Marshall County Courthouse (Iowa)

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Marshall County Courthouse
Marshall County Courthouse DH.jpg
Marshall County Courthouse (Iowa) is located in Iowa
Marshall County Courthouse (Iowa)
Location Courthouse Square Marshalltown, Iowa
Coordinates 42°2′55″N 92°54′42″W / 42.04861°N 92.91167°W / 42.04861; -92.91167Coordinates: 42°2′55″N 92°54′42″W / 42.04861°N 92.91167°W / 42.04861; -92.91167
Built 1886
Architect Cochrane, J.C
Architectural style Classical Revival
Governing body Local
MPS County Courthouses in Iowa TR (AD)
NRHP Reference # 72000478[1]
Added to NRHP November 21, 1972

The Marshall County Courthouse is located in Marshalltown, Iowa. The current building was completed in 1886 to replace an earlier building. The courthouse is a dominant landmark in downtown Marshalltown.

History[edit]

Marshall County Courthouse, September 1977

In 1881 citizens of Marshall County voted for a $100,000 courthouse to be built on the public square in Marshalltown deeded by Henry Anson.[2] The former courthouse was a two story brick building located at 10-12 South 1st Avenue. David Wood Townsend contracted and oversaw the building of the new courthouse. [3] The cornerstone of the new building was laid in 1884 and the new courthouse was dedicated in 1886.[2]

The building was designed by John C. Cochrane, whose firm had designed the State Capitol Building in Des Moines.[4] The courthouse was constructed using native limestone over brick. In 1972 the building had been placed on the National Register of Historic Places.

In 1973 the State Fire Marshall ordered the building repaired or removed. The Courthouse had been well maintained until the market crash of 1929. During the Great Depression and war years, taxpayers could not afford to pay for needed repairs, so the building began to deteriorate.[5] The Friends of the Courthouse Committee, a newly formed organization, decided to save the building. A referendum was held and it was decided to restore the courthouse.[6] In 1974 voters approved a $3.2 million bond issue to pay for the renovation. The renovated Courthouse was rededicated on November 19, 1978.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b c "Courthouse Timeline". Marshall County, Iowa. Retrieved 2010-07-12. 
  3. ^ Engineering news-record, Volume 15, January to July, 1886
  4. ^ "Courthouse Timeline". Marshall County, Iowa. Retrieved 2010-07-12. 
  5. ^ "Courthouse". The City of Marshalltown. Retrieved 2010-07-12. 
  6. ^ "Courthouse History". Marshall County, Iowa. Retrieved 2010-07-12.