Marshall County, Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Marshall County, Alabama
Marshall County Courthouse in Guntersville, Alabama.JPG
Marshall County Courthouse in Guntersville
Map of Alabama highlighting Marshall County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded January 9, 1836
Named for John Marshall
Seat Guntersville
Largest city Albertville
Area
 • Total 623.16 sq mi (1,614 km2)
 • Land 567.06 sq mi (1,469 km2)
 • Water 56.10 sq mi (145 km2)
Population
 • (2010) 93,019
 • Density 164/sq mi (63/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.marshallco.org

Marshall County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of John Marshall, famous Chief Justice of the United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 93,019.[1] Its county seat is Guntersville. A second courthouse is in Albertville.

The U.S. federal government has designated the county as the Albertville micropolitan statistical area, which is a component of the Huntsville-Decatur-Albertville, AL Combined Statistical Area.

Marshall County is a dry county, with the exception of the four cities of Albertville, Arab, Guntersville, and Boaz.

History & Geography[edit]

Marshall County was established on January 9, 1836.[2]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 623.16 square miles (1,614.0 km2), of which 567.06 square miles (1,468.7 km2) (or 91.00%) is land and 56.10 square miles (145.3 km2) (or 9.00%) is water.[3] The Tennessee river runs both north and south within the county.

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

River[edit]

Tennessee River

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 7,553
1850 8,846 17.1%
1860 11,472 29.7%
1870 9,871 −14.0%
1880 14,585 47.8%
1890 18,935 29.8%
1900 23,289 23.0%
1910 28,553 22.6%
1920 32,669 14.4%
1930 39,802 21.8%
1940 42,395 6.5%
1950 45,090 6.4%
1960 48,018 6.5%
1970 54,211 12.9%
1980 65,622 21.0%
1990 70,832 7.9%
2000 82,231 16.1%
2010 93,019 13.1%
Est. 2012 94,776 1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 82,231 people, 32,547 households, and 23,531 families residing in the county. The population density was 145 people per square mile (56/km2). There were 36,331 housing units at an average density of 64 per square mile (25/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.38% White, 1.47% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.24% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 5.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the census[6] of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Marshall County were English 68.2%, Scots-Irish 12.31%, Scottish 5.1%, Irish 4.22%, Welsh 2.3% and African 1.47%

There were 32,547 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,167, and the median income for a family was $38,788. Males had a median income of $30,500 versus $20,807 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,089. About 11.70% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.90% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Marshall County courthouse in Albertville.

Places of interest[edit]

Marshall County is home to numerous outdoor recreation areas including Lake Guntersville State Park, Cathedral Caverns State Park, and Buck's Pocket State Park.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Marshall County History
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°22′05″N 86°18′14″W / 34.36806°N 86.30389°W / 34.36806; -86.30389