Marshall, Alaska

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Marshall
Masserculleq
City
Marshall is located in Alaska
Marshall
Marshall
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 61°52′41″N 162°5′5″W / 61.87806°N 162.08472°W / 61.87806; -162.08472Coordinates: 61°52′41″N 162°5′5″W / 61.87806°N 162.08472°W / 61.87806; -162.08472
Country United States
State Alaska
Census Area Wade Hampton
Incorporated June 9, 1970[1]
Government
 • Mayor Nora M. Tikium[2]
Area
 • Total 4.7 sq mi (12.2 km2)
 • Land 4.7 sq mi (12.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 115 ft (35 m)
Population (2007)[3]
 • Total 378
 • Density 73.9/sq mi (28.5/km2)
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP code 99585
Area code(s) 907
FIPS code 02-47000

Marshall (Masserculleq in Central Yup'ik) is a city in Wade Hampton Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 349.

Geography[edit]

Marshall is located at 61°52′41″N 162°05′05″W / 61.878073°N 162.084812°W / 61.878073; -162.084812.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.7 square miles (12 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 349 people, 91 households, and 73 families residing in the city. The population density was 73.9 people per square mile (28.5/km²). There were 104 housing units at an average density of 22.0 per square mile (8.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 2.01% White, 95.99% Alaska Native or Native American, and 2.01% from two or more races. 0.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 91 households out of which 59.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 22.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.7% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.84 and the average family size was 4.23.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 45.3% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 4.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,917, and the median income for a family was $37,750. Males had a median income of $25,469 versus $37,917 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,597. About 20.8% of families and 28.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.7% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Marshall's previous name, changed in 1984, from Fortuna Ledge,[6] was a mining village in the 1800s and early 1900s, with mining operations in Wilson Creek, just down river from the Ledge. With that, many Alaska natives were moved from other villages, as far away as Unalakleet, Ohogamuit and Takchak. With that, there are two main native groups, the Yupik descendants, hailing from both Takchak and Ohogamuit, and the Inupiaq descendants, hailing from Unalakleet. Along with the Native descent, Marshall does boast a hefty proportion of Russian descendants mixed in with the Inupiaqs, and have since mingled with the Yupik ancestry, and has become a Yupik/Inupiaq/Russian community.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974". Alaska Local Government (Juneau: Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs) XIII (2): 34. January 1974. 
  2. ^ "Community: Marshall". Community Database Online. Juneau: Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs. February 11, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alaska". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ http://www.explorenorth.com/library/communities/alaska/bl-Marshall.htm

External links[edit]