Marshall, Minnesota

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Marshall, Minnesota
City
Main Street in downtown Marshall
Main Street in downtown Marshall
Location of the city of Marshallwithin Lyon Countyin the state of Minnesota
Location of the city of Marshall
within Lyon County
in the state of Minnesota
Coordinates: 44°26′50″N 95°47′16″W / 44.44722°N 95.78778°W / 44.44722; -95.78778
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Lyon
Government
 • Type Mayor – Council
 • Mayor Bob Byrnes
Area[1]
 • Total 10.08 sq mi (26.11 km2)
 • Land 10.07 sq mi (26.08 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 1,161 ft (354 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 13,680
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 13,446
 • Density 1,358.5/sq mi (524.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 56258
Area code(s) 507
FIPS code 27-40688[4]
GNIS feature ID 0647561[5]
Website www.marshallmn.com

Marshall is a city in Lyon County, Minnesota in the United States. The population was 13,680 at the 2010 census.[6] Marshall is a regional center in southwest Minnesota, and the county seat of Lyon County.[7] Marshall is the headquarters of the Schwan Food Company and the home of Southwest Minnesota State University. Marshall is also the site of Exelon Wind's Marshall Wind Project.[8]

History[edit]

Marshall was founded in 1872. Lake Marshall Township had been established in the area two years earlier, and included a post office and several farms. Before that, the site was occasionally used as a campground for groups of Dakota, who hunted and traveled throughout the region. After much discussion, James J. Manton decided on Marshall in honor of Governor William R. Marshall.

The town grew rapidly. In 1873, the first newspaper was published by Samuel Biglari, the Prairie Schooner. Biglari noted in the October 25, 1873, newspaper, "Nine months ago the first house was erected. Now there are 79 permanent buildings already constructed, and this number will be increased by others already planned." Marshall became an incorporated village in 1876, and a city on February 20, 1901. In April, 1874, the local paper estimated the population of Marshall at 300, by 1900 the population was 2,088. Holy Redeemer Catholic Church was built in 1884. The Weiner Memorial Hospital was built in 1950. Also during the 1950s, Marvin Schwan transformed his dairy into an ice cream home delivery service, which eventually grew into the Schwan Food Company.[9]

The flooding of the Redwood River historically had been a problem in Marshall. The city experienced a series of floods in the 1940s and 1950s. Diversion canals were constructed between 1961 and 1963, though occasional flooding still occurs, notably in 1993. Another project in 1997 removed 107,000 cubic meters (140,000 cubic yards) of sediment from the diversion channel. The diversion channel and Redwood River underwent major upstream and downstream improvements, which were completed in December 2000. During both the spring and fall of 2010, the Marshall area experienced unseasonably high amounts of moisture, yet the Redwood River remained within its banks through town.

Southwest Minnesota State University was founded in 1963 and opened its doors in 1967. Most of the campus was constructed between 1967 and 1973.

Geography[edit]

Marshall is at latitude 44.47N and longitude -95.78W, with an elevation of 354 meters (1,161 feet) above sea level. The city is 150 km (93 mi) northeast of Sioux Falls, South Dakota and 238 km (148 mi) southwest of Minneapolis. It is in the Central Standard time zone and has been assigned the ZIP code of 56258. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.08 square miles (26.11 km2), of which 10.07 square miles (26.08 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1] It is located in a predominantly rural and agricultural area that was originally an expanse of northern tallgrass prairie. The flood plain of the Redwood River begins in Marshall.

U.S. Highway 59 and Minnesota State Highways 19, 23, and 68 are four of the main routes in the city. Greyhound Bus Lines provides intercity service.

The Southwest Minnesota Regional Airport-Marshall/Ryan Field is a municipal airport. The 2,200-meter (7,200-foot) runway can handle commercial airliners. Marshall is not currently served by scheduled air service, but charter flights are available.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 961
1890 1,203 25.2%
1900 2,088 73.6%
1910 2,152 3.1%
1920 3,092 43.7%
1930 3,250 5.1%
1940 4,590 41.2%
1950 5,923 29.0%
1960 6,681 12.8%
1970 9,886 48.0%
1980 11,161 12.9%
1990 12,023 7.7%
2000 12,735 5.9%
2010 13,680 7.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 13,680 people, 5,394 households, and 2,992 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,358.5 inhabitants per square mile (524.5 /km2). There were 5,744 housing units at an average density of 570.4 per square mile (220.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.8% White, 4.0% African American, 0.6% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 3.6% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.8% of the population.

There were 5,394 households of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.5% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 29.7 years. 22.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 19.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 21.4% were from 45 to 64; and 11.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5% male and 50.5% female. 2013 census population of marshall is about 14220

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 12,735 people, 4,914 households, and 2,914 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,537.0 people per square mile (593.1/km²). There were 5,182 housing units at an average density of 625.4 per square mile (241.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.35% White, 2.79% Black or African American, 0.35% American Indian or Alaska Native, 1.52% Asian, 0.03% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, 2.61% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.93% of the population.

There were 4,914 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.7% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 19.1% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,950, and the median income for a family was $52,284. Males had a median income of $35,478 versus $21,640 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,588. About 7.8% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

69.6% of the people in Marshall affiliate with a particular religion. Specifically, 34.5% report that they are Catholic, 31.4% are Protestant, 0.8% are LDS, and 2.9% are another Christian faith.[11]

Economy[edit]

The Schwan Food Company, headquartered in Marshall, is one of the largest frozen-food companies in the United States. It is a 4.2 billion dollar organization and is the third-largest privately held corporation in Minnesota after Cargill and Carlson Companies. With approximately 22,000 employees worldwide, The Schwan Food Company has grown to become one of the largest producers of frozen pizza and egg rolls in the nation. The company is also known for its frozen desserts and premium ice cream manufacturing and distribution. Schwans employs approximately 2,500 people in Marshall.

One of Marshall's streets downtown, Marvin Schwan Memorial Drive, located between College Drive (Marshall's main through street) and A Street, is named after Marvin Schwan, the founder of the Schwan Food Company, who died in 1993. Prior to that time, it was called Depot Street.

A large corn wet-milling facility operated by Archer Daniels Midland Company is located in Marshall. This was formerly run by a farmer's cooperative, Minnesota Corn Processors, but it merged with ADM in 2002.[12] The plant employs 250 people.

Runnings Farm and Fleet is a regional retail chain with headquarters in Marshall.

Other major employers in the city are US Bancorp, Avera Marshall Regional Medical Center, Hy-Vee, Shopko, Runnings Farm and Fleet, Menards, Wal-Mart Supercenter, Southwest Minnesota State University, Turkey Valley Farms, and Marshall Public Schools.[13]

Government[edit]

Marshall has a mayor and city council that meet twice monthly. The city is divided into three wards, with two council members for each ward. The mayor and council members are elected for four year terms. The elected officials govern in coordination with a city administrator and city attorney. The major divisions of city hall are City Administration, Community Services, Economic Development, General Services, Public Safety, and Public Works.

Education[edit]

Public schools in district 413 include Marshall Senior High School, Marshall Middle School, Parkside Elementary, and West Side Elementary. An additional service for grades 7–12 is Marshall East Campus Learning Alternatives. The athletic teams in Marshall are called the Tigers. Private schools include Holy Redeemer, Marshall Area Christian, and Samuel Lutheran School.

The Marshall-Lyon County Library is part of the Plum Creek Library System and contains 75,803 books, 3,142 audio materials, 2,302 video materials, and 205 periodical subscriptions.

Southwest Minnesota State University is a public, four year liberal arts and professional studies institution. It has an enrollment of approximately 3,500 full-time students.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ http://www.exeloncorp.com/PowerPlants/exelonwind-minnesota/Pages/profile.aspx
  9. ^ Radzilowski, J. (1997). Prairie town: A history of Marshall, Minnesota, 1872-1997. Marshall, MN: Lyon County Historical Society.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Sperling's Best Places Retrieved December 19, 2008.
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ http://www.marshallmn.com/portal/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=88&Itemid=310
  14. ^ Elton, Karin. "110 years young". Marshall Independent. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°26′49″N 95°47′18″W / 44.44694°N 95.78833°W / 44.44694; -95.78833