Marsoui, Quebec

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Marsoui
Village municipality
Church in Marsoui
Church in Marsoui
Location within La Haute-Gaspésie RCM.
Location within La Haute-Gaspésie RCM.
Marsoui is located in Eastern Quebec
Marsoui
Marsoui
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 49°13′N 66°04′W / 49.217°N 66.067°W / 49.217; -66.067Coordinates: 49°13′N 66°04′W / 49.217°N 66.067°W / 49.217; -66.067[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine
RCM La Haute-Gaspésie
Settled 1830s
Constituted January 1, 1950
Government[2]
 • Mayor Jovette Gasse
 • Federal riding Haute-Gaspésie—La
Mitis—Matane—Matapédia
 • Prov. riding Gaspé
Area[2][3]
 • Total 177.10 km2 (68.38 sq mi)
 • Land 183.63 km2 (70.90 sq mi)
  There is an apparent
contradiction between two
authoritative sources
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 309
 • Density 1.7/km2 (4/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 9.4%
 • Dwellings 177
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0E 1S0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 132
Website www.marsoui.com

Marsoui is a village municipality in the Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine region of Quebec, Canada.

The name Marsoui is thought to originate from the Mi'kmaq word malseoui, meaning "flint" which is abundant in the area. However, another theory explains that it comes from the French word marsouin, the vernacular term for porpoise or beluga whale that used to be present in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence in large numbers. Alternate spellings used over time were Marsouis, Marsoin, and Marsouins.[1]

History[edit]

While the beluga hunt and cod fishing was popular in this area during the late 17th century, it was not until 1836 that the first permanent settlers, the Henley family of Mont-Louis, arrived. They were followed by people from Jersey.[1]

In 1890, the Mission of Sainte-Émélie-de-Marsoui was founded there, and 3 years later, the local post office opened.[1] Subsistence fishing was the main economic activity until 1911. Then a small saw mill was built that started the transformation to a forestry-based economy. Over the following decades, several saw mills burnt down and were rebuilt.[4]

During the Prohibition era in the United States, Marsoui was a favorite hideout for smugglers fleeing the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.[1]

In 1923, the villages of Marsoui and Rivière-à-la-Marthe separated from the municipality of Sainte-Anne-des-Monts to form the Township Municipality of Christie. In turn, Marsoui separated from this township in 1950 to be incorporated as a village municipality. Its first mayor was Alphonse Couturier, whose company had built a large saw mill in Marsoui in 1940.[5]

From 1945 to 1954, a lead and zinc mine operated about 21 kilometres (13 mi) southwest of Marsoui.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Marsoui, Quebec[8]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 475 —    
1996 440 −7.4%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 373 −15.2%
2006 341 −8.6%
Year Pop. ±%
2011 309 −9.4%

Economy[edit]

The primary industry of Marsoui is forestry. The Bois Marsoui GDS mill supports 60% of its population. There is also a small tourism industry, including 2 commercial sugar houses. Other businesses provide local commercial and public services.[9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Marsoui (Municipalité de village)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 
  2. ^ a b "Marsoui". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  3. ^ a b c "Marsoui census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  4. ^ a b "Economie, historique" (in French). Municipalité de Marsoui. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  5. ^ "Municipalité, historique" (in French). Municipalité de Marsoui. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  8. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  9. ^ "Municipalité de Marsoui" (in French). MRC de La Haute-Gaspésie. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  10. ^ "Marsoui" (in French). Gaspésie et des Îles-de-la-Madeleine. Retrieved 2011-12-19.