Marshall, Illinois

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Not to be confused with Marshall County, Illinois.
Coordinates: 39°23′34″N 87°41′37″W / 39.39278°N 87.69361°W / 39.39278; -87.69361
Marshall
City
Downtown Marshall IL.jpg
Downtown Marshall
Motto: "Thru The Years With Pride"[1]
Country United States
State Illinois
County Clark
Coordinates 39°23′34″N 87°41′37″W / 39.39278°N 87.69361°W / 39.39278; -87.69361
Area 3.74 sq mi (10 km2)
 - land 3.72 sq mi (10 km2)
 - water 0.02 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 3,933 (2010)
Density 1,202.7 / sq mi (464 / km2)
Founded 1835
Mayor Camie Sanders
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62441
Area code 217
Location of Marshall within Illinois
Location of Marshall within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Marshall, Illinois
Website: City of Marshall, Illinois

Marshall is a city in Clark County, Illinois, United States, located about 20 miles (32 km) west of Terre Haute, Indiana. The population was 3,933 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Clark County.[2]

History[edit]

Marshall was officially organized by William B. Archer in 1835, eight years after the National Road entered the community.[3] The city was named after John Marshall, chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.[4] Marshall was incorporated on May 14, 1873.[5]

In 1863, Marshall was the scene of conflict in which local Copperheads, who opposed the Civil War, sought to protect soldiers who had deserted from the Union Army. In March, 1863, an army detail from Indiana arrested several deserters. A local judge, Charles H. Constable, freed the deserters and ordered the arrest of two Union sergeants on kidnapping charges. This resulted in the dispatch of 250 soldiers under the command of Col. Henry B. Carrington by special train from Indianapolis, who surrounded the courthouse, freed the sergeants and arrested judge Charles H. Constable. The judge was, however, absolved several months later after presenting a highly technical defense.[6]

Marshall was home to the Handy Writers' Colony, 1950-1964. The most famous writer associated with the Colony was the novelist James Jones, who built a home in Marshall and lived there ca. 1952-1957.

Geography[edit]

Marshall is located at 39°23′34″N 87°41′37″W / 39.39278°N 87.69361°W / 39.39278; -87.69361 (39.392848, -87.693627).[7]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 3.74 square miles (9.7 km2), of which 3.72 square miles (9.6 km2) (or 99.47%) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) (or 0.53%) is water.[8]

Demographics[edit]

The Archer House Hotel is one of seven sites in Marshall listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 3,771 people, 1,655 households, and 1,002 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,202.7 people per square mile (463.7/km²). There were 1,832 housing units at an average density of 584.3 per square mile (225.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.33% White, 0.29% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.48% of the population.

There were 1,655 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 35.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 84.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,413, and the median income for a family was $42,909. Males had a median income of $31,108 versus $21,144 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,851. About 3.6% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The downtown district is centered on the county courthouse, and includes a number of antique shops. The town's major employer, TRW Automotive, operates an automotive electronics manufacturing facility, employing a thousand area residents.[citation needed] Marshall is the site of the oldest continually operated hotel in Illinois, the Archer House.

Arts and culture[edit]

Every autumn Marshall holds a Fall Festival.

Government[edit]

The City of Marshall City Council consists of nine members: eight aldermen and the mayor. Current officeholders are: Camie Sanders, Mayor (term expires 2017); Cheryl Raisner, Alderman Ward 1 (term expires 2017); Tim Sanders, Alderman Ward 1 (term expires 2015); Vickie Wallace, Alderman Ward 2 (term expires 2017); Beverly Church, Alderman Ward 2 (term expires 2015); Jim McKittrick, Alderman Ward 3 (term expires 2017); Warren LeFever, Alderman Ward 3 (term expires 2015); Cathy Macke, Alderman Ward 4 (term expires 2017); Mark Strait, Alderman Ward 4 (term expires 2015); John Trefz, City Clerk; and Larry Woodard, City Treasurer.[10]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Marshall, Illinois". City of Marshall, Illinois. Retrieved August 31, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Marshall from the National Road Association Of Illinois website
  4. ^ "Profile for Marshall, Illinois, IL". ePodunk. Retrieved August 31, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Marshall, Illinois". City-Data.com. Retrieved August 31, 2012. 
  6. ^ Stephen E. Towne, "'Such conduct must be put down' -- The Military Arrest of Judge Charles H. Constable during the Civil War", Journal of Illinois History, vol 9, no. 1, Spring 2006, p. 43
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ City Council from the city's website
  11. ^ Towne, Stephen E. (2006). Journal of Illinois History. Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis. 
  12. ^ "Ed Mayer". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 31, 2012. 
  13. ^ 'Illinois Blue book 1971-1972, Biographical Sketch of John W. Lewis, pg. 45

External links[edit]