Marshall County, Indiana
|Marshall County, Indiana|
Marshall County courthouse in Plymouth, Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
|Named for||John Marshall|
|• Total||449.74 sq mi (1,165 km2)|
|• Land||443.63 sq mi (1,149 km2)|
|• Water||6.11 sq mi (16 km2), 1.36%|
|• Density||106/sq mi (40.88/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
|Footnotes: Indiana county number 50|
Marshall County was formed in 1836, during the early years of European-American settlement and before the forced removal of the Potawatomi people in 1838. It was named for U.S. Chief Justice John Marshall, who died in 1835. Marshall County is notable as the starting point in 1838 of the Potawatomi Trail of Death, which was the forced removal by United States forces of Chief Menominee and 859 members of the Potawatomi nation from Indiana to Indian Territory, at the site of present-day Osawatomie, Kansas, a distance of 660 miles (1,060 km). The first non-Native American settlers arrived in what is now Marshall County in 1835. They arrived as a result of the end of the Black Hawk War as well as the completion of the Erie Canal. They consisted entirely of settlers from New England. These were "Yankee" settlers, that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the colonial era. They were primarily members of the Congregational Church though due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before coming to what is now Marshall County. As a result of this heritage some place names in Marshall County are named after places in New England, such as Plymouth, which is named after Plymouth, Massachusetts, the site where the Mayflower landed in 1620. When the New England settlers arrived in what is now Marshall County there was nothing but a dense virgin forest and wild prairie. In the late 1870s immigrants began arriving from Germany and Ireland.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 449.74 square miles (1,164.8 km2), of which 443.63 square miles (1,149.0 km2) (or 98.64%) is land and 6.11 square miles (15.8 km2) (or 1.36%) is water. The Yellow River flows through northern, central, and western portions of Marshall County, past Plymouth; the Tippecanoe River flows through the southeastern part of the county.
- St. Joseph County (north)
- Elkhart County (northeast)
- Kosciusko County (east)
- Fulton County (south)
- Pulaski County (southwest)
- Starke County (west)
Cities and towns
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in Plymouth have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.86 inches (47 mm) in February to 4.48 inches (114 mm) in June.
County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.
Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.
Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.
County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.
Marshall County is part of Indiana's 2nd congressional district and in 2008 was represented by Joe Donnelly in the United States Congress. It is also part of Indiana Senate districts 5 and 9 and Indiana House of Representatives districts 17 and 23.
As of the census of 2000, there were 45,128 people, 16,519 households, and 12,191 families residing in the county. The population density was 102 people per square mile (39/km²). There were 18,099 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.53% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.54% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 5.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 36.6% were of German, 14.2% American, 8.2% English and 8.0% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 16,519 households out of which 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.30% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.20% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the county the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,581, and the median income for a family was $48,527. Males had a median income of $33,999 versus $22,482 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,427. About 4.80% of families and 6.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.30% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.
- "Marshall County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 567.
- A Twentieth Century History of Marshall County, Indiana, Volume 1 By Daniel McDonald
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
- Indiana Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1998. pp. 20–21, 26–27. ISBN 0-89933-211-0.
- "Monthly Averages for Plymouth, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- "US Congressman Joe Donnelly". US Congress. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||St. Joseph County||Elkhart County|
|Starke County||Kosciusko County|
|Pulaski County||Fulton County|