Marshall County, Kentucky

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Marshall County, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Marshall County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1842
Named for John Marshall
Seat Benton
Largest city Benton
Area
 • Total 340 sq mi (881 km2)
 • Land 301 sq mi (780 km2)
 • Water 39 sq mi (101 km2), 11%
Population
 • (2010) 31,448
 • Density 104/sq mi (40/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website marshallcounty.ky.gov

Marshall County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,448.[1] Its county seat is Benton.[2] It was a dry county until 2004, when residents of Calvert City voted to allow sales of liquor by the drink in restaurants.[3] It is the only Purchase Area county to not border another state.

Marshall County was named Kentucky's "Best County to Live In" ten years in a row, from 1999-2009.[4]

History[edit]

Marshall County was formed by the Kentucky legislature in 1842 from part of Calloway County. The first settlers came about 1818, when the area was bought from the Chickasaw Indians as part of the Jackson Purchase. The Native Americans then moved to new lands west of the Mississippi River. Marshall County was named in honor of Chief Justice John Marshall, who had died shortly before the county's creation.[5]

From its settlement until the 1930s, Marshall County was nearly completely agricultural.

In the 1940s, the Tennessee Valley Authority created Kentucky Lake, which brought tourism to the county with lake shore resorts. The Kentucky Dam's cheap and plentiful electricity also attracted chemical and manufacturing plants, mostly in the Calvert City area. However, the creation of the lake destroyed two historic Marshall County towns - Birmingham, located six miles north of the present town of Fairdealing, and Gilbertsville, which was at the dam's site. Gilbertsville was rebuilt to the west of its original location. Birmingham residents had to move elsewhere. Gilbertsville was an incorporated town until the 1970s, when its charter was dissolved by public vote. Kentucky Lake (created on the Tennessee River) and Lake Barkley (created on the Cumberland River) form one of the largest man-made bodies of water in the world.

Historically, Marshall County has been a stronghold of the Democratic Party. Since the founding of the county, Democrats have dominated county politics. At present, all elected county officials are Democrats, with the exception of one.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 340 square miles (880 km2), of which 301 square miles (780 km2) is land and 39 square miles (100 km2) (11%) is water.[6] The county's northeastern border is formed by the Tennessee River and Kentucky Lake.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 5,269
1860 6,982 32.5%
1870 9,455 35.4%
1880 9,647 2.0%
1890 11,287 17.0%
1900 13,692 21.3%
1910 15,771 15.2%
1920 15,215 −3.5%
1930 12,889 −15.3%
1940 16,602 28.8%
1950 13,387 −19.4%
1960 16,736 25.0%
1970 20,381 21.8%
1980 25,637 25.8%
1990 27,205 6.1%
2000 30,125 10.7%
2010 31,448 4.4%
Est. 2013 31,107 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 30,125 people, 12,412 households, and 8,998 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 per square mile (38 /km2). There were 14,730 housing units at an average density of 48 per square mile (19 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.57% White, 0.002% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 0.76% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

There were 12,412 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.83.

The age distribution was 21.80% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,573, and the median income for a family was $43,670. Males had a median income of $36,673 versus $21,941 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,069. About 6.60% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.60% of those under age 18 and 10.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Annual events[edit]

On the first Monday of April, Benton holds its Tater Day. Originating in 1842 as a day for farmers to gather at the county seat to trade their agricultural goods, today Tater Day is a celebration that includes a festival and parade. Tater Day derives its name from the main item traded—sweet potatoes for seed, i.e., for bedding in prepared "seedbed" to produce slips for growers to transplant to gardens or fields. Tater Day is the world's only celebration of the sweet potato.

On the fourth Sunday of each May, The Big Singing, an all-day sing-along program of Southern Harmony shape note gospel music is held at the county courthouse. While other major singings still survive, The Big Singing, begun in 1884, is the only singing in the world to use the William Walker Southern Harmony system of shape-note singing. The Big Singing is also distinguished as the oldest continuously operating indigenous music festival in the United States.

Other annual events include Hardin Day and Aurora Country Festival, celebrated in the small towns of Hardin and Aurora. More recently, the area has become known for the annual Hot August Blues and Barbecue Festival and for the Kentucky Lake Bluegrass Festival, held at Kenlake State Resort Park. Marshall County is also home to Jackson Purchase barbecue, a unique style that is found in the Jackson Purchase region of Kentucky.

See also[edit]

Resources[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Big Singing Day in Benton, Kentucky: A Study of the History, Ethnic Identity and Musical Style of Southern Harmony Singers, by Deborah Carlton Loftis, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kentucky, 1987. Review

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Calvert City official website" Retrieved 2010-12-2.
  4. ^ Jackson Purchase Historical Society. Marshall County August 22, 2010, accessed December 6, 2010.
  5. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 36. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°53′N 88°20′W / 36.88°N 88.34°W / 36.88; -88.34