Marske-by-the-Sea

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Marske-by-the-Sea
Boats on the beach at Marske - geograph.org.uk - 669933.jpg
Fishing cobles on the sands at Marske
Marske-by-the-Sea is located in North Yorkshire
Marske-by-the-Sea
Marske-by-the-Sea
 Marske-by-the-Sea shown within North Yorkshire
OS grid reference NZ634222
Civil parish Saltburn, Marske and New Marske
Unitary authority Redcar and Cleveland
Ceremonial county North Yorkshire
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town REDCAR
Postcode district TS11
Dialling code 01642
Police Cleveland
Fire Cleveland
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Redcar
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 54°35′28″N 1°01′08″W / 54.5910°N 1.0190°W / 54.5910; -1.0190

Marske-by-the-Sea is a village in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. It is located on the coast, between the seaside resorts of Redcar and Saltburn-by-the-Sea, although it is not itself a seaside resort. Marske is in the civil parish of Saltburn, Marske and New Marske and comprises the wards of Longbeck (shared with New Marske) and St Germains.[1]

History[edit]

Marske is mentioned in the Domesday Book. St Germain's Church was consecrated by bishop Ægelric between 1042 and 1056.[2] Marske was amerced 20 marks for its part in the pillaging of a Norwegian vessel in 1180.[2]

RFC Marske[edit]

RFC/RAF base in Marske

The Royal Flying Corps had a landing strip and schools in Marske.[3] 'Captain' W. E. Johns, the author of the Biggles books, was based at Marske during part of the First World War, from April till August 1918.[4] The Bristol M1C Monoplane, The Red Devil, was first flown from this RFC base.[5] The RAF later administered a base here. After the Second World War the site of the aerodrome became an ICI depot and later a housing estate, The Landings, with roads named on an aeronautical theme: Avro Close, Blackburn Grove, De Havilland Drive - leading onto Vickers Lane-, Beardmore Avenue, Folland Drive, Wellington Close, Brabazon Drive, Halifax Close and Lysander Court.

Politics[edit]

Marske is part of Redcar constituency and is represented by Liberal Democrat Ian Swales in the House of Commons. It is part of the North East England European Parliament constituency, where it is represented by two Labour MEPs, and a UKIP MEP.

2011 local elections results[edit]

Borough Council[edit]

In the 2011 local elections, the following members were returned to Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council:[6]

Ward Councillor Party
St Germain's Tristan Learoyd Independent
Madge Moses Lib Dem
Sean Pryce Independent
Longbeck Victoria Reyer Lib Dem
Norah Cooney Conservative
Vic Jeffries Labour Party

Parish council results[edit]

Longbeck ward was uncontested, whilst St Germain's parish ward was contested, with 5 Lib Dems and 1 Labour parish councillor being elected.

Economy[edit]

The Harbour at Marske

The majority of the residents of Marske do not work within the village, but work in nearby industry or in Middlesbrough or Redcar. Marske has a range of local shops and a mixture of light industries on the Industrial Estate notably label and barcode specialists Weyfringe.[7] There is also small scale sea fishing using cobles and tractors from the beach.

Landmarks[edit]

Grade I listed Marske Hall

Marske has two imposing houses.

  • Cliff House,* which stands on the cliff tops overlooking the beach, was built in the 19th century as a holiday residence for the Pease family, who were prominent in the north-east business community, at the time, and principal shareholders in the Stockton and Darlington Railway. The railway was extended to Redcar in the 1840s and to Marske and Saltburn in the 1860s.

The village has its own post office, medical centres, leisure centre and a library.[9] The village has Methodist, Roman Catholic, Baptist and Church of England churches and five public houses: The Frigate, The Ship Inn,* The Zetland, The Mermaid and The Clarendon.[10]

* listed building

Most of Marske's listed buildings are to be found on High Street,[11] and Redcar Road,[12] but there are a few more on Church Street,[13] Cliff Terrace,[14] East Street,[15] and The Garth.[16]

Winkies Castle[edit]

Winkies Castle

The village is also home to a museum named Winkies Castle* which is open to visitors. This is not really a castle but an old half cruck cottage formerly owned by the late master shoemaker, Jack Anderson.[17] There is a story that the house's name comes from Jack's cat named Winkie. The museum has rotating exhibitions and over 6,000 articles; including a two-headed lamb called "Bill and Ben".

The building was saved from demolition in 1968 by Jack Anderson when he turned it into a community museum and bequeathed it to Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council—It is the oldest house in Marske-by-the-Sea and dates back to the 17th century. It is now run & managed entirely by volunteers & opens 3 days a week from Easter Saturday until the end of September each year.[18]

Transport[edit]

Marske is served by Longbeck and Marske railway stations, which connect to Darlington mainline station. The main road through Marske is the A1085 Coast Road and High Street. Marske is served by Arriva 4/4A, 64/64A, 81/81A/781, and X3/X4 bus services.

Education[edit]

Marske-by-the-Sea has three primary schools: Errington Primary School, Westgarth Primary School, and St Bede's R.C. Primary School. The village is served by the following secondary schools: Bydales School located within the village and Rye Hills School, Sacred Heart R.C. Comprehensive School located in Redcar, and Huntcliff School located in Saltburn.[19]

Sport[edit]

Marske-by-the-Sea has an Martial Art ITF TaeKwon Do School.[20] Furthermore, the village has a northern league division 1 football club, Marske United F.C.[21] as well as a cricket club, and badminton club.

Notable people[edit]

Charles Dickens visited the village to view Marske Hall's unusual turrets[22] and to see the graves of Captain Cook's parents.[23] An early 20th century memorial, 20–30 yards west of St Germain's tower, marks the approximate location.[24] 'Captain' W.E. Johns, the author of the Biggles books, was based at RFC Marske towards the end of the First World War.[4]

Land Speed Record holder Andy Green grew up in Marske and attended Bydales Secondary school.

Marske was the home of Charlotte Hughes, the longest-lived person ever documented in the United Kingdom.[25] In the 1970s West Indies cricketer Albert Padmore lived in Marske[26] and Steve Oliver, the writer, director, and radio broadcaster attended Errington Primary School, until his family relocated to Norfolk in 1985. Marske was also home of artist Chris Dooks—past director of arts television programmes, such as The South Bank Show.[27] Middlesbrough Football Club players, Robbie Stockdale & Cameron Park both grew up in Marske. Singer and songwriter Georgina Anderson also comes from Marske, she attended Bydales Secondary School.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Redcar & Cleveland Ward Map". Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council. Retrieved 6 October 2007. 
  2. ^ a b Farrer, William (1914–1916). Early Yorkshire charters; being a collection of documents anterior to the thirteenth century made from the public records, monastic chartularies, Roger Dodsworth's manuscripts and other available sources. vol. 2. Edinburgh: Ballantyne, Hanson, & Co. 
  3. ^ "Redcar Map Directory". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 16 August 2007. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b "Captain W. E. Johns". The Twickenham Museum. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "The Harry Butler Story". District Council of Yorke Peninsula. Archived from the original on 22 August 2007. Retrieved 16 August 2007. 
  6. ^ "Redcar & Cleveland". May 2011. 
  7. ^ "Weyfringe Labelling Systems". Cylex. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "Marske-by-the-Sea History". p. 3. Archived from the original on 8 May 2006. Retrieved 30 April 2006. 
  9. ^ "Marske Library". Redcar & Cleveland Leisure. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  10. ^ "Pubs in Marske-By-The-Sea". Pubs Galore. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  11. ^ High Street: "53". , "62 & 64". , "91a". , "145a". , "145 & 145b". , "151–157". , "158". , "162". , "Garage". , "Tel. Kiosk". , "Tithe Barn". , "The Ship Inn". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  12. ^ Redcar Road: "Marske Hall". , "Dovecote". , "Front Garden Wall". , "Garden Walls". , "Greenhouse". , "Storehouse". , "Marske Hall Cottages". , "Zetland Estate Office, #36". , "Church of St. Mark". , "War Memorial". , "Walls". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  13. ^ Church Street: "2". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  14. ^ Cliff Terrace: "Cliff House". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  15. ^ East Street: "48". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  16. ^ The Garth: "Gazebo and garden wall No. 3". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  17. ^ "Welcome to Winkies Castle: A memorial to master shoemaker Jack". Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council. Retrieved 19 February 2006. 
  18. ^ "Cobbler's curious castle unveiled". Northern Echo. This is the North East. 2002. Retrieved 19 February 2006. 
  19. ^ /LearningMapLowGraph?ReadForm&facility=Schools%20and%20Colleges "this is Redcar & Cleveland The Learning Map". Redcar and Cleveland. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  20. ^ "Home Page". North East Schools of TaeKwon Do. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  21. ^ "The Seasiders". the seasiders.webs.com. 
  22. ^ "William Pennyman's Marske Hall". The History Channel. p. 1. Retrieved 30 April 2006. 
  23. ^ Myers Literary Guide
  24. ^ "Captain James Cook Biography: Part 1. Early life and Royal Navy". Retrieved 30 April 2006. 
  25. ^ "On this day, 1 August 1989: Britain's oldest person turns 112". BBC News. 1 August 1989. Retrieved 19 November 2007. 
  26. ^ Pearson, Harry (29 May 2009). "Greenpeace and the spinners' art". The Guardian. 
  27. ^ "Artist and Doctoral Researcher Chris Dooks". dooks.org. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Books
  • Sotheran, Peter (1976). Memories of Marske-by-the-Sea. A.A. Sotheran Ltd. ISBN 0-905032-03-9. 
  • Hope, Edmund (1975). Hope's history of Marske-by-the-Sea. A.A. Sotheran Ltd. ISBN 0-9504427-2-0. 
Web links