Marshall Carter

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Marshall Sylvester Carter
Marshall S. Carter.jpg
Born (1909-09-16)September 16, 1909
Fort Monroe, Virginia
Died February 18, 1993(1993-02-18) (aged 83)
Colorado Springs, Colorado
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Years of service 1931 - 1969
Rank US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Commands held Director of the National Security Agency
Battles/wars World War II
Cold War
Awards Distinguished Service Medal (3)
Legion of Merit (2)
Bronze Star Medal
Relations BG Clifton C. Carter

Marshall Sylvester Carter (September 16, 1909 – February 18, 1993) was a lieutenant general in the United States Army. From 1965 to 1969, he served as Director of the National Security Agency.

Biography[edit]

Marshall Sylvester Carter was born on September 16, 1909 at Fort Monroe, Virginia as a son of future Brigadier general Clifton C. Carter. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1931 and took an M.S. degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1936.

He served as an aide to General George C. Marshall during Marshall's time as Chief of Staff of the United States Army, Secretary of State, and Secretary of Defense.[1]

Carter, then a Lieutenant General, served as Deputy Director of Central Intelligence from April 3, 1962, to April 28, 1965. From 1965 to 1969, he served as Director of the National Security Agency. Upon retirement from the military, he served as President of the George C. Marshall Research Foundation until retiring from that position in 1985.

General Carter was inducted into the Military Intelligence Hall of Fame. He was portrayed by Ed Lauter in the film Thirteen Days (2000), based on events occurring during the Cuban Missile Crisis.[2] LTG Carter is buried in Arlington National with his wife Preot Nichols Carter (1912-1997).

Decorations[edit]

Here is Lt Gen Carter´s ribbon bar:

Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze star
Bronze oak leaf cluster
1st Row Army Distinguished Service Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters
2nd Row Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster Bronze Star Medal American Defense Service Medal with Foreign Service Clasp American Campaign Medal
3rd Row Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal World War II Victory Medal Army of Occupation Medal
4th Row National Defense Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster Chinese Special Breast Order of Yun Hui Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau (Netherlands) Chinese Special Breast Order of Yun Hui (Second Award)

References[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Charles Pearre Cabell
Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
1962–1965
Succeeded by
Richard M. Helms
Preceded by
Gordon A. Blake
Director of the National Security Agency
1965–1969
Succeeded by
Noel A. M. Gayler