Marseille-Fos Port

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Not to be confused with Old Port of Marseille.
Marseille Fos port
Marseille harbour mg 6383.jpg
Container ship in the east basin (Marseille)
Location
Country France
Location Marseille, Fos-sur-Mer
Coordinates 43°12′11″N 5°12′04″E / 43.2031°N 5.2010°E / 43.2031; 5.2010
Details
Opened 15th century (quays construction)
Type of harbor grand port maritime
Statistics
Annual cargo tonnage Decrease 85.79 million tonnes (2012)[1]
Annual container volume Increase 1,062,408 TEU (2012)
Passenger traffic Increase 2.4 million (2012)
Website
http://www.marseille-port.fr

Marseille Fos port,[2] officially named in French Grand port maritime de Marseille (Great seaport of Marseille), is the main French trade seaport. In 2011 the port had an overall traffic of 88 million tons, it is located in two main sites, in northern Marseille from La Joliette to l'Estaque and in Fos-sur-Mer, about 50 km (31 mi) north west of Marseille. The port generates 45,000 jobs and $ 4 billion euros of value added according to an OECD study.[3]

History[edit]

Historically the local port was the Old Port of Marseille. In the 1840s, maritime traffic becomes too intense for the Old Port capacities and an extension seemed necessary. As second port of France, the issue was too important and the decision escaped the city by the law of August 5, 1844. The government ordered the construction of the basin of la Joliette, at the north of the Old Port, through an ambitious project (18 million francs). The construction of the large mole used concrete blocks techniques. The Joliette infrastructures began to be used in 1847. The pool was fully completed in 1853.

Traffic statistics[edit]

Port traffic
General cargo (tons) Containers (TEU) Passengers
2010 86 M 953,435 2.06 M
2011 88 M 944,047 2.3 M
2012 85.79 M 1,062,408 2.4 M

References[edit]