Marshal Ney-class monitor

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HMSMarshalNey.jpg
Marshal Ney with guns trained to starboard
Class overview
Name: Marshal Ney
Builders: Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company
Operators:  Royal Navy
In service: 1915 - 1957
In commission: 1915
Completed: 2
General characteristics [1]
Type: Monitor
Displacement: 6,670 tons (Standard)
6,900 tons (Full load)
Length: 355 ft (108 m)
Beam: 90 ft (27 m)
Draught: 10 ft 5 in (3.18 m)
Propulsion: Diesel engines (MAN for Ney, Vickers for Soult), 2 shafts, 1,500 hp
Speed: 9 knots (17 km/h) designed
6 knots (11 km/h) best actual
Complement: 187
Armament: 2 × 15-inch main guns in a single turret
8 × 4-inch guns
2 × single mount 3 inch (76 mm) guns
2 × 12-pounder guns
Armour: Turret: 13 inch
Barbette: 8 inch
Belt: 4 inch

The two Marshal Ney-class monitors were built for the Royal Navy during the First World War

Design and development[edit]

The need for monitors for shelling enemy positions from the English Channel had become apparent only at the start of the war and they were designed with some haste. The design of monitors had been given by the Director of Naval Construction, Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt, to the Assistant Constructor, Charles S. Lillicrap (later himself to become Director). By the time the Marshal Neys came about some 33 monitors of various sorts had already been ordered. The redesign of the battlecruisers Renown and Repulse meant that there were now two modern 15-inch turrets available. The First Sea Lord Jackie Fisher and Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty decided these should be used for two more monitors, initially M 13 and M 14, but then renamed after the French Napoleonic War marshals Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult and Michel Ney.

For machinery the two monitors received diesel engines, which were then a novelty - the majority of ships being steam powered. The use of diesels meant that they had no need of boiler rooms which went well with a low draught, nor of large funnels which reduced the amount of superstructure. These engines were originally designed for much smaller freighters and therefore they proved particularly slow and unreliable.

The turret was on multi-sided barbette made of individual flat plates, cutting down on the build time. The 4-inch (102 mm) guns were disposed along her sides for protection from smaller vessels, the 3-inch (76 mm) guns being for anti-aircraft use.

Ships[edit]

Built by Palmers, Newcastle
Launched June 1915
Completed August 1915
Served with the Dover Monitor Squadron, after the war became a gunnery training ship. At the start of World War II she was considered for recommissioning but instead her turret was removed for a new monitor, Abercrombie and she became a headquarters ship. She was paid off and scrapped in 1946
Built by Palmers, Newcastle
Launched August 1915
Completed November 1915
After trials the turret was removed for Erebus and she was regunned with 6- and 4-inch (102 mm) guns and acted as a guardship until the end of the war. She later acted as a depot ship gaining onshore buildings, and was renamed Alaunia II and was only finally scrapped in 1957
Marshal Ney underway August 26 1915

See also[edit]

Media related to Marshal Ney-class monitor at Wikimedia Commons

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Conway, All The World's Fighting Ships 1906-1921