Webster County Courthouse, 2006
Location of Marshfield, Missouri
|• Total||5.03 sq mi (13.03 km2)|
|• Land||5.03 sq mi (13.03 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,493 ft (455 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||6,686|
|• Density||1,318.7/sq mi (509.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0721909|
Marshfield is a city in Webster County, Missouri, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 6,633. It is the county seat  and part of the Springfield, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Marshfield was settled in 1830. On May 28, 1856, the court instructed Wright Holland to lay out the county seat on a square in the southeast corner of the acres apportioned. The survey of the town was commenced June 21, 1856. The post office was established also in 1856, with Allan F. Goss as postmaster. (--State of Missouri, 1889, pp. 252–259.) 
Early growth was described as "very slow" until the opening of the railroad in 1870. Marshfield had 1 church, about 20 stores, 1 furniture factory and 2 wagon shops. (--Gazetteer of Missouri, Campbell, p. 643; Mr. T. Ballard Watters.)
On April 18, 1880, a tornado measuring F4 on the Fujita scale struck Marshfield. Its damage path was 800 yards (730 m) wide and 64 miles (103 km) long. The tornado killed 99 people and injured 100. It is said that 10% of Marshfield's residents were killed and all but 15 of its buildings were destroyed.
In 1948, President Harry S Truman visited the city. On July 4, 1991, President George H W and Barbara Bush visited the annual Fourth of July parade. The town boasts the oldest Fourth of July celebration in the state of Missouri, in fact, it's the oldest west of the Mississippi River, which is the reason the First Family chose Marshfield as a campaign stop on the nation's birthday.
In 2006, the city made the national news as it welcomed the largest gathering of Presidential relatives in the history of the nation. The historic gathering occurred for the announcement ceremony of the National First Families Library and Museum, which is located on the city square.
Marshfield is the sister city of Marshfield, Massachusetts and is a Tree City USA. The city is also home to the Webster County Museum and the Missouri Walk of Fame, which is Missouri's version of the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The walk honors famous Missourians and stars are unveiled during the annual "Cherry Blossom Festival."
As of the census of 2010, there were 6,633 people, 2,605 households, and 1,756 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,318.7 inhabitants per square mile (509.2 /km2). There were 2,918 housing units at an average density of 580.1 per square mile (224.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 0.4% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.
There were 2,605 households of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.04.
The median age in the city was 36.4 years. 27.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 21.9% were from 45 to 64; and 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.1% male and 52.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,720 people, 2,256 households, and 1,534 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,182.7 people per square mile (456.3/km²). There were 2,417 housing units at an average density of 499.8/sq mi (192.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.80% White, 0.19% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.75% of the population.
There were 2,256 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.
As of 2000, the median income for a household was $27,753, and the median income for a family was $36,090. Males had a median income of $27,813 versus $20,752 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,855. About 5.5% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.
- Joseph Sterling Bridwell, Texas oilman, rancher, and philanthropist, attended school in Marshfield in the 1890s.
- Joe Haymes, Swing Era orchestra leader, was born in Marshfield in 1907.
- Edwin Hubble, American astronomer. Part of Interstate 44 through Marshfield is named the Edwin Hubble Highway.
- Dan Clemens, Republican member of the Missouri State Senate, was reared in and still resides in Marshfield.
- Mike Cunningham, Missouri State Representative, was reared in and resides in Marshfield.
- Darren King, member of the band Mutemath, was reared in Marshfield.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Jack O. Loftin, "Joseph Sterling Bridwell"". Texas State Historical Association online. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- City of Marshfield
- Marshfield Mail newspaper
- A Directory of Towns, Villages, and Hamlets, Past and Present of Webster County, Missouri
- Historic maps of Marshfield in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri