri Lanka, SE Asia
  130. Marsdenia tingens - New Zealand
  131. Marsdenia tomentosa - Taiwan, Japan, Korea
  132. Marsdenia tressensiae - Corrientes in Argentina
  133. Marsdenia trivirgulata - Mexico
  134. Marsdenia truncata - Madagascar
  135. Marsdenia tubularis - Mexico
  136. Marsdenia tubulosa - Australia
  137. Marsdenia tumida - New Guinea
  138. Marsdenia ulei - Bahia in Brazil
  139. Marsdenia undulata - Panama
  140. Marsdenia veronicae - Central America
  141. Marsdenia verrucosa - Madagascar
  142. Marsdenia virgultorum - Brazil
  143. Marsdenia vohiborensis - Madagascar
  144. Marsdenia weberbaueri - Peru
  145. Marsdenia weddellii - Brazil
  146. Marsdenia woodburyana - Puerto Rico
  147. Marsdenia xerohylica - Colombia
  148. Marsdenia yuei - Yunnan
  149. Marsdenia yunnanensis - Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan
  150. Marsdenia zehntneri - Bahia in Brazil
  151. Marsdenia zimapanica - Oaxaca
formerly included[7]

transferred to other genera (Anisopus, Blepharodon, Cionura, Cynanchum, Dischidanthus, Dischidiopsis, Dittoceras, Dregea, Gongronema, Gymnema, Jasminanthes, Leichardtia, Lygisma, Matelea, Metalepis, Pergularia, Sarcolobus, Secamonopsis, Sinomenium, Stephanotis, Stigmatorhynchus, Tylophora)

  1. M. abyssinica now Dregea abyssinica
  2. M. acuminata (Wall.) I.M.Turner now Gymnema acuminatum
  3. M. acuminata (Brongn.) Choux now Stephanotis acuminata
  4. M. acuta now Sinomenium acutum
  5. M. angustifolia now Lygisma angustifolia
  6. M. barbata now Gymnema barbatum
  7. M. batesii now Anisopus mannii
  8. M. bicolor now Matelea bicolor
  9. M. bicoronata now Anisopus bicoronata
  10. M. billardieri now Leichardtia billardieri
  11. M. brachystephana now Sarcolobus brachystephanus
  12. M. brevifolia now Gymnema brevifolium
  13. M. brunoniana now Pergularia brunoniana
  14. M. calesiana now Pergularia calesiana
  15. M. cinerascens now Tylophora cinerascens
  16. M. clausa now Pergularia clausa
  17. M. crinita now Dregea crinita
  18. M. dissitiflora now Gymnema dissitiflorum
  19. M. efulensis now Anisopus efulensis
  20. M. erecta now Cionura erecta
  21. M. ericoides now Leichardtia ericoides
  22. M. faulknerae now Dregea faulknerae
  23. M. flavescens now Pergularia flavescens
  24. M. gazensis now Gongronema gazense
  25. M. geminata now Gymnema sylvestre
  26. M. glabriflora now Gongronema latifolium
  27. M. gracilis now Blepharodon mucronatum
  28. M. grandiflora (Decne.) Choux 1923 not C.Norman 1929 now Stephanotis grandiflora
  29. M. hamiltonii now Pergularia hamiltonii
  30. M. hirta now Gymnema hirtum
  31. M. javanica now Cynanchum javanicum
  32. M. lactifera now Gymnema lactiferum
  33. M. lanceolata now Dregea lanceolata
  34. M. leonensis now Gongronema latifolium
  35. M. leptophylla now Leichardtia leptophylla
  36. M. littoralis now Gymnema littorale
  37. M. longiflora now Stephanotis longiflora
  38. M. madagascariensis now Secamonopsis madagascariensis
  39. M. matudae now Metalepis peraffinis
  40. M. muelleri now Gymnema muelleri
  41. M. neriifolia now Blepharodon gomphocarpoides
  42. M. obscura now Gongronema obscurum
  43. M. parasita now Dischidiopsis parasitica
  44. M. picta now Blepharodon pictum
  45. M. pilosa now Jasminanthes pilosa
  46. M. pleiadenia now Gymnema pleiadenium
  47. M. racemosa now Gongronema latifolium
  48. M. rhynchogyna now Anisopus mannii
  49. M. rostrata now Pergularia rostrata
  50. M. rostrata var. dunnii now Gymnema dunnii
  51. M. rostrifera now Anisopus rostrifera
  52. M. schimperi now Dregea schimperi
  53. M. stellaris now Dittoceras stellaris
  54. M. stelostigma now Dregea stelostigma
  55. M. suaveolens now Pergularia suaveolens
  56. M. suborbicularis now Gymnema suborbiculare
  57. M. sylvestris now Gymnema sylvestre
  58. M. syringifolia now Gymnema syringifolium
  59. M. taylorii now Gongronema taylorii
  60. M. thouarsii now Stephanotis thouarsii
  61. M. tikalana now Gonolobus glaberrimus
  62. M. tricholepis now Gymnema tricholepis
  63. M. trinervis now Gymnema trinerve
  64. M. umbellifera now Stigmatorhynchus umbelliferus
  65. M. urceolata now Dischidanthus urceolatus
  66. M. velutina now Tylophora velutina
  67. M. vincaeflora now Stephanotis vincaeflora
  68. M. viridiflora now Pergularia viridiflora
  69. M. volubilis now Dregea volubilis

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brown, Robert. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae 460. in Latin
  2. ^ Les Robinson - Field Guide to the Native Plants of Sydney, ISBN 978-0-7318-1211-0 page 327
  3. ^ Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 243 牛奶菜属 niu nai cai shu Marsdenia R. Brown, Prodr. 460. 1810.
  4. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2009. Cucurbitaceae a Polemoniaceae. 4(1): i–xvi, 1–855. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F..
  5. ^ Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
  6. ^ Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Flora of Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi
  7. ^ a b The Plant List, genus Marsdenia